Gender Inequality In The Life Course

Gender Inequality in the Life Course PDF Book Detail:
Author: Hannah Brückner
Publisher: Aldine De Gruyter
ISBN: 9780202306919
Size: 21.64 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 158
View: 2529

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Book Description: How do women fare in a society that is characterized by a set of institutions that promote income stability over the life course and thereby maintain and even amplify status difference? Using recently issued public files of social security records with longitudinal earnings data of well over half a million persons, this book describes gender inequality in earnings and labor market participation in contemporary Germany between 1975 and 1995. Because of the advanced industrial base of Germany, its relevance to other nations at the high end of production and consumer indices becomes apparent. Br�ckner's work is a unique combination of empirical and theoretical work. She takes seriously the effect of marriage status on labor supply and wages: married men work more and earn more, while married women work less and earn less. But to this rather conventional measure she introduces a second important consideration: the life course, multiple social contexts that help explain the unfolding of social action and economic status. In this way the family becomes a critical factor in explaining such crucial sources of inequality as tax laws, property transference, and transfer payments--and how these are regulated by the welfare state. The results from a life course analysis are contrasted with cross-sectional trends and a traditional lifecycle model to show that much depends in part on the data and methods used to explore it. The work closes with a solid social scientific analysis of systems choices: the private market in contrast to the social democratic welfare state solution. While recognizing that the latter is a direct effort at resolving the gender gap in wages and welfare, Professor Br�ckner also appreciates that there are high costs to the overall economy, not the least being a taxation that erodes the earning power of families and individuals as a whole, and hence is less of a solution than the spreading of the problem.

Gender Inequalities In The Japanese Workplace And Employment

Gender Inequalities in the Japanese Workplace and Employment PDF Book Detail:
Author: Kazuo Yamaguchi
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9811376816
Size: 59.45 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 267
View: 4323

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Book Description: The in-depth analyses presented in this book have a dual focus: (1) Social mechanisms through which the gender wage gap, gender inequality in the attainment of managerial positions, and gender segregation of occupations are generated in Japan; and (2) Assessments of the effects of firms’ gender-egalitarian personnel policies and work–life balance promotion policies on the gender wage gap and the firms’ productivity. In addition, this work reviews and discusses various economic and sociological theories of gender inequality and gender discrimination and considers their consistencies and inconsistencies with the results of the analysis of Japanese data. Furthermore, the book critically reviews and discusses the historical development of the Japanese employment system by juxtaposing rational and cultural explanations. This book is an English translation by the author of a book he first published in Japanese in 2017. The original Japanese-language edition received two major book awards in Japan. One was The Nikkei Economic Book Culture Award, which is given every year by the Nikkei Newspaper Company and the Japan Economic Research Center to a few best books on economy and society. The other was The Showa University’s Women’s Culture Research Award, which is bestowed annually on a single book of research that promotes gender equality. Kazuo Yamaguchi is the Ralph Lewis Professor of Sociology at the University of Chicago.

Education Music And The Lives Of Undergraduates

Education  Music  and the Lives of Undergraduates PDF Book Detail:
Author: Roger Mantie
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1350169242
Size: 39.56 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Education
Languages : en
Pages : 184
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Book Description: The undergraduate years are a special time of life for many students. They are a time for study, yes, but also a time for making independent decisions over what to do beyond formal education. This book is based on a nine-year study of collegiate a cappella - a socio-musical practice that has exploded on college campuses since the 1990s. A defining feature of collegiate a cappella is that it is a student-run leisure activity undertaken by undergraduate students at institutions both large and small, prestigious and lower-status. With rare exceptions, participants are not music majors yet many participants interviewed had previous musical experience both in and out of school settings. Motivations for staying musically involved varied considerably - from those who felt they could not imagine life without a musical outlet to those who joined on a whim. Collegiate a cappella is about much more than singing cover songs. It sustains multiple forms of inequality through its audition practices and its performative enactment of gender and heteronormativity. This book sheds light on how undergraduates conceptualize vocation and avocation within the context of formal education, holding implications for educators at all levels.

Historical Social Research

Historical Social Research PDF Book Detail:
Size: 13.64 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Social history
Languages : de
Pages :
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Book Description:

Grundlagen Der Soziologischen Theorie

Grundlagen der soziologischen Theorie PDF Book Detail:
Author: Wolfgang Ludwig Schneider
ISBN: 9783531135564
Size: 61.56 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Social sciences
Languages : de
Pages : 311
View: 5832

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Book Description: Theorien, so die Voraussetzung, von der sich diese Darstellung leiten lässt, sind nicht einfach als eine Menge von Begriffen und Aussagen über die Welt zu begreifen. Sie müssen vielmehr verstanden und dargestellt werden als Antwortversuche auf bestimmte Bezugsprobleme. Die Einführung legt deshalb besonderes Gewicht darauf, den Problemkontext der verschiedenen theoretischen Beiträge genau zu rekonstruieren, die zentralen Begriffe jeder Theorie aus diesem Problemkontext abzuleiten und die Problemverschiebungen klar zu markieren, die sich beim Übergang von einem zum anderen Ansatz ergeben. Ziel des Autors ist es, auf diese Weise nicht nur die verschiedenen Theorien vorzustellen, sondern auch einen Einblick in die jeweilige Methodik der Theoriekostruktion zu geben. Dieses Buch ist Teil einer zweibändigen Einführung in die wichtigsten klassischen und neueren Theorien aus dem Bereich der soziologischen Handlungs-, Kommunikations- und Systemtheorie. Der hier vorliegende Band 1 behandelt die Ansätze von Weber, Parsons, Mead und Schütz. Band 2 stellt Garfinkels Ethnomethodologie und die ethnomethodologische Konversationsanalyse, Rational Choice, die Habermasśche Theorie des kommunikativen Handelns und Luhmanns Systemtheorie vor. Die Bände richten sich vor allem an fortgeschrittene Studierende und Examenskandidaten mit Haupt- oder Nebenfach Soziologie.

Befristete Besch Ftigung Bei Berufsanf Ngern Und Lteren Arbeitnehmern

Befristete Besch  ftigung bei Berufsanf  ngern und   lteren Arbeitnehmern PDF Book Detail:
Author: Stefanie Gundert
Publisher: Logos Verlag Berlin
Size: 45.42 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Employees
Languages : de
Pages : 317
View: 1178

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Book Description: Im Zuge des fortschreitenden globalen Wettbewerbs wird die Flexibilisierung des Arbeitsmarkts in Deutschland zunehmend politisch gefordert und von Befurwortern als notwendiger Schritt zur Bekampfung von Arbeitslosigkeit bezeichnet. Die Autorin geht der Frage nach, ob sich befristete Arbeitsvertrage zur Forderung der Arbeitsmarktintegration von Berufsanfangern und alteren Arbeitnehmern eignen. Anhand von Langsschnittdaten der Deutschen Lebensverlaufsstudie und des Sozio-oekonomischen Panels (SOEP) werden quantitative Analysen zum Erwerbsverlauf befristet Beschaftigter in Westdeutschland durchgefuhrt. Wie sich zeigt, bieten befristete Stellen vor allem gut qualifizierten Arbeitnehmern die Chance auf eine stabile Weiterbeschaftigung. Hingegen wird gerade bei Personen, die mangels Ausbildungsqualifikationen oder infolge von Arbeitslosigkeit ohnehin schlechte Chancen am Arbeitsmarkt haben, eine dauerhafte Erwerbstatigkeit durch die Aufnahme einer befristeten Stelle gefahrdet. Dr. Stefanie Gundert ist Postdoctoral Associate am Center for Research on Inequalities and the Life Course (CIQLE), Yale University.

Gendered Lives

Gendered Lives PDF Book Detail:
Author: Shirley Dex
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN: 1849806276
Size: 27.11 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 231
View: 2950

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Book Description: 'This state-of-the art collection brings together the latest research of eminent experts in the field. It combines a wide sweep with focused analysis of gender dynamics at home and at work, and the interaction between them. A longitudinal and life course perspective underpins the authors' assessment of the current state of gender inequality, and helps explain why some domains are more resistant to change than others. This timely and innovative volume will be an excellent resource for academics and policy-makers alike.' – Miriam Glucksmann, University of Essex, UK This meticulous book examines how gender inequalities in contemporary societies are changing and how further changes towards greater gender equality might be achieved. The focus of the book is on inequalities in production and reproductive activities, as played out over time and in specific contexts. It examines the different forms that gendered lives take in the household and the workplace, and explores how gender equalities may be promoted in a changing world. Gendered Lives offers many novel and sometimes unexpected findings that contribute to new understandings of not only the causes of gender inequalities, but also the ongoing implications for economic well-being and societal integration. This topical and interdisciplinary study by leading researchers in the field will appeal to course leaders, researchers and postgraduate students in sociology, economics, public policy, demography and human geography. Social scientists interested in gender equality, labour market behaviour and public policy will also find much to interest them in this fascinating book.

Age And Inequality

Age And Inequality PDF Book Detail:
Author: Angela O'rand
Publisher: Westview Press
ISBN: 9780813398129
Size: 70.59 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 264
View: 111

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Book Description: In the United States, older populations exhibit the highest levels of economic inequality of all age groups. Across all advanced societies, the inequalities observed in older populations stem from structural and individual processes that differentiate the life courses of women and men and yield distinctive patterns of economic inequality in adulthood and old age.Age and Inequality examines the structural and individual bases of inequality and aging in the United States, especially in recent decades. The interplay of the employment system with public and private social insurance systems operates to structure the shapes of work careers and the patterns of exit from these careers in late adulthood and old age.Gender inequality across the life course is an important element of age inequality. Labor market structure, state policies, and life course factors such as fertility and the division of household labor systematically differentiate men's and women's work careers.Aging and retirement in the twenty-first century raise concerns regarding public welfare and market policies affecting labor exits and income support systems over the next half century. Angela O'Rand and John Henretta consider the implications of the changing workplace and changing public policies for women and men.