Last Philosophical Testament

Last Philosophical Testament PDF Book Detail:
Author: Bertrand Russell
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 9780415094092
Size: 23.85 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 878
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Book Description: This volume collects together Russell's philosophical writings during the period from 1947-68.This volume collects together Russell's philosophical writings during the period from 1947-68. For about half of this period Russell worked steadily at philosophy but after the publication of My Philosophical Development in 1959 he retired from academic philosophy for the second time. After that date, only the occasional philosophical piece appeared, as he was preoccupied with political writings. In this volume there are a handful of papers dated later than 1959, and all of these were certainly written by Russell himself.This volume contains Russell's writings on diverse philosophical interests, including autobiographical and self-critical papers, critiques of other philosophers and his controversial opinions on Christianity.

Last Philosophical Testament 1943 68

Last Philosophical Testament  1943 68 PDF Book Detail:
Author: Bertrand Russell
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 38.30 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Philosophy, English
Languages : en
Pages : 878
View: 6306

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Book Description:

Aufkl Rung Technik Und Offene Gesellschaft

Aufkl  rung  Technik und Offene Gesellschaft PDF Book Detail:
Author: Uwe Wiemken
Publisher: Tectum Wissenschaftsverlag
ISBN: 3828873316
Size: 53.48 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Philosophy
Languages : de
Pages : 676
View: 6782

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Book Description: Die Vernunft ist ein kostbares Gut, doch sie ist umkämpft. Ständig läuft sie Gefahr, dem machtpolitischen Kalkül der Handlungsträger unterworfen zu werden. Doch wenn die globale Gesellschaft das Miteinander auf diesem Planeten gewaltfrei organisieren will, dann stellt die Vernunft das geistesgeschichtlich einzige Konzept dar, mit dem überhaupt der Versuch dazu unternommen werden kann. Uwe Wiemken untersucht die Entstehungsgeschichte und die Gegenwart dieses einzigartigen Zusammenspiels von Aufklärung, Technik und Offener Gesellschaft, wagt aber zugleich auch den Blick in die Zukunft: Unter welchen Voraussetzungen kann das Zeitalter der Vernunft eine neue Blüte erlangen – und unter welchen wird es dauerhaft scheitern?

Ethik Als G Tertheorie

Ethik als G  tertheorie PDF Book Detail:
Author: Sung Hyun Kim
Publisher: Mohr Siebeck
ISBN: 9783161536793
Size: 34.15 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Religion
Languages : de
Pages : 251
View: 7585

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Book Description: English summary: According to G.E. Moore, all confusions and errors of ethical theory could be disposed of if the subject-matter of ethics was made clear. This is apparent to anyone who poses the question: "What is good?" By reflecting on the things which are "good in themselves" in his book Principia Ethica, G.E. Moore endeavours to establish ethics as a theory of the good. Sung Hyun Kim shows that if the implications of this prolegomenous claim are taken to their full extent in their relation to ethics, it can be seen that the quest for certainty is the fundamental question of any ethics. German description: Alle Verwirrungen und Irrtumer der ethischen Theoriebildung konnen nach G. E. Moore beseitigt werden, wenn nur der Gegenstand der Ethik klar erfasst wird. Dieser aber steht jedem vor Augen, wenn er auf die Frage antworten muss: "Was ist 'gut'?" Mit der Besinnung auf das, was "in sich gut" ist, hat G. E. Moore mit seinem Werk Principia Ethica den Vorstoss zu einer Ethik als Gutertheorie unternommen. Sung Hyun Kim zeigt, dass, wenn dieser prolegomenarische Anspruch ernst genommen wird, die Frage nach Gewissheit die Grundfrage einer jeden Ethik darstellt.

Kripkes Metaphysik M Glicher Welten

Kripkes Metaphysik m  glicher Welten PDF Book Detail:
Author: Sebastian Krebs
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3110651254
Size: 70.82 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Philosophy
Languages : de
Pages : 227
View: 6607

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Book Description: Der ontologische Status von Möglichkeit und Notwendigkeit ist eines der zentralen Probleme sowohl der klassischen als auch der modernen Metaphysik. In der analytischen Philosophie wird dieses Problem zumeist als Frage der Interpretation von möglichen Welten aufgefasst: ein Konzept, das (unter anderem) auf den amerikanischen Logiker und Sprachphilosophen Saul Kripke zurückgeht. Zur Interpretation dieses Konzepts leistet das vorliegende Buch einen entscheidenen Beitrag, in dem es aus Kripkes vage Andeutungen eine deflationäre Metaphysik möglicher Welten entwickelt und in den Zusammenhang von sprachphilosophischer Referenztheorie, formaler Logik und metaphysischem Essentialismus einbettet. Dabei leistet Sebastian Krebs nicht nur die erste deutschsprachige Einführung in Kripkes Metaphysik, sondern bietet eine ausführliche Auseinandersetzung mit David Lewis’ modalem Realismus und anderen wichtigen Positionen der analytischen Metaphysik. Sein modalmetaphysischer Deflationismus klärt schließlich nicht nur das Konzept der möglichen Welten, sondern entwirrt die metaphysisch "aufgeblasene" Debatte um den ontologischen Status von Möglichkeit und Notwendigkeit durch eine konsequente Rückbindung an den gesunden Menschenverstand.

Twentieth Century Philosophy Of Religion

Twentieth Century Philosophy of Religion PDF Book Detail:
Author: Graham Oppy
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317546393
Size: 41.35 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 368
View: 1798

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Book Description: The twentieth century saw religion challenged by the rise of science and secularism, a confrontation which resulted in an astonishingly diverse range of philosophical views about religion and religious belief. Many of the major philosophers of the twentieth century - James, Bergson, Russell, Wittgenstein, Ayer, Heidegger, and Derrida - significantly engaged with religious thought. Idiosyncratic thinkers, such as Whitehead, Levinas and Weil, further contributed to the extraordinary diversity of philosophical investigation of religion across the century. In their turn, leading theologians and religious philosophers - notably Buber, Tillich and Barth - directly engaged with the philosophy of religion. Later, philosophy of religion became a distinct field of study, led by the work of Hick, Alston, Plantinga, and Swinburne. "Twentieth-Century Philosophy of Religion" provides an accessible overview of the major strands in the rich tapestry of twentieth-century thought about religion and will be an indispensible resource for any interested in contemporary philosophy of religion.

Bertrand Russell S Bundle Theory Of Particulars

Bertrand Russell s Bundle Theory of Particulars PDF Book Detail:
Author: Gülberk Koç Maclean
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1472514645
Size: 79.56 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 184
View: 2668

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Book Description: Winner of the 2015 Bertrand Russell Society Book Award Bertrand Russell's Bundle Theory of Particulars presents and evaluates Russell's arguments for two competing theories on the nature of particulars at different stages in his career: the substratum theory of particulars (1903-1913) and the bundle theory of particulars (1940-1948). Through its original focus on Russell's little known metaphysics in the later part of his career, this study explains why Russell's theory of particulars is relevant today. It argues that a Russellian realist bundle theory is indeed the best explanation of similarities and differences that we observe around us thanks to the ontological economy such a theory provides and its strength and completeness as a theory of the nature of reality. Tackling the major criticisms levelled against the realist bundle theory - the problem of individuation, the problem of necessity, and the problem of analyticity - this study presents and defends a tenable Russellian bundle theory which can answer the objections. Bertrand Russell's Bundle Theory of Particulars is a novel and significant contribution to Russell scholarship.

Early Analytic Philosophy New Perspectives On The Tradition

Early Analytic Philosophy   New Perspectives on the Tradition PDF Book Detail:
Author: Sorin Costreie
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319242148
Size: 48.91 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 455
View: 650

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Book Description: This volume discusses some crucial ideas of the founders of the analytic philosophy: Gottlob Frege, Bertrand Russell and Ludwig Wittgenstein, or the ‘golden trio’. The book shows how these ‘old’ ideas are still present and influential in the current philosophical debates and to what extent these debates echo the original ideas. The collection aim is twofold: to better understand these fruitful ideas by placing them in the original setting, and to systematically examine these ideas in the context of the current debates animating philosophical discussions today. Divided into five sections, the book first sets the stage and offers a general introduction to the background influences, as well as delimitations of the initial foundational positions. This first section contains two papers dedicated to the discussion of realism and the status of science at that time, followed by two papers that tackle the epistemic status of logical laws. The next three sections constitute the core of the volume, each being dedicated to the most important figures in the early analytic tradition: Frege, Russell, and Wittgenstein. The last section gathers several essays that discuss either the relation between two or more analytic thinkers, or various important concepts such as ‘predicativism’ and ‘arbitrary function’, or the principles of abstraction and non-contradiction.​