Pragmatism And The Origins Of The Policy Sciences

Pragmatism and the Origins of the Policy Sciences PDF Book Detail:
Author: William N. Dunn
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1108583520
Size: 56.31 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages :
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Book Description: An examination of the origins of the policy sciences in the School of Pragmatism at the University of Chicago in the period 1915-1938. Harold D. Lasswell, the principal creator of the policy sciences, based much of his work on the perspectives of public policy of John Dewey and other pragmatists at Chicago. Characteristics of the policy sciences include orientations that are normative, policy-relevant, contextual, and multi-disciplinary. These orientations originate in pragmatist principles of the unity of knowledge and action and functionalist explanations of action by reference to values. These principles are central to the future development of the policy sciences.

A Pragmatist Orientation For The Social Sciences In Climate Policy

A Pragmatist Orientation for the Social Sciences in Climate Policy PDF Book Detail:
Author: Martin Kowarsch
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319432818
Size: 32.50 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 326
View: 5862

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Book Description: While economic and other social science expertise is indispensable for successful public policy-making regarding global climate change, social scientists face trade-offs between the scientific credibility, policy-relevance, and legitimacy of their policy advice. From a philosophical perspective, this book systematically addresses these trade-offs and other crucial challenges facing the integrated economic assessments of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). Based on John Dewey’s pragmatist philosophy and an analysis of the value-laden nature and reliability of climate change economics, the book develops a refined science-policy model and specific guidelines for these assessments of climate policy options. The core idea is to scientifically explore the various practical implications of alternative climate policy pathways in an interdisciplinary manner, together with diverse stakeholders. This could facilitate an iterative, deliberative public learning process concerning disputed policy issues. This volume makes novel contributions to three strands of the literature: (1) the philosophy of (social) science in policy; (2) the philosophy of economics; and (3) debates about the design of scientific assessments, including the continuous IPCC reform debate. This work is thus interesting for philosophers and other scholars reflecting on the science-policy interface, but also for assessment practitioners, climate policy-makers, and economists. The science-policy approach developed in this volume has already influenced the recent socio-economic IPCC assessment.

John Dewey

John Dewey PDF Book Detail:
Author: Larry A. Hickman
Publisher: Waxmann Verlag Gmbh
ISBN: 9783830914068
Size: 43.87 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Constructivism (Philosophy)
Languages : de
Pages : 215
View: 3505

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Book Description: Der Interaktionistische oder Kölner Konstruktivismus hat sich mittlerweile zu einem klar ab-grenzbaren Ansatz innerhalb der breit gefächerten konstruktivistischen Theoriebildung entwickelt. Er zeichnet sich insbesondere durch seine starke kulturtheoretische Begründung aus, welche bewusst die Anschlussfähigkeit an nicht explizit konstruktivistische Ansätze der Wissenschafts- und Kulturgeschichte zu wahren versucht. Aus der Reihe dieser Ansätze stellt der amerikanische Denker John Dewey, einer der zentralen Begründer des philosophischen Pragmatismus, eine der wichtigsten Quellen erkenntniskritischen Denkens dar. Umso unverständlicher muss es erscheinen, dass das umfangreiche Werk Deweys in der deutschen philosophischen Diskussion bis in die jüngste Vergangenheit hinein kaum Beachtung fand. Die Beiträge dieses Bandes sind aus einer deutsch-amerikanischen Tagung, welche im Dezember 2001 an der Universität zu Köln stattfand, entstanden. Sie sollen die vielfältigen Bezüge zwischen Deweys Pragmatismus und Konstruktivismus aufzeigen. Die Beiträge diskutieren die Relevanz und Aktualität von Deweys Schriften im Blick auf ausgewählte Grundfragen beider Denkschulen und eröffnen dabei neue Perspektiven für eine breiter angelegte Wahrnehmung des Werkes John Deweys auch im deutschsprachigen Raum. Die Aufsätze bieten zudem eine Fülle von Anknüpfungspunkten für verschiedene Disziplinen wie Philosophie, Pädagogik, Soziologie oder Politische Theorie.

Paradigms Of Peace

Paradigms of Peace PDF Book Detail:
Author: Timo Kivimäki
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 1783269464
Size: 27.78 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 268
View: 6023

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Book Description: Knowledge can create peaceful realities in addition to serving as an intellectual tool for peace-making. This is why pragmatist assessment of social science should avoid looking exclusively at the instrumental value of different paradigms. This book investigates the realities that positivism, anti-determinism, symbolic interactionism, social constructivism and critical theory create, and the tools they offer for a peace researcher and a peace practitioner. In essence, Paradigms of Peace looks at what social science can give to the humanity's search for peace and then offers an agenda for peace research. Using constructivist pragmatist metatheory to guide the assessment of the merits of different social science approaches to peace, this book suggests completely new ways of looking at the theory of peace and war. Difficult theoretical and philosophical constructs are presented but always supplemented with real-life examples, making it practical and relevant to both a research and policy-making level. Perfect for students and professionals of international relations, political science, peace and reconciliation studies, conflict and war studies and history. Contents: IntroductionClassical and Constructivist PragmatismPositivism: Social Engineering of PeaceToward a Social Science of PeaceInterpretations as a Conflict RealitySocial Construction of Structures of Peace and ConflictCritical Approaches and PeaceIntellectual Opportunities for the Creation of a Less Violent WorldConclusions and Missions for Pragmatist Peace Research Readership: Students and professionals of International Relations, Political Science, Peace and Reconciliation Studies, Conflict and War Studies and Historians.

Encyclopedia Of Philosophy

Encyclopedia of Philosophy PDF Book Detail:
Author: Donald M. Borchert
Publisher: Thomson Gale/MacMillan Reference USA
ISBN: 9780028657899
Size: 61.14 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Electronic books
Languages : en
Pages : 889
View: 4050

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Book Description: This volume, covering entries from "Shaftesbury, Third Earl of" to "Zubiri, Xavier," presents articles on Eastern and Western philosophies, medical and scientific ethics, the Holocaust, terrorism, censorship, biographical entries, and much more.

Encyclopedia Of Law And Society

Encyclopedia of Law and Society PDF Book Detail:
Author: David S. Clark
Publisher: SAGE Publications, Incorporated
ISBN: 9780761923879
Size: 44.14 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 1808
View: 5263

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Book Description: The Encyclopedia of Law and Society is the largest comprehensive and international treatment of the law and society field. With an Advisory Board of 62 members from 20 countries and six continents, the three volumes of this state-of-the-art resource represent interdisciplinary perspectives on law from sociology, criminology, cultural anthropology, political science, social psychology, and economics. By globalizing the Encyclopedia's coverage, American and international law and society will be better understood within its historical and comparative context.

How American Politics Works

How American Politics Works PDF Book Detail:
Author: Richard J. Gelm
Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
ISBN: 1443808814
Size: 49.23 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 225
View: 6321

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Book Description: American politics is criticized and belittled by media critics and the public, yet the system is held out as a model for the world. The paradox of this simultaneous cynicism and adulation is rooted in the conflict between the human motives that drive politics. Crisply and clearly written with numerous historical examples, How American Politics Works explains the complex and sometimes confusing American political system in a vibrant and accessible light. Documented with recent and historical scholarship presented clearly in laymen’s terms, How American Politics Works explores the multiple dimensions of politics and the source of Americans’ disillusionment with their government through the “four Ps”: Philosophy, Pragmatism, Personality and Profit. Philosophical and moral principles underpin the key political institutions in America, but values are challenged in the quest to achieve workable political solutions. Policy is rarely made to conform to lofty principles alone. It often results from short-term incremental compromise, driven by people in pursuit of the public good and their own personal self-interest and profit. How American Politics Works explains the inner workings of the American political system, including the power of ideas, political compromise, powerful personalities and the preeminent position of money. While Americans’ high ideals are often illusive in the rough and tumble of political battles, and the public’s trust is bruised with every political scandal, balancing idealism and individual virtue with ambition and self-interest is the dynamic and safeguard of American politics. How American Politics Works offers a comprehensive presentation of the realities, challenges and possibilities of the American political system to bring an understanding, fascination and dedication to the wider public.

Foreign Policies Of The Major Powers

Foreign Policies of the Major Powers PDF Book Detail:
Author: Lloyd Pettiford
Size: 20.73 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : International relations
Languages : en
Pages : 430
View: 7384

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Book Description: For those who need a rapid yet thorough understanding of the foreign policies of the major powers, these volumes - which cover the USA, Soviet Union and present-day Russia, China, Japan and the EU - form a comprehensive account of the major debates and developments of the world's major powers.

Backroads Pragmatists

Backroads Pragmatists PDF Book Detail:
Author: Ruben Flores
Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press
ISBN: 0812246209
Size: 20.78 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 360
View: 7365

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Book Description: Like the United States, Mexico is a country of profound cultural differences. In the aftermath of the Mexican Revolution (1910-20), these differences became the subject of intense government attention as the Republic of Mexico developed ambitious social and educational policies designed to integrate its multitude of ethnic cultures into a national community of democratic citizens. To the north, Americans were beginning to confront their own legacy of racial injustice, embarking on the path that, three decades later, led to the destruction of Jim Crow. Backroads Pragmatists is the first book to show the transnational cross-fertilization between these two movements. In molding Mexico's ambitious social experiment, postrevolutionary reformers adopted pragmatism from John Dewey and cultural relativism from Franz Boas, which, in turn, profoundly shaped some of the critical intellectual figures in the Mexican American civil rights movement. The Americans Ruben Flores follows studied Mexico's integration theories and applied them to America's own problem, holding Mexico up as a model of cultural fusion. These American reformers made the American West their laboratory in endeavors that included educator George I. Sanchez's attempts to transform New Mexico's government agencies, the rural education campaigns that psychologist Loyd Tireman adapted from the Mexican ministry of education, and anthropologist Ralph L. Beals's use of applied Mexican anthropology in the U.S. federal courts to transform segregation policy in southern California. Through deep archival research and ambitious synthesis, Backroads Pragmatists illuminates how nation-building in postrevolutionary Mexico unmistakably influenced the civil rights movement and democratic politics in the United States. Published in cooperation with the William P. Clements Center for Southwest Studies at Southern Methodist University.

Adaptive Governance And Climate Change

Adaptive Governance and Climate Change PDF Book Detail:
Author: Ronald Brunner
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 193570401X
Size: 49.40 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 424
View: 6100

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Book Description: As greenhouse gas emissions and temperatures at the poles continue to rise, so do damages from extreme weather events affecting countless lives. Meanwhile, ambitious international efforts to cut emissions (Kyoto, Copenhagen) have proved to be politically ineffective or infeasible. There is hope, however, in adaptive governance—an approach that has succeeded in some local communities and can be undertaken by others around the globe. This book provides a political and historical analysis of climate change policy; shows how adaptive governance has worked on the ground in Barrow, Alaska, and other local communities; and makes the case for adaptive governance as a complementary approach in the climate change regime.