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Problem Solving Courts And The Criminal Justice System

Problem Solving Courts and the Criminal Justice System PDF

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Author: David Dematteo
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0190844825
Size: 41.89 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 264
View: 4293


Problem-solving courts provide judicially supervised treatment for behavioral health needs commonly found among criminal offenders, including substance abuse and mental health disorders, and they treat a variety of offender populations. These courts employ a team-based approach consisting of a judge, defense attorney, prosecutor, and treatment providers, representing a significant paradigm shift in how the justice system treats offenders with special needs. Despite the proliferation of problem-solving courts, there remains some uncertainty about how they function, how effective they are, and the most promising ways to implement problem-solving justice. Problem-Solving Courts and the Criminal Justice System provides a comprehensive foundation of knowledge related to problem-solving courts and the role they play in the United States criminal justice system. The book begins with an overview that explores precipitating factors in these courts' development, relevant political influence, and their history, purposes, benefits, and drawbacks, followed by a detailed discussion of specific types of problem solving courts, including drug courts, mental health courts, and veterans courts, among many others. Next a review of the legal and ethical considerations of alternative methods to standard prosecution is complemented by an examination of the methodological challenges faced by researchers when attempting to study the effectiveness of problem-solving courts. The book concludes with a discussion of future directions in terms of research, practice, and policy relating to these courts in the United States. Problem-Solving Courts and the Criminal Justice System is appropriate for professionals, researchers, and students in the fields of mental health, criminal justice, and law.

Problem Solving Courts

Problem Solving Courts PDF

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Author: Richard L. Wiener
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461474035
Size: 35.96 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 256
View: 5236


In order to make the criminal court system more effective there has been a growing trend to have courts participate in what is essentially a rehabilitation strategy. Such courts are often referred to as “problem-solving” because they are working on root causes of criminal behavior as part of the dispensation of justice. This major shift in the role of the courts means that the court works closely with prosecutors, public defenders, probation officers, social workers, and other justice system partners to develop a strategy that pressures offenders to complete a treatment program which will ultimately, hopefully prevent recidivism. Research has shown that this kind of strategy has a two-fold benefit. It has been successful in helping offenders turn their lives around which leads to improved public safety and the ultimate saving of public funds. This book is the first to focus exclusively on problem solving courts, and as such it presents an overview of the rationale and scientific evidence for such courts as well as individual sections on the key areas in which these courts are active. Thus there is specific attention paid to domestic violence, juvenile criminality, mental health, and more. Throughout, research findings are incorporated into general discussions of these courts operate and ideally what they are trying to accomplish. There is also discussion of how such courts should evolve in the future and the directions that further research should take.

Transforming Criminal Justice

Transforming Criminal Justice  PDF

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Author: Jane Donoghue
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136699481
Size: 45.81 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 168
View: 308


Why is punishment not more effective? Why do we have such high re-offending rates? How can we deal with crime and criminals in a more cost-effective way? Over the last decade in particular, the United Kingdom, in common with other jurisdictions such as Canada, the United States (US) and Australia, has sought to develop more effective ways of responding to criminal behaviour through court reforms designed to address specific manifestations of crime. Strongly influenced by developments in US court specialisation, problem-solving and specialist courts - including domestic violence courts, drugs courts, community courts and mental health courts - have proliferated in Britain over the last few years. These courts operate at the intersection of criminal law and social policy and appear to challenge much of the traditional model of court practice. In addition, policy makers and practitioners have made significant attempts to try to embed problem-solving approaches into the criminal justice system more widely. Through examination of original data gathered from detailed interviews with judges, magistrates and other key criminal justice professionals in England and Wales, as well as analysis of legislative and policy interventions, this book discusses the impact of the creation and development of court specialisation and problem-solving justice. This book will be essential reading for students and academics in the fields of criminology, criminal justice, criminal law, socio-legal studies and sociology, as well as for criminal justice practitioners and policy-makers.

Good Courts

Good Courts PDF

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Author: Greg Berman
Publisher: Quid Pro Books
ISBN: 1610273311
Size: 80.65 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 237
View: 7603


Presented in a new digital edition, and adding a Foreword by Jonathan Lippman, Chief Judge of the state of New York, Good Courts is now available as an eBook to criminal justice workers, jurists, lawyers, political scientists, court officials, and others interested in the future of alternative justice and process in the United States. Public confidence in American criminal courts is at an all-time low. Victims, communities, and even offenders view courts as unable to respond adequately to complex social and legal problems including drugs, prostitution, domestic violence, and quality-of-life crime. Even many judges and attorneys think that the courts produce assembly-line justice. Increasingly embraced by even the most hard-on-crime jurists, problem-solving courts offer an effective alternative. As documented by Greg Berman and John Feinblatt—both of whom were instrumental in setting up New York’s Midtown Community Court and Red Hook Community Justice Center, two of the nation’s premier models for problem-solving justice—these alternative courts reengineer the way everyday crime is addressed by focusing on the underlying problems that bring people into the criminal justice system to begin with. The first book to describe this cutting-edge movement in detail, Good Courts features, in addition to the Midtown and Red Hook models, an in-depth look at Oregon’s Portland Community Court. And it reviews the growing body of evidence that the problem-solving approach to justice is indeed producing positive results around the country. Quality eBook features include linked Notes, active TOC, and proper formatting.

Taking Problem Solving Courts To Scale

Taking Problem Solving Courts to Scale PDF

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Author: Eileen M. Ahlin
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 1793608423
Size: 28.24 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 338
View: 3444


Taking Problem-Solving Courts to Scale is presented in three sections to address specialty courts focused on criminogenic needs, individual characteristics, and offense characteristics. This collective body of work strengthens our understanding of how problem-solving courts are continuing to revolutionize and reform our criminal justice system.

Problem Solving Courts And The Criminal Justice System

Problem Solving Courts and the Criminal Justice System PDF

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Author: David DeMatteo
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190844833
Size: 54.98 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 328
View: 2119


Problem-solving courts provide judicially supervised treatment for behavioral health needs commonly found among criminal offenders, including substance abuse and mental health disorders, and they treat a variety of offender populations. These courts employ a team-based approach consisting of a judge, defense attorney, prosecutor, and treatment providers, representing a significant paradigm shift in how the justice system treats offenders with special needs. Despite the proliferation of problem-solving courts, there remains some uncertainty about how they function, how effective they are, and the most promising ways to implement problem-solving justice. Problem-Solving Courts and the Criminal Justice System provides a comprehensive foundation of knowledge related to problem-solving courts and the role they play in the United States criminal justice system. The book begins with an overview that explores precipitating factors in these courts' development, relevant political influence, and their history, purposes, benefits, and drawbacks, followed by a detailed discussion of specific types of problem solving courts, including drug courts, mental health courts, and veterans courts, among many others. Next a review of the legal and ethical considerations of alternative methods to standard prosecution is complemented by an examination of the methodological challenges faced by researchers when attempting to study the effectiveness of problem-solving courts. The book concludes with a discussion of future directions in terms of research, practice, and policy relating to these courts in the United States. Problem-Solving Courts and the Criminal Justice System is appropriate for professionals, researchers, and students in the fields of mental health, criminal justice, and law.

Problem Solving Courts Justice For The Twenty First Century

Problem Solving Courts  Justice for the Twenty First Century  PDF

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Author: Paul C. Higgins
Publisher: Praeger
ISBN: 0313352852
Size: 57.93 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 199
View: 7012


The new trend in problem-solving courts—specialized courts utilized to address crimes not adequately addressed by the standard criminal justice system—is examined in this thorough and insight-filled book.

Problem Solving Courts Criminal Justice And The International Gold Standard

Problem solving Courts  Criminal Justice  and the International Gold Standard PDF

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Author: Anna Grace Kawalek
Publisher:
ISBN: 9780367466107
Size: 65.82 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 204
View: 1639


"From an international perspective, this book presents findings from a process evaluation carried out at a problem-solving court located in England: Manchester Review Court. Unlike the widely documented successes of similar international problem-solving courts, there is no detail of this court in the accessible literature, not in any policy document, nor is there a court handbook or website outlining objectives and expected practice. In adopting the seminal 'wine' and 'bottle' analytical framework propounded by therapeutic jurisprudence scholars, and by carrying out a detailed comparative analysis comparing Manchester Review Court to successful international models, the original empirical data brings clarity to a significantly overlooked area. It uses the ten key drug court components an international yardstick to discuss areas of good practice, whilst enabling a drug court fidelity analysis of this court and the forerunning English and Welsh drug courts, which were established during the early 2000s, but then shortly fell by the wayside without satisfactory explanation. Findings shed new light on the causes of the drug court downfalls pending recent calls to roll-out a fresh suite of problem-solving courts. In light of the international evidence base and the national problems, the book proposes a renewed, UK-specific, fidelity matrix to forge the impetus for new practice in this area, whilst accounting for past failures and acknowledging current issues. Therefore, it not only breaks new ground by advancing knowledge of a significantly uncharted area but provides important inroads for helping policymakers with their strategies in tackling recidivism, addiction, victimisation, and austerity, as widespread social and human issues currently facing Manchester and the UK through justice innovation"--

Problem Solving Courts

Problem Solving Courts PDF

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Author: Winston P. Bethel
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 44.52 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Judges
Languages : en
Pages : 148
View: 7459



Reducing Crime Reducing Incarceration

Reducing Crime  Reducing Incarceration PDF

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Author: Greg Berman
Publisher: Quid Pro Books
ISBN: 1610272129
Size: 78.30 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 178
View: 6385


A new collection of compelling and challenging essays from one of the nation's leading voices on criminal justice reform, Reducing Crime, Reducing Incarceration makes the argument that sometimes small changes on the ground can add up to big improvements in the criminal justice system. How do you launch a new criminal justice reform? How do you measure impact? Is it possible to spread new practices to resistant audiences? And what’s the point of small-bore experimentation anyway? Greg Berman answers these questions by telling the story of successful experiments like the Red Hook Community Justice Center in Brooklyn and by detailing the challenges of implementing new ideas within the criminal justice system. As Laurie Robinson, a professor at George Mason University, writes in her introduction: “Berman offers vivid testimony that—even in the face of opposition—it is, in fact, possible to push our criminal justice system closer to realizing its highest ideals. And that, indeed, is good news.” Other experts share their opinions: “The central insight of Reducing Crime, Reducing Incarceration is that small tweaks in practice within the criminal justice system can sometimes lead to big change on the streets. By telling the story of the Red Hook Community Justice Center and similar innovations, Greg Berman offers a hopeful message: criminal justice reform at the local level can make a difference.” — James B. Jacobs Warren E. Burger Professor of Law, New York University School of Law “Innovation is hard work.... Berman offers a look at how change happens at the local level—and how, sometimes, it doesn't. These well-written essays offer a compelling vision of both the challenges and opportunities of criminal justice reform.” — Nicholas Turner President, Vera Institute of Justice “The topic of criminal justice reform has challenged and bedeviled social thinkers for centuries. In this book, Berman offers a clear-eyed and inventive approach to the problem. Recognizing that change is best achieved at the local level with small, incremental steps using demonstration projects, Berman provides concrete examples of both successes and failures stemming from the work of the Center for Court Innovation over the last two decades. For anyone interested in the future of criminal justice, this book should be on the top of the 'must read' list.” — John H. Laub Distinguished University Professor, Department of Criminology and Criminal Justice, University of Maryland, College Park “Here you will find Berman's compelling case for community justice, along with classic readings on problem-solving courts. Berman writes like all the rest of us wish we did....” — Candace McCoy The Graduate Center and John Jay College< City University of New York Presented in print and digital formats in the Contemporary Society Series by Quid Pro Books, the ebook edition uses proper formatting, linked notes, active URLS in notes, and active Contents.

America S Courts And The Criminal Justice System

America s Courts and the Criminal Justice System PDF

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Author: David W. Neubauer
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 1305446100
Size: 52.36 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Education
Languages : en
Pages : 648
View: 5781


The premier choice for Courts courses for decades, this popular text offers a comprehensive explanation of the courts and the criminal justice system, presented in a streamlined, straightforward manner that appeals to instructors and students alike. Neubauer and Fradella's crisp and clear writing, characterized by the organization of material into brief sections within chapters, ensures that readers gain a firm handle on the material. At the same time, the text's innovative courtroom workhouse model -- which focuses on the interrelationships among the judge, prosecutor, and defense attorney -- brings the courtroom to life. AMERICA'S COURTS AND THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM has long been known for the way it gives students an accurate glimpse of what it is like to work within the American criminal justice system, and the Twelfth Edition is no exception. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Criminal Courts And Mental Illness

Criminal Courts and Mental Illness PDF

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Author:
Publisher:
ISBN: 9780455238890
Size: 42.60 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category :
Languages : en
Pages :
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Healing Criminal Justice

Healing Criminal Justice PDF

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Author: Tauber Jeffrey
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781938808531
Size: 31.43 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Biography & Autobiography
Languages : en
Pages : 240
View: 6532


In Healing Criminal Justice, Judge Tauber paints a picture of how community can impact our conception of crime, criminals, and drug offenders in particular. He points to his own development as a musician and traveler as an important preset to his understanding of the vital role of community in the criminal justice system.Finally, he lays out his vision of a future where problem-solving courts based on the successful drug court model, reshape the court system, how the courts and judges see their role, and how society can return to a reliance on community, rather than an over-reliance on imprisonment as the greatest of crime fighters. Judge Tauber has written extensively on court-ordered rehabilitation systems and drug policy, including the first drug court manual published in the nation, Drug Courts: A Judicial Manual.

Legal Accents Legal Borrowing

Legal Accents  Legal Borrowing PDF

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Author: James L. Nolan Jr.
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400830796
Size: 42.39 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 264
View: 1355


A wide variety of problem-solving courts have been developed in the United States over the past two decades and are now being adopted in countries around the world. These innovative courts--including drug courts, community courts, domestic violence courts, and mental health courts--do not simply adjudicate offenders. Rather, they attempt to solve the problems underlying such criminal behaviors as petty theft, prostitution, and drug offenses. Legal Accents, Legal Borrowing is a study of the international problem-solving court movement and the first comparative analysis of the development of these courts in the United States and the other countries where the movement is most advanced: England, Scotland, Ireland, Canada, and Australia. Looking at the various ways in which problem-solving courts have been taken up in these countries, James Nolan finds that while importers often see themselves as adapting the American courts to suit local conditions, they may actually be taking in more aspects of American law and culture than they realize or desire. In the countries that adopt them, problem-solving courts may in fact fundamentally challenge traditional ideas about justice. Based on ethnographic research in all six countries, the book examines these cases of legal borrowing for what they reveal about legal and cultural differences, the inextricable tie between law and culture, the processes of globalization, the unique but contested global role of the United States, and the changing face of law and justice around the world.

Transforming Criminal Justice

Transforming Criminal Justice  PDF

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Author: Jane Donoghue
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9780203670651
Size: 69.49 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 192
View: 6884


Why is punishment not more effective? Why do we have such high re-offending rates? How can we deal with crime and criminals in a more cost-effective way? Over the last decade in particular, the United Kingdom, in common with other jurisdictions such as Canada, the United States (US) and Australia, has sought to develop more effective ways of responding to criminal behaviour through court reforms designed to address specific manifestations of crime. Strongly influenced by developments in US court specialization, problem-solving and specialist courts - including domestic violence courts, drugs courts, community courts, and mental health courts - have proliferated in Britain over the last few years. These courts operate at the intersection of criminal law and social policy and appear to challenge much of the traditional model of court practice. In addition, policy makers and practitioners have made significant attempts to try to embed problem-solving approaches into the criminal justice system more widely. Through examination of original data gathered from detailed interviews with judges, magistrates and other key criminal justice professionals in England and Wales, as well as analysis of legislative and policy interventions, this book discusses the impact of the creation and development of court specialization and problem-solving justice. This book will be essential reading for students and academics in the fields of criminology, criminal justice, criminal law, socio-legal studies and sociology, as well as for criminal justice practitioners and policy-makers.

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