From Darwin To Behaviourism

From Darwin to Behaviourism PDF Book Detail:
Author: Robert Boakes
Publisher: CUP Archive
ISBN: 9780521280129
Size: 46.53 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 279
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Book Description: This volume surveys the way that understanding of the minds of animals and ideas about the relationship between animal and human behaviour developed from around 1870 to 1930. In describing the research and theories which contributed to these developments, this book looks at the people who undertook such studies and the reasons why they did so. Its main purpose is to examine the different ways in which the outcome of this work affected their ideas about the human mind and exerted such a formative influence on psychology in general. This book will be used by first and second year undergraduates studying psychology, and will also appeal to students of the history of science and philosophy. In addition, the lucid, non-technical style of this book will provide an excellent introduction to the general reader who would like to know more about this interesting subject.

Wilhelm Wundt In History

Wilhelm Wundt in History PDF Book Detail:
Author: Robert W. Rieber
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461506654
Size: 73.36 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 302
View: 5510

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Book Description: In this new millenium it may be fair to ask, "Why look at Wundt?" Over the years, many authors have taken fairly detailed looks at the work and accomplishments of Wilhelm Wundt (1832-1920). This was especially true of the years around 1979, the centennial of the Leipzig Institute for Experimental Psychology, the birthplace of the "graduate program" in psychology. More than twenty years have passed since then, and in the intervening time those centennial studies have attracted the attention and have motivated the efforts of a variety of historians, philosophers, psychologists, and other social scientists. They have profited from the questions raised earlier about theoretical, methodological, sociological, and even political aspects affecting the organized study of mind and behavior; they have also proposed some new directions for research in the history of the behavioral and social sciences. With the advantage of the historiographic perspective that twenty years can bring, this volume will consider this much-heralded "founding father of psychology" once again. Some of the authors are veterans of the centennial who contributed to a very useful volume, edited by Robert W. Rieber, Wilhelm Wundt and the Making of a Scientific Psychology (New York: Plenum Press, 1980). Others are scholars who have joined Wundt studies since then, and have used that book, among others, as a guide to further work. The first chapter, "Wundt before Leipzig," is essentially unchanged from the 1980 volume.

Race Culture And Evolution

Race  Culture  and Evolution PDF Book Detail:
Author: George W. Stocking
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 9780226774947
Size: 77.67 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 380
View: 220

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Book Description: Essays in the history of anthropology cover such topics as the image of primitive man in evolutionary anthology and a historical analysis of the scientific reaction against cultural anthropology in the early twentieth century.

Beyond Separate Spheres

Beyond Separate Spheres PDF Book Detail:
Author: Rosalind Rosenberg
Publisher: Yale University Press
ISBN: 9780300030921
Size: 43.67 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 288
View: 4511

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Book Description: Examines the lives of female social scientists in the nineteenth and early-twentieth centuries, their difficulties in gaining acceptance, and their pioneering studies of the differences between the sexes

The First Century Of Experimental Psychology

The First Century of Experimental Psychology PDF Book Detail:
Author: Eliot Hearst
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1000766837
Size: 61.53 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 720
View: 3253

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Book Description: This volume, originally published in 1979, sponsored by the Psychonomic Society (the North American association of research psychologists), commemorates the centennial of experimental psychology as a separate discipline – dated from the opening of Wilhelm Wundt’s laboratory at Leipzig in 1879. Each major research area is surveyed by distinguished experts, and the chapters treat historical background and progress, experimental findings and methods, critical theoretical issues, evaluations of the current state of the art, future prospects, and even practical and social relevance of the work. Writing in a lively style suitable for non-specialists, the authors provide a general introduction to the history of experimental psychology. Illustrated by many photographs of leading historical figures, this book blends history with methodology, findings with theory, and discussion of specific topics with integrated assessments of what has truly been accomplished in the first hundred years of experimental psychology.

The Definition Of A Profession

The Definition of a Profession PDF Book Detail:
Author: JoAnne Brown
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 9781400820788
Size: 75.68 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 228
View: 3294

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Book Description: In the early twentieth century, a small group of psychologists built a profession upon the new social technology of intelligence testing. They imagined the human mind as quantifiable, defining their new enterprise through analogies to the better established scientific professions of medicine and engineering. Offering a fresh interpretation of this controversial movement, JoAnne Brown reveals how this group created their professional sphere by semantically linking it to historical systems of cultural authority. She maintains that at the same time psychologists participated in a form of Progressivism, which she defines as a political culture founded on the technical exploitation of human intelligence as a "new" natural resource. This book addresses the early days of the mental testing enterprise, including its introduction into the educational system. Moreover, it examines the processes of social change that construct, and are constructed by, shared and contested cultural vocabularies. Brown argues that language is an integral part of social and political experience, and its forms and uses can be specified historically. The historical and theoretical implications will interest scholars in the fields of history, politics, psychology, sociology of knowledge, history and philosophy of social science, and sociolinguistics.

Freud And The Americans

Freud and the Americans PDF Book Detail:
Author: Nathan G. Hale
Publisher: New York : Oxford University Press
Size: 18.31 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Psychoanalysis
Languages : en
Pages : 574
View: 7145

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Book Description: VOLUME 1: Examines the medical, moral, and social conditions prevailing at the time in order to understand why America embraced Freud's psychoanalytic theories. VOLUME 2: Although Freud made only one visit to the United States, the spectacular rise and equally precipitous decline of his theories on human behavior continue to make headlines. In 1956, celebrating the centennial of Freud's birth, popular magazines reported that this "Darwin of the Mind" had fathered modern psychiatry, psychology, child raising, education, and sexual attitudes. But by 1975, Sir Peter Medawar, a medical research scientist and a Nobel Prize winner, announced in the New York Review of Books that "doctrinaire psychoanalytic theory" was the "most stupendous intellectual confidence trick of the twentieth century." In 1984, a headline in Ms. Magazine--"The Hundred Year Cover Up: How Freud Betrayed Women"--neatly summed up two decades of scathing feminist criticism. How much of this extraordinary sea change in Freud's American reputation is due to the nature of psychoanalysis itself, and how much to shifts in American society? And what, if anything, of the Freudian legacy will survive the current crisis of psychoanalysis?The Rise and Crisis of Psychoanalysis, the long awaited conclusion to Nathan G. Hale's pathbreaking history of the American psychoanalytic movement, Freud and the Americans, offers a brilliant analysis of Freud's continuing impact on the American cultural landscape. With skill and insight, Hale traces the extraordinary popularization of Freud's ideas through magazines, books, and even novels and Hollywood movies, and reveals how the vast human laboratory of World War I seemed to confirm Freud's theories about the irrational and brutal elements of human nature. Not only did psychoanalysis prove effective for treating the frightful nightmares and other symptoms of shell-shocked soldiers, its promise of helping individuals fulfill their potential fit neatly into the uniquely American pattern of self-improvement and upward mobility. Weighing the recurrent controversies that raged over the scientific validity of Freud's theories with the arguments of influential intellectuals who saw in psychoanalysis a sweeping criticism of traditional sexual mores, Hale shows how and why psychoanalysis came to have such a pervasive influence on the fabric of American life, from child care to criminology. The twenties and thirties saw psychoanalysis transform itself from the calling of a self-chosen group of avant-garde psychiatrists and neurologists to a profession with its own institutions for training and certification. Hale documents how the American insistence on medical training, while greatly annoying to Freud himself, was essential to U.S. acceptance of the psychoanalytic profession. He recreates the enormous vogue enjoyed by psychoanalysis in the years after the Second World War, and the inevitable backlash leading up to the current crisis. As feminists rebelled against Freud's rigid gender roles, new psychotherapies and new drugs narrowed the problems for which psychoanalysis seemed appropriate, and even orthodox analysts began to question the effectiveness of the therapy when analyses lengthened from one or two to five, ten, or more years. In its final chapters, The Rise and Crisis of Psychoanalysis offers a comprehensive and authoritative assessment of the psychoanalytic movement as it continues to respond to these challenges. Illuminating both the boldness and sweep of Freud's analytic vision and its limitations, it is destined to become a definitive work.

Explorations In The History Of Psychology In The United States

Explorations in the History of Psychology in the United States PDF Book Detail:
Author: Josef Brožek
Publisher: Bucknell University Press
ISBN: 9780838750391
Size: 61.11 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 333
View: 1216

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Book Description: This collection of monographs traces the development of psychology in the United States from the 1630s to the present, describing and explaining the influence of European and indigenous doctrines and methods, and chronicling the process from meager beginnings to world leadership in the field. Illustrated.

The Rise Of American Philosophy

The Rise of American Philosophy PDF Book Detail:
Author: Bruce Kuklick
Publisher: Yale University Press
ISBN: 9780300024135
Size: 24.67 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 674
View: 7766

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Book Description: Concentrating on the era when American academic philosophy was nearly equated with Harvard, the ideas, lives, and social milieu of Pierce, James, Royce, Whitehead, and others are critically analyzed