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India Votes

India Votes PDF

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Author: Harold A Gould
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 042972277X
Size: 36.80 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 480
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Within a scant eighteen-month span, India held two national elections. The first, in November 1989, witnessed the political demise of Rajiv Gandhi and the precipitous decline of his Congress Party. The second, in May 1991, witnessed his assassination at the hands of Tamil Tiger extremists just as the Congress Party seemed poised on the threshold of

Minority Governments In India

Minority Governments in India PDF

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Author: Csaba Nikolenyi
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135211493
Size: 73.17 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 192
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India's national parliamentary elections typically result in the election of majority parliaments and the formation of a single-party majority government. However, India’s national party system has changed beyond recognition since the parliamentary elections of 1989. The Congress Party has lost its dominant party status; the number of political parties that contest elections, win seats in parliament and gain cabinet portfolios have increased; minority governments and cabinet instability have become regular features of parliamentary politics. This book addresses each of these aspects of party system transformation in India by applying the analytical techniques of rational and social choice theory. Challenging conventional wisdom, the book argues that the number of parties in India has increased as a result of the unexpected consequences of the constitutional amendment of 1985 that was conceived to curtail party defections. Although the Congress Party no longer dominates the new multi-party system, it still retains a pivotal role in deciding which coalitions may form viable and stable minority government. The Indian case study is theoretically driven and it is readily comparable with other parliamentary federations where minority governments are often formed, such as Canada, and the book finds that these processes are also present in the sub-national party systems of the states, however, with greater variation.

Coalition Politics In India

Coalition Politics in India PDF

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Author: Mahendra Prasad Singh
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 43.54 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Coalition government
Languages : en
Pages : 338
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With The Replacement Of The Dominant Party System In India, Minority And/Or Coalition Governments In New Delhi Have Become The Order Of The Day. The Fifteen Papers In This Book Analyse The Various Dimensions Of Coalition Government At The Centre And In Some Of The State Of The Indian Federation Against The Background Of A Theoretical Framework That Seeks To Integrate Coalitions Among Parties, Castes And Communities And Tribes, As Well As Classes At Electoral, Parliamentary, And Cabinet Levels.

Coalition Government And Politics In India

Coalition Government and Politics in India PDF

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Author: Subhash C. Kashyap
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 36.32 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : India
Languages : en
Pages : 146
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Minority Governments In India

Minority Governments in India PDF

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Author: Csaba Nikolenyi
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135211485
Size: 40.17 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 192
View: 2896


India's national parliamentary elections typically result in the election of majority parliaments and the formation of a single-party majority government. However, India’s national party system has changed beyond recognition since the parliamentary elections of 1989. The Congress Party has lost its dominant party status; the number of political parties that contest elections, win seats in parliament and gain cabinet portfolios have increased; minority governments and cabinet instability have become regular features of parliamentary politics. This book addresses each of these aspects of party system transformation in India by applying the analytical techniques of rational and social choice theory. Challenging conventional wisdom, the book argues that the number of parties in India has increased as a result of the unexpected consequences of the constitutional amendment of 1985 that was conceived to curtail party defections. Although the Congress Party no longer dominates the new multi-party system, it still retains a pivotal role in deciding which coalitions may form viable and stable minority government. The Indian case study is theoretically driven and it is readily comparable with other parliamentary federations where minority governments are often formed, such as Canada, and the book finds that these processes are also present in the sub-national party systems of the states, however, with greater variation.

Institutional Design And Party Government In Post Communist Europe

Institutional Design and Party Government in Post Communist Europe PDF

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Author: Csaba Nikolenyi
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191662798
Size: 31.85 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 256
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This books examines the institutional foundations of coalition government in the ten post-communist democracies of Eastern and Central Europe for the 1990-2010 period: Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, and Slovenia. Its central argument is that differences in the arrangement of political institutions systematically explain variations in patterns of multi-party government across these states. The book starts with the premise that electoral systems and constitutional provisions about the powers, the structure, and the relationship between parliament and the presidency determine the degree to which political power is dispersed or concentrated in the political system. On the basis of these institutional features, three groups of states are distinguished with regard to their degree of power concentration; the substantive chapters of the book demonstrate how these institutional combinations and differences shape three specific facets of party government which capture the main stages of the lifecycle of coalitions governments: the formation of electoral coalitions, government formation and government duration. Specifically, three comparative chapters assess the impact of institutional power concentration on the size of electoral coalitions; the likelihood that political parties form a minority government; and the number of days that a government lasts in office. The main finding of the book is that power concentration matters: political parties in those democracies where institutions are designed to concentrate political power tend to form large electoral coalitions, they tend to form majority rather than undersized governments, and they build more durable cabinets. In addition, the book contains a detailed case study of government formation in Hungary and a previously unstudied comparison of indirect presidential elections in four states: the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary and Latvia. Comparative Politics is a series for students, teachers, and researchers of political science that deals with contemporary government and politics. Global in scope, books in the series are characterised by a stress on comparative analysis and strong methodological rigour. The series is published in association with the European Consortium for Political Research. For more information visit: www.ecprnet.eu.

Coalition Governments In India

Coalition Governments in India PDF

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Author: Kotta P. Karunakaran
Publisher: Simla : Indian Institute of Advanced Study
ISBN:
Size: 71.88 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : India
Languages : en
Pages : 457
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Why Minority Governments Work

Why Minority Governments Work PDF

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Author: Bonnie N. Field
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137559802
Size: 58.28 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 261
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This book is an examination of minority government performance in conjunction with the territorial distribution of state power and the territorial interests of political parties. It examines political institutions, and the reconcilability of party goals and the contingent bargaining circumstances, in multilevel and territorial perspectives.

Presidential Legislation In India

Presidential Legislation in India PDF

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Author: Shubhankar Dam
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107039711
Size: 73.55 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 259
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"The legislative process in India's parliamentary system, like elsewhere, is a shared exercise: the executive and the legislature partake in it. Ordinarily, proposals for legislation originate in the cabinet. If the cabinet decides that a law is necessary, a bill is drafted, on occasions, with external inputs. After it is introduced in the two houses, the bill goes through several 'readings', committee hearings and amendments. The final draft is debated and voted on. If a bill secures the requisite majority in both houses, it is sent to the president for assent, upon which the bill becomes an Act. Parliament, in this formal view, is central to the legislative process, and legislation are products of among other things a rational-legal scrutiny and vote. In practice, parliament is less than central; the legislative process rarely confirms to the constitutional ideal type. Take, for example, political parties and their influence on the legislative process. The party to which a government belongs can have adisproportionate say in policy and legislative matters. Indeed, depending on the personalities involved, legislative proposals may even originate and take shape in party headquarters. Or consider a coalition government. A cabinet's decision to introduce a bill may be evidence of compulsion, not necessity. It may be a price for keeping the coalition together or a political maneuvering to secure new allies. Also, consider the influence of non-representative actors and their ability to direct legislative proposals"--

Government Formation In Central And Eastern Europe

Government Formation in Central and Eastern Europe PDF

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Author: Dorothea Keudel-Kaiser
Publisher: Verlag Barbara Budrich
ISBN: 3863882377
Size: 41.32 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 291
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The formation of governments without a majority in parliament is a counterintuitive, albeit empirically relevant, phenomenon: minority governments make up about one-third of all governments in Europe. The author offers an analysis of the conditions leading to the formation of minority governments in Central and Eastern Europe and provides the reader with a detailed overview of the processes underlying the formation of governments from the early 1990s up to 2010.

Divided We Govern

Divided We Govern PDF

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Author: Sanjay Ruparelia
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190264918
Size: 48.89 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 480
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Ruparelia confronts one of the most striking developments in modern Indian politics: the increasing influence of communist, regional, and lower caste-orientated socialist parties on politics since the late 1980s. In particular he traces these their attempts to construct a progressive 'third force' vis-àvis the historically dominant Indian National Congress and Hindu nationalist Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), and the subsequent decline of the broader Indian left as a collective political power. Ruparelia develops an original theoretical argument, deploying an innovative conceptual grammar of institutions, power, and judgment to explain the vicissitudes of the contemporary Indian left over the past two decades. Divided We Govern is a fine-grained analytic narrative to explain the vagaries of power-sharing in contemporary Indian democracy. It draws together a variety of tools and resources to create a dynamic causal account of multiparty governments and their function only partly captured by many scholarly analyses and the theories on which they rely. Ruparelia's narrative comprises information gathered from newspapers and periodicals, party manifestoes, and government documents; original statistical analyses of official electoral data and national election surveys; and the rare testimonies of senior party leaders, high-ranking government officials, and seasoned political journalists, obtained through dozens of in-depth interviews and intensive fieldwork.

Constitution Making In Asia

Constitution making in Asia PDF

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Author: H. Kumarasingham
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317245105
Size: 13.88 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 212
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Britain’s main imperial possessions in Asia were granted independence in the 1940s and 1950s and needed to craft constitutions for their new states. Invariably the indigenous elites drew upon British constitutional ideas and institutions regardless of the political conditions that prevailed in their very different lands. Many Asian nations called upon the services of Englishman and Law Professor Sir Ivor Jennings to advise or assist their own constitution making. Although he was one of the twentieth century’s most prominent constitutional scholars, his opinion and influence were often controversial and remain so due to his advocating British norms in Asian form. This book examines the process of constitutional formation in the era of decolonisation and state building in Asia. It sheds light upon the influence and participation of Jennings in particular and British ideas in general on democracy and institutions across the Asian continent. Critical cases studies on India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Malaysia and Nepal – all linked by Britain and Jennings – assess the distinctive methods and outcomes of constitution making and how British ideas fared in these major states. The book offers chapters on the Westminster model in Asia, Human Rights, Nationalism, Ethnic politics, Federalism, Foreign influence, Decolonisation, Authoritarianism, the Rule of Law, Parliamentary democracy and the power and influence of key political actors. Taking an original stance on constitution making in Asia after British rule, it also puts forward ideas of contemporary significance for Asian states and other emerging democracies engaged in constitution making, regime change and seeking to understand their colonial past. The first political, historical or constitutional analysis comparing Asia’s experience with its indelible British constitutional legacy, this book is a critical resource on state building and constitution making in Asia following independence. It will appeal to students and scholars of world history, public law and politics.

The Sikh Separatist Insurgency In India

The Sikh Separatist Insurgency in India PDF

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Author: Jugdep S Chima
Publisher: SAGE Publications India
ISBN: 8132105389
Size: 68.90 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 340
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The "Punjab crisis," a two-decade long armed insurgency that emerged as a violent ethnonationalist movement in the 1980s and gradually transformed into a secessionist struggle, resulted in an estimated 25,000 casualties in Punjab. This ethnonationalist movement, on one hand, ended the perceived notion of looking at Punjab as the model of political stability in independent India and, on the other, raised several lingering socio-political questions which have great effect on Indian politics for decades to come, including the prospects of recurring ethnic insurgencies. The Sikh Separatist Insurgency in India: Political Leadership and Ethnonationalist Movements provides an authoritative political history of the Sikh separatist insurgency in Punjab by focussing on "patterns of political leadership", a previously unexplored explanatory variable. It describes in detail the trends which led to the emergence of the "Punjab crisis", the various dynamics through which the movement sustained itself and the changing nature of "patterns of political leadership" which eventually resulted in its decline in the mid-1990s. Providing a microhistorical analysis of the "Punjab crisis," this book argues that the trajectories of ethnonationalist movements are largely determined by the interaction between self-interested ethnic and state political elites, who not only react to the structural choices they face, but whose purposeful actions and decisions ultimately affect the course of ethnic group—state relations. It consolidates this theoretical preposition through a comparative analysis of four contemporary global ethnonationalist movements—those occurring in Chechnya, Northern Ireland, Kashmir, and Assam. This book will be of interest to students and academics studying political science and history, especially those working on South Asia and the Sikhs, and also for public policy practitioners in multi-ethnic societies. It remains invaluable reading for those interested in the phenomenon of ethnonationalism.

Business And Politics In India

Business and Politics in India PDF

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Author: Christophe Jaffrelot
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190912480
Size: 67.78 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 352
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Over the last few decades, politics in India has moved steadily in a pro-business direction. This shift has important implications for both government and citizens. In Business and Politics in India, leading scholars of Indian politics have gathered to offer an analytical synthesis of this vast topic. Collectively, they cover the many strategies that businesses have used to exert their newfound power in recent times and organize the book around a few central concerns. They first analyze the nature of business power and how it shapes political change in India. Second, they look at the consequences of business' growing power on some important issue areas-labor, land, urban governance, and the media. Finally, they take account of regional variation and analyze state-business relations. This definitive account offers significant insights into how and why corporations have increased their power in contemporary Indian politics.

Political Parties Party Manifestos And Elections In India 1909 2014

Political Parties  Party Manifestos and Elections in India  1909   2014 PDF

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Author: R. K. Tiwari
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 0429813295
Size: 10.94 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 310
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In the parliamentary system of government, manifestos constitute and represent an important aspect of the democratic electoral politics as statements of a party’s ideology, response and policy. This book offers an examination of election manifestos of different political parties in India at the national level. It explores the manifesto as an input to the policy process and presents a comparative perspective and understanding on the issues and approaches of the national political parties on key affairs. The book traces the evolution of the electoral system, political parties and party manifestos in India as they emerged and developed over time. It looks at the Statutes of 1909, 1919 and 1935 along with the party manifestos and elections until 1945–46. The author further analyses Constituent Assembly debates on the electoral system and the stances of political parties on national reconstruction through documents from parties, including the Indian National Congress, the Communist Party of India, the Socialist Party, Jana Sangh and the All India Scheduled Castes Federation. Covering manifestos of sixteen Lok Sabha Elections (from the first general election of 1952 to 2014), this book provides a comprehensive overview of how major political parties think on significant social, economic, political, foreign and defence-related issues. It will be useful to scholars and researchers of political science, election studies, modern Indian history, public administration, law and governance, sociology, media and journalism as also to legislators and policymakers.

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