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Personality And Environmental Behavior

Personality and Environmental Behavior PDF

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Author: Michelle Ranae Alcorn
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 79.50 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category :
Languages : en
Pages :
View: 5286


As restaurants continue to be a major contributor to the economy, operations continue to negatively impact the environment. Within the industry, sustainability initiatives are becoming more popular, however, success depends on the buy-in of employees. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between and impact of personality traits on environmentalism of restaurant employees. By detecting personality traits associated with environmentalism, a better understanding of environmental behavior is obtained. This understanding can be used to motivate pro-environmental behaviors of employees by tailoring sustainability programs to appeal to different personalities. Employees working in green certified and non-certified restaurants completed a 95-item questionnaire measuring environmental attitude, personal conservation behavior, on-the-job environmental behavior, personality, and demographics. Data collection was completed using three methods: on-site, mailed questionnaires, and online. A total of 229 questionnaires were completed. A significant relationship existed between personality and environmentalism. Specifically, personality was a significant predictor of environmental attitude, personal conservation behavior, and on-the-job environmental behavior. Employees working in green certified restaurant operations had significantly higher levels of agreeableness, conscientiousness, extraversion, openness, environmental attitude, personal conservation behavior, and on-the-job environmental behavior and lower levels of neuroticism than employees working in non-certified restaurant operations. Findings from this study contribute to understanding the factors that impact environmental behavior. Potential environmental champions can be identified by their personality traits and encourage other employees to perform green practices. Furthermore, recruitment of employees exhibiting these pro-environmental traits could increase environmental performance in restaurant operations. Additionally, training and educational programs could be formatted based on the differences among personality traits to elicit pro-environmental behaviors of employees.

Genes And Environment In Personality Development

Genes and Environment in Personality Development PDF

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Author: John C. Loehlin
Publisher: SAGE Publications, Incorporated
ISBN:
Size: 60.39 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 145
View: 3054


Intriguing information about twins, adoptions and other family relationships is offered in this volume, which explores how genes and environment act jointly to create individual differences in temperament and personality. Loehlin examines the relative contributions of genes and environment to major dimensions of personality and to personality change over time, and discusses how genotype-environment findings for personality compare with neighbouring trait domains such as ability. The book concludes with an analysis of how research results on individual personality variation relate to evolutionary views about human nature.

The Oxford Handbook Of Environmental And Conservation Psychology

The Oxford Handbook of Environmental and Conservation Psychology PDF

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Author: Susan D. Clayton
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199733023
Size: 24.32 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 700
View: 6821


This handbook brings together contributions from experts in environmental and/or conservation psychology to review the current state of research. In addition to summarizing current knowledge, it provides an understanding of the relationship between environmental and conservation psychology, and of the directions in which these interdependent areas of study are heading.

Does Personality Mediate The Relationship Between Sex And Environmentalism

Does Personality Mediate the Relationship Between Sex and Environmentalism  PDF

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Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 39.18 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Attitude (Psychology)
Languages : en
Pages : 202
View: 4031


The finding that females hold more pro-environmental attitudes and engage in more conservation behavior, relative to males, is one of the most robust effects in the field of environmental psychology. Yet sparse research has attempted to understand why males are less pro-environmental than females. In three studies, the present thesis tested the hypothesis that sex differences in personality account for sex (Studies 1-3) and gender (Study 3) differences in both pro-environmental attitudes and behavior. Results from Study 1 demonstrated that conscientiousness mediated links between sex and attitudes toward environmental utilization,protectionism, and conservation behavior in an undergraduate sample. Results from Study 2 using a community sample demonstrated that conscientiousness, agreeableness, and neuroticism mediated the link between sex and environmental protectionism. Study 3 replicated the mediating effect of conscientiousness on sex differences in environmental behavior using the HEXACO model and extended this finding beyond biological sex to gender differences. Taken together, results suggest that core differences in personality traits partially explain sex and gender differences in environmentalism, offering new insight into how to potentially promote increased pro-environmental action among men.

Conceptualizing Environmental Citizenship For 21st Century Education

Conceptualizing Environmental Citizenship for 21st Century Education PDF

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Author: Andreas Ch Hadjichambis
Publisher: Springer Nature
ISBN: 3030202496
Size: 77.47 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Electronic books
Languages : en
Pages : 261
View: 1816


This open access book is about the development of a common understanding of environmental citizenship. It conceptualizes and frames environmental citizenship taking an educational perspective. Organized in four complementary parts, the book first explains the political, economic and societal dimensions of the concept. Next, it examines environmental citizenship as a psychological concept with a specific focus on knowledge, values, beliefs and attitudes. It then explores environmental citizenship within the context of environmental education and education for sustainability. It elaborates responsible environmental behaviour, youth activism and education for sustainability through the lens of environmental citizenship. Finally, it discusses the concept within the context of different educational levels, such as primary and secondary education in formal and non-formal settings. Environmental citizenship is a key factor in sustainability, green and cycle economy, and low-carbon society, and an important aspect in addressing global environmental problems. It has been an influential concept in many different arenas such as economy, policy, philosophy, and organizational marketing. In the field of education, the concept could be better exploited and established, however. Education and, especially, environmental discourses in science education have a great deal to contribute to the adoption and promotion of environmental citizenship.

Angewandte Psychologie

Angewandte Psychologie PDF

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Author: Daniel Süss
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3662584093
Size: 65.49 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Psychology
Languages : de
Pages : 174
View: 6151


Dieses aktuelle und zukunftsweisende Fachbuch zeigt aus einer Perspektive der humanistischen und positiven Psychologie auf, welche Beiträge die Angewandte Psychologie zu einer humanen und nachhaltigen Gesellschaft leisten kann. Denn menschenwürdig ist eine Gesellschaft dann, wenn Menschen darin aufblühen können, Organisationen und Institutionen immer auch dem Gemeinwohl dienen und die natürlichen Ressourcen nachhaltig gepflegt werden. Gleichzeitig dient dieses Werk als Festschrift zum 60. Geburtstag von Prof. Dr. Christoph Steinebach. Zielgruppen: Professionals und an dieser Thematik interessierte Laien. Zu den Herausgebern: Prof. Dr. Daniel Süss ist Leiter des Psychologischen Instituts, und Prof. Dr. Christoph Negri ist Leiter des IAP Institut für Angewandte Psychologie an der ZHAW - Zürcher Hochschule für Angewandte Wissenschaften.

Behavior Genetics Of Temperament And Personality

Behavior Genetics of Temperament and Personality PDF

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Author: Kimberly J. Saudino
Publisher: Springer Nature
ISBN: 1071609335
Size: 57.88 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 353
View: 5188


This volume examines behavioral genetic research on temperament and personality from a number of perspectives. It takes a developmental perspective on a number of issues across the lifespan, focusing on personality and temperament. The first section focuses on the development of temperament and personality. Typically this has involved exploring genetic and environmental contributions to phenotypic stability and instability, but more recently there has been research that examines the etiology of intra-individual change/growth trajectories. The second section examines genetic and environmental contributions to the association between temperament and personality and other behaviors. The third and fourth sections discuss genotype-environment correlations and interactions, and introduces the reader to molecular genetics research on temperament and personality. Chapter 11 will discuss the significance of this type of research and Chapter 12 will provide an example of specific line of research exploring genes associated with temperament.​

Advances In Soft Computing

Advances in Soft Computing PDF

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Author: Lourdes Martínez-Villaseñor
Publisher: Springer Nature
ISBN: 3030337499
Size: 76.26 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 755
View: 7606


This volume constitutes the proceedings of the 18th Mexican Conference on Artificial Intelligence, MICAI 2019, held in Xalapa, Mexico, in October/November 2019. The 59 full papers presented in this volume were carefully reviewed and selected from 148 submissions. They cover topics such as: machine learning; optimization and planning; fuzzy systems, reasoning and intelligent applications; and vision and robotics.

Personality In Nonhuman Animals

Personality in Nonhuman Animals PDF

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Author: Jennifer Vonk
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319593005
Size: 76.47 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 326
View: 3514


This stimulating and comprehensive collection brings together multiple perspectives on the topic of personality in nonhuman animals—linking historical perspectives, theoretical approaches, methods, and cutting-edge discoveries. Experts from various fields describe their findings on species ranging from dogs, cats, chimpanzees, and dolphins to sharks, snakes, and other reptiles. Chapters not only discuss the evolution of personality, but also describe potential applications within the areas of animal-human interactions, animal ethics and welfare, conservation science, and other areas. A key focus is the role of genetics and the environment in determining animal behavior and personality, including related traits, such as creativity and boredom. These chapters present the study of personality in nonhumans as a means by which we can better understand medical and psychological issues specific to our own species as well. Chapters include: · Exploring factor space (and other adventures) with the Hominoid Personality Questionnaire · The quantitative and molecular genetics of individual differences in animal personality · Personality, temperament and individuality in reptile behavior · What do we want to know about personality in marine mammals? · Individual differences in nonhuman animals: examining boredom, curiosity, and creativity · The interplay between animal personality and foraging ecology Taking significant steps in advancing the study of animal personality, Personality in Nonhuman Animals will engage personality psychologists, comparative psychologists, and behavior ecologists as well as conservationists, zookeepers, livestock managers, and all those interested in the brain and behavior of animals.

Behavior Genetics Of Temperament And Personality

Behavior Genetics of Temperament and Personality PDF

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Author: Kimberly J. Saudino
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9781071609316
Size: 58.60 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 353
View: 1786


This volume examines behavioral genetic research on temperament and personality from a number of perspectives. It takes a developmental perspective on a number of issues across the lifespan, focusing on personality and temperament. The first section focuses on the development of temperament and personality. Typically this has involved exploring genetic and environmental contributions to phenotypic stability and instability, but more recently there has been research that examines the etiology of intra-individual change/growth trajectories. The second section examines genetic and environmental contributions to the association between temperament and personality and other behaviors. The third and fourth sections discuss genotype-environment correlations and interactions, and introduces the reader to molecular genetics research on temperament and personality. Chapter 11 will discuss the significance of this type of research and Chapter 12 will provide an example of specific line of research exploring genes associated with temperament.​

Heredity Environment And Personality

Heredity  Environment  and Personality PDF

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Author: John C. Loehlin
Publisher: University of Texas Press
ISBN: 1477302794
Size: 19.91 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 214
View: 1073


This volume reports on a study of 850 pairs of twins who were tested to determine the influence of heredity and environment on individual differences in personality, ability, and interests. It presents the background, research design, and procedures of the study, a complete tabulation of the test results, and the authors’ extensive analysis of their findings. Based on one of the largest studies of twin behavior conducted in the twentieth century, the book challenges a number of traditional beliefs about genetic and environmental contributions to personality development. The subjects were chosen from participants in the National Merit Scholarship Qualifying Test of 1962 and were mailed a battery of personality and interest questionnaires. In addition, parents of the twins were sent questionnaires asking about the twins’ early experiences. A similar sample of nontwin students who had taken the merit exam provided a comparison group. The questions investigated included how twins are similar to or different from nontwins, how identical twins are similar to or different from fraternal twins, how the personalities and interests of twins reflect genetic factors, how the personalities and interests of twins reflect early environmental factors, and what implications these questions have for the general issue of how heredity and environment influence the development of psychological characteristics. In attempting to answer these questions, the authors shed light on the importance of both genes and environment and form the basis for different approaches in behavior genetic research.

Environmental Concern Personal Attitudes And Behavior Toward Environmental Problems

Environmental Concern  Personal Attitudes and Behavior Toward Environmental Problems PDF

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Author: Arvin Murch
Publisher: Mss Information Corporation
ISBN:
Size: 29.17 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Environmental protection
Languages : en
Pages : 378
View: 1195



Motivation Und Handeln

Motivation und Handeln PDF

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Author: Jutta Heckhausen
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3662539276
Size: 59.32 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Psychology
Languages : de
Pages : 648
View: 6455


Das Standardwerk der Motivationspsychologie liefert einen umfassenden Überblick über den aktuellen Stand der Motivationsforschung. Die 4. Auflage wurde überarbeitet und um ein Kapitel zu evolutions- und biopsychologischen Aspekten ergänzt. Modelle, Theorien und die Übersicht über empirische Arbeiten wurden aktualisiert. Kapitelzusammenfassungen, Anwendungsbeispiele sowie Fragen und Antworten zur Wissensüberprüfung erleichtern das Lesen und Lernen für die Prüfung. Die begleitende Website bietet Lerntools für Studierende und Foliensätze für Dozenten.

The Applied Psychology Of Sustainability

The Applied Psychology of Sustainability PDF

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Author: Robert G. Jones
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 0429948735
Size: 70.10 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 436
View: 2285


Why doesn’t everyone see sustainability as a huge issue? Why don’t people think more carefully before making choices? What will it take for people to change? Examining the many psychological factors that lead to human behavioral effects on the environment, this book answers these questions definitively and provides practical guidance for approaches that have been used to successfully stimulate change. The Applied Psychology of Sustainability provides an extensive, integrated definition of the processes that lead to climatic, ecological, and socio-economic results: It defines a Psychology of Sustainability. Each chapter applies elements from the core research areas of cognitive, social, and developmental psychology into the context of criteria specific to sustainability. Comprehensively updated to embrace great change in the field, this new edition expands on critical issues yet maintains its strong foundation that the psychology of decisions is the essential precursor to sustainability and that these decisions should be treated as the primary target of change. Throughout the book, readers will find new ways of framing questions related to human adaptability and evolutionary psychology. The Applied Psychology of Sustainability is essential reading for students and professionals in a range of disciplines who wish to contribute to this crucial conversation.

Personality And The Foundations Of Political Behavior

Personality and the Foundations of Political Behavior PDF

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Author: Jeffery J. Mondak
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521140951
Size: 69.30 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 227
View: 7354


"When virtually all of his colleagues were still treating individual-level political traits as isolated phenomena, Jeffery Mondak realized they were in fact intimately connected to larger life forces such as broad personality traits. This original and remarkably creative book makes it clear that the future of research on personality and politics lies not in shallow, speculative Freudian case studies but in objective, rigorous, large-N analyses. Research at the nexus of personality and politics is starting to gain momentum, thanks largely to Mondak's leadership, and if this book does not significantly enhance that momentum by providing an empirical framework and by stimulating numerous new data-based studies, I will be both surprised and bitterly disappointed."---John R. Hibbing, University of Nebraska-Lincoln "Mondak argues persuasively that traits shape political behavior. He provides an accurate and balanced account of recent progress in personality research and illustrates its application in his own work. This book - which should be read by sociologists, historians, and journalists as well as political scientists-is an important step in the integration of the social sciences."---Robert McCrae, author of Personality in Adulthood: A Five-Factor Theory Perspective

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