Understanding Terrorism And Political Violence

Understanding Terrorism and Political Violence PDF Book Detail:
Author: Dipak K. Gupta
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135982813
Size: 61.63 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Political Science
Languages : un
Pages : 284
View: 7633

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Book Description: This book explains the lifecycle of terrorist organizations from an innovative theoretical perspective, combining economics with social psychology. It provides a new approach to understanding human behaviour in organized society, and then uses this to analyze the forces shaping the lifecycle of violent political movements. Economic and rational-choice theorists assume that human beings are motivated only by self-utility, yet terrorism is ultimately an altruistic act in the eyes of its participants. This book highlights the importance of the desire to belong to a group as a motivating factor, and argues that all of us face an eternal trade-off between selfishness and community concern. This hypothesis is explored through four key groups; the IRA in Northern Ireland, Al Qaeda, Hamas, and the Naxalites in India. Through this, the book analyzes the birth, growth, transformation and demise of violent political movements, and ends with an analysis of the conditions which determine the outcome of the war against terrorism. Understanding Terrorism and Political Violence will be essential reading for advanced students of terrorism studies and political science, and of great interest to students of social psychology and sociology.

Understanding Terrorism Innovation And Learning

Understanding Terrorism Innovation and Learning PDF Book Detail:
Author: Magnus Ranstorp
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317538048
Size: 50.32 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Political Science
Languages : un
Pages : 298
View: 1202

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Book Description: This book examines the role of terrorist innovation and learning in theory and practice, and in the context of three specific EU case-studies. It is often said that terrorist groups are relatively conservative in character operating in a technological vacuum – relying almost exclusively on bombs and bullets. This observation masks increasing complexity and creativity and innovation within terrorist groups and one of the most distinguishing features of al-Qaeda’s terrorist operations is its propensity for remarkable innovation. This book examines how and why terrorist groups innovate more generally and al-Qaeda-related terrorist plots in Europe more specifically. The starting point for this book was twofold. Firstly to examine the issue of innovation and learning more generically both in theory, within specific themes and within the context of al-Qaeda’s influence on this process. Secondly, this book examines the evolution of specific al-Qaeda-related plots in three specific northern EU states – the United Kingdom, Denmark and Germany - where there has been a significant volume of planned, failed and executed terrorist plots. In particular, these case studies explore signs of innovation and learning. This book will be of much interest to students of terrorism and counter-terrorism, political violence, security studies and IR in general.

Interdisciplinary Analyses Of Terrorism And Political Aggression

Interdisciplinary Analyses of Terrorism and Political Aggression PDF Book Detail:
Author: Daniel Antonius
Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
ISBN: 9781443816403
Size: 44.71 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Political Science
Languages : un
Pages : 319
View: 2573

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Book Description: Over the past decade, academics spanning the professional spectrum have begun to unpack the complexity of factors that underlie terrorism and political violence with increased vigor. The resulting field has begun to yield valuable empirical and theoretical insights into these dynamics, which are now shaping both immediate frameworks for responding to terrorism as well as the broader policy implications for managing this problem in the near and far-term. Interdisciplinary Analyses of Terrorism and Political Aggression seeks to advance the understanding of terrorism and political violence by disseminating research representing a wide array of professional disciplines from scholars across the globe. This volume aims to encourage academic discourse and debate, and provide a more complex understanding of the myriad of factors that contribute to terrorism as well as the way in which groups respond to terrorism. Interdisciplinary Analyses of Terrorism and Political Aggression brings together prominent scholars from the US, the UK, Iran, Australia, Canada, Scotland, Poland, Bulgaria, Italy and Spain, representing a variety of academic disciplines including criminology, psychology, psychiatry, police science, physics, sociology, biology and international relations. The authors approach the topic of terrorism from various perspectives, and provide the reader with a more nuanced view on issues of terrorism and political violence.

Explaining Terrorism

Explaining Terrorism PDF Book Detail:
Author: Martha Crenshaw
Publisher: Taylor & Francis US
ISBN: 9780415780513
Size: 56.56 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : History
Languages : un
Pages : 268
View: 3870

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Book Description: The leading global thinker on the study of terrorism, Martha Crenshaw has for thirty years produced the most creative, rigorous and important contributions our field has known. And now these can all be found in one place. This book is simply the one indispensable text that every student, scholar and researcher of terrorism and political violence must have. Literally the best of the best.' John Horgan, International Center for the Study of Terrorism, Penn State University, USA `Explaining terrorism requires an interdisciplinary approach able to address contextual causes, organizational dynamics and individual motifs. This combination of different levels of the analysis has been at the core of Martha Crenshaw's influential contributions to the field of terrorism study, the best of which are now collected in this precious volume.' Donatella della Porta, European University Institute, Florence, Italy `When it comes to the study of terrorism from a genuine social science perspective, Professor Martha Crenshaw became the scholar of reference long before the field gained academic centrality worldwide after 9/11.'Fernando Reinares, Universidad Rey Juan Carlos, Madrid, Spain This volume comprises some of the key essays by Professor Crenshaw, from 1972 to the present-day, on the causes, processes and consequences of terrorism. Since the early 1970s, scholars and practitioners have tried to explain terrorism and to assess the effectiveness of government responses to the threat. From its beginnings in a small handful of analytical studies, the research field has expanded to thousands of entries, with an enormous spike following the 9/11 attacks. The field of terrorism studies is now impressive in terms of quantity, scope, and variety. This collection of essays by one of the pioneering thinkers in the field of terrorism studies will be essential reading for all students of political violence and terrorism, security studies and IR/politics in general.

Understanding Terrorism And Political Violence

Understanding Terrorism and Political Violence PDF Book Detail:
Author: Dipak K. Gupta
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1000190781
Size: 70.50 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 304
View: 191

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Book Description: This book provides a multidisciplinary approach to understanding human behavior and uses it to analyze the forces shaping the life cycle of violent political movements. This new edition has been revised and updated, with three new chapters being added. The 2nd edition takes us deeper inside human motivations, which cause otherwise rational people to join dissident groups, willing to kill and be killed. In doing so, the book draws upon research on brain science, evolutionary biology, and social psychology to help explain pathological collective behavior. From the motivations of individual participants, the book turns to the evolution of terrorist groups by venturing into theories of organizational development. Together, these theories explain the life cycle – the birth, growth, transformation from an ideological group to a criminal syndicate, and demise -- of a dissident organization. These hypotheses are supported with detailed case studies of three disparate terrorist movements: the nationalists of the IRA, the communist Naxalites of India, and the religious fundamentalists of al-Qaeda and ISIS. The book’s theory leads to an explanation of the current global trend of rising tribalism and authoritarianism. The author warns that this latest wave of xenophobia and authoritarianism is likely to be exacerbated by climate change and the consequent rise in sea-levels, which could displace millions from the areas least able to mitigate the effects of global warming to the countries that can. This book will be essential reading for students of terrorism studies, and of great interest to students of social psychology, political science and sociology.

Victims And Perpetrators Of Terrorism

Victims and Perpetrators of Terrorism PDF Book Detail:
Author: Orla Lynch
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351725343
Size: 53.61 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : History
Languages : un
Pages : 216
View: 6415

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Book Description: This volume examines how both victims and perpetrators of terrorism are relevant to our understanding of political violence. While the perpetrators of political violence have been the subject of significant academic research, victims of terrorism and political violence have rarely featured in this landscape. In an effort to capture the vast complexity of terrorism, and to widen the scope of the agenda that informs terrorism research, this book presents a series of analyses that examines the role of the perpetrators, the experience of the victims, the public and media perceptions of both, and given the inherent intricacy of the phenomenon, how we might think about engaging with perpetrators in an effort to prevent further violence. By considering the role of the many actors who are central to our understanding and framing of terrorism and political violence, this book highlights the need to focus on how the interactivity of individuals and contexts have implications for the emergence, maintenance and termination of campaigns of political violence. The volume aims to understand not only how former perpetrators and victims can work in preventing violence in a number of contexts but, more broadly, the narratives that support and oppose violence, the construction of victimisation, the politicisation of victimhood, the justifications for violence and the potential for preventing and encouraging desistance from violence. This book will be of much interest to students of terrorism and political violence, victimology, criminology, security studies and IR in general.

Understanding Violent Radicalisation

Understanding Violent Radicalisation PDF Book Detail:
Author: Magnus Ranstorp
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135260427
Size: 20.84 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : History
Languages : un
Pages : 280
View: 7124

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Book Description: This is the first book to address in depth the interplay between radicalisation and political violence in Europe, as well as the effectiveness of counter-measures. As evidenced from the multitude of intercepted plots across several European cities since 2001, the threat level and the intensity of the desire to perpetrate mass-casualty attacks within Europe is not diminishing. While violent radicalization has gradually moved to the top of the EU counterterrorism agenda, it has been accompanied by a relatively embryonic understanding about the processes and interplay of factors that contribute to radicalization, which are played out differently in cities like Paris, Rome, London and Copenhagen. Undoubtedly, there are common factors at the global and regional levels that facilitate radicalization, but it is also clear that radicalization is very context dependent. This book provides crucial insights into different ways to understand violent radicalization within national contexts and the challenges addressing the many pathways into terrorism inspired by al-Qaeda and other forms of Islamic extremism. This book will be of great interest to students of terrorism studies and political violence, counter-terrorism, EU politics, security studies and IR in general. Magnus Ranstorp is Research Director of the Center for Asymmetric Threat Studies at the Swedish National Defence College and a Member of EU Expert Groups on (Violent) Radicalisation. He has twenty years of experience in research on counterterrorism issues and testified at the 9/11 Commission Hearing.

Applying Psychology

Applying Psychology PDF Book Detail:
Author: Orla Lynch
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
ISBN: 0470683163
Size: 76.82 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Political Science
Languages : un
Pages : 176
View: 3247

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Book Description: This volume investigates the application of psychological theory to the case of terrorism and political violence. This book offers a framework for approaching psychological research on terrorism that encourages an explicit orientation to the issues that have acted as road blocks to the potential for psychology as a discipline to meaningfully contribute to terrorism research. The framework encourages researchers to define the research parameters in clear concise terms, devoid of theoretical jargon and rooted in an understanding of real world social problems. Furthermore, researchers are encouraged to be explicit about the vantage point through which the problem is being viewed (i.e., is it a problem for participants themselves? For broader society, for policy-makers and other stakeholders?) and what the intended outcome of the research might be. Furthermore, this volume aims to demonstrate how to apply existing psychological theory to terrorist related phenomenon. In doing so, researchers are asked to consider whether the research problem is psychological in nature and if so, what existing theories can help explain, if not alleviate the problem. As such, researchers in psychology are encouraged to dig deep, to tap into the wealth of knowledge available in psychology to understand terrorist related phenomenon as embedded within normal psychological processes, albeit manifesting in what can be considered exceptional situations and circumstances. Applying Psychology: The Case of Terrorism and Political Violence will appeal to academics, students, and professionals interested in applied psychology, terrorism studies, sociology, international security, and international relations.

Counter Terrorism And State Political Violence

Counter Terrorism and State Political Violence PDF Book Detail:
Author: Scott Poynting
Publisher:
ISBN: 9780415748094
Size: 67.72 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : History
Languages : un
Pages : 264
View: 7112

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Book Description: This edited volume aims to deepen our understanding of state power through a series of case studies of political violence arising from state 'counter-terrorism' strategies. The book examines how state counter-terrorism strategies are invariably underpinned by terror, in the form of state political violence. It seeks to answer three key questions: To what extent can counter-terror strategies be read as a form of state terror? How fundamental is state terror to the maintenance of a neo-liberal social order? What are the features of counter-terrorism that render it so easily reducible to state terror? In order to explore these issues, and to reach an understanding of what it means to say that the 'war on terror' is terror , the contributing authors draw upon case studies from a range of geographical contexts including the UK and Northern Ireland, the US and Colombia, and Sri Lanka and Tamil Eelam. Analysing these case studies from a psychological-warfare and hegemonic perspective, the book also includes two chapters from Noam Chomsky and John Pilger, which provide a global and historical context. This book will be of great interest to students of critical terrorism studies, political violence, war and conflict studies, sociology, international security and IR.