Fundamentals Of Atmospheric Aerosol Chemistry

Fundamentals of Atmospheric Aerosol Chemistry PDF Book Detail:
Author: Erno Meszaros
Publisher: Akademiai Kiado
ISBN:
Size: 15.49 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Science
Languages : un
Pages : 308
View: 5485

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Book Description: This book describes the basic ideas about the chemical composition of the atmospheric aerosol, as well as to summarize our present knowledge of the environmental effects of aerosol particles. After discussing the necessary bases of aerosol physics and methodology, different formation mechanisms producing particles of different size and composition are presented including vapor condensation, burning and high temperature processes and surface disintegration. Separate chapters are devoted to water soluble inorganic species, heavy and other metals as well as to carbonaceous particles. This volume, considered as an introduction to the subject, is useful for graduate students and research workers in earth and environmental science as well as for all educated persons interested in atmospheric environment.

Atmospheric Multiphase Chemistry

Atmospheric Multiphase Chemistry PDF Book Detail:
Author: Hajime Akimoto
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119422426
Size: 35.69 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Science
Languages : un
Pages : 544
View: 7312

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Book Description: An important guide that highlights the multiphase chemical processes for students and professionals who want to learn more about aerosol chemistry Atmospheric Multiphase Reaction Chemistry provides the information and knowledge of multiphase chemical processes and offers a review of the fundamentals on gas-liquid equilibrium, gas phase reactions, bulk aqueous phase reactions, and gas-particle interface reactions related to formation of secondary aerosols. The authors—noted experts on the topic—also describe new particle formation, and cloud condensation nuclei activity. In addition, the text includes descriptions of field observations on secondary aerosols and PM2.5. Atmospheric aerosols play a critical role in air quality and climate change. There is growing evidence that the multiphase reactions involving heterogeneous reactions on the air-particle interface and the reactions in the bulk liquid phase of wet aerosol and cloud/fog droplets are important processes forming secondary aerosols in addition to gas-phase oxidation reactions to form low-volatile compounds. Comprehensive in scope, the book offers an understanding of the topic by providing a historical overview of secondary aerosols, the fundamentals of multiphase reactions, gas-phase reactions of volatile organic compounds, aqueous phase and air-particle interface reactions of organic compound. This important text: Provides knowledge on multiphase chemical processes for graduate students and research scientists Includes fundamentals on gas-liquid equilibrium, gas phase reactions, bulk aqueous phase reactions, and gas-particle interface reactions related to formation of secondary aerosols Covers in detail reaction chemistry of secondary organic aerosols Written for students and research scientists in atmospheric chemistry and aerosol science of environmental engineering, Atmospheric Multiphase Reaction Chemistry offers an essential guide to the fundamentals of multiphase chemical processes.

Fundamentals Of Atmospheric Modeling

Fundamentals of Atmospheric Modeling PDF Book Detail:
Author: Mark Z. Jacobson
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521548656
Size: 54.15 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Science
Languages : un
Pages : 813
View: 5602

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Book Description: Publisher Description

Fundamentals Of Meteorology

Fundamentals of Meteorology PDF Book Detail:
Author: Vlado Spiridonov
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783030526542
Size: 63.86 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Science
Languages : un
Pages : 439
View: 6463

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Book Description: This book is dedicated to the atmosphere of our planet, and discusses historical and contemporary achievements in meteorological science and technology for the betterment of society. The book explores many significant atmospheric phenomena and physical processes from the local to global scale, as well as from the perspective of short and long-term time scales, and links these processes to various applications in other scientific disciplines with linkages to meteorology. In addition to addressing general topics such as climate system dynamics and climate change, the book also discusses atmospheric boundary layer, atmospheric waves, atmospheric chemistry, optics/photometeors, electricity, atmospheric modeling and numeric weather prediction. Through its interdisciplinary approach, the book will be of interest to researchers, students and academics in meteorology and atmospheric science, environmental physics, climate change dynamics, air pollution and human health impacts of atmospheric aerosols.

Luft

Luft PDF Book Detail:
Author: Detlev Möller
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3110200228
Size: 44.92 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Science
Languages : de
Pages : 773
View: 1867

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Book Description: Erstmals liegt nun im deutschsprachigen Raum ein Buch vor, das umfassend über alle Aspekte der Luft als wichtigstes Umweltmedium informiert. Der Autor bringt 30 Jahre eigene atmosphärische Umweltforschung und 15 Jahre Vorlesungstätigkeit zur Luftchemie als Erfahrung ein. Neben der Darstellung der wichtigen Grundlagen zum besseren Verständnis atmosphärischer Prozesse wird vor allem Wert auf die Erläuterung komplexer Zusammenhänge zwischen Ursachen und Wirkungen der Luftverschmutzung gelegt. Durch ein kritisches Hinterfragen gängiger Meinungen bietet das Buch neue Gedanken zur langfristigen Lösung (nicht nur) atmosphärischer Umweltprobleme. Das Werk eignet sich als Handbuch, Nachschlagewerk und studienbegleitendes Lehrbuch. Es ist daher ideal für Meteorologen, Chemiker, Physiker, Geographen, Geoökologen, Umweltingenieure, Verfahrenstechniker, Juristen, Verwaltungsfachleute und alle am Medium Luft Interessierten, aber auch für jeden, der sich für Umweltfragen interessiert. "Luft" hat das Potenzial zum Standardwerk für den Praktiker unter den Fachleuten, wie schon das Nachschlagewerk "Wasser" von Professor A. Grohmann. Auch hier ist es erneut gelungen, neben der Faszination für diesen "Mikrokosmos" die hohe wissenschaftliche Kompetenz einzubringen, um die Grundlagen zahlreicher Spezialdisziplinen rund um die Luft verständlich darzustellen. Ausführlich und auf aktuellstem Niveau wird anschaulich vermittelt, dass Luft eben sehr viel mehr ist als nur "ein Gasgemisch mit darin suspendierten Teilchen".

Introduction To Atmospheric Chemistry

Introduction to Atmospheric Chemistry PDF Book Detail:
Author: Daniel Jacob
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 0691001855
Size: 17.84 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Science
Languages : un
Pages : 266
View: 3119

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Book Description: Atmospheric chemistry is one of the fastest growing fields in the earth sciences. Until now, however, there has been no book designed to help students capture the essence of the subject in a brief course of study. Daniel Jacob, a leading researcher and teacher in the field, addresses that problem by presenting the first textbook on atmospheric chemistry for a one-semester course. Based on the approach he developed in his class at Harvard, Jacob introduces students in clear and concise chapters to the fundamentals as well as the latest ideas and findings in the field. Jacob's aim is to show students how to use basic principles of physics and chemistry to describe a complex system such as the atmosphere. He also seeks to give students an overview of the current state of research and the work that led to this point. Jacob begins with atmospheric structure, design of simple models, atmospheric transport, and the continuity equation, and continues with geochemical cycles, the greenhouse effect, aerosols, stratospheric ozone, the oxidizing power of the atmosphere, smog, and acid rain. Each chapter concludes with a problem set based on recent scientific literature. This is a novel approach to problem-set writing, and one that successfully introduces students to the prevailing issues. This is a major contribution to a growing area of study and will be welcomed enthusiastically by students and teachers alike.

Terrestrial And Cosmic Spherules

Terrestrial and Cosmic Spherules PDF Book Detail:
Author: TECOS. Meeting
Publisher: Akademiai Kiado
ISBN:
Size: 65.64 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 182
View: 1574

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Book Description:

Lectures In Meteorology

Lectures in Meteorology PDF Book Detail:
Author: Nicole Mölders
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319021443
Size: 60.17 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Science
Languages : un
Pages : 591
View: 7387

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Book Description: Lectures in Meteorology is a comprehensive reference book for meteorologists and environmental scientists to look up material on the thermodynamics, dynamics and chemistry of the troposphere. The lectures demonstrate how to derive/develop equations – an essential tool for model development. All chapters present applications of the material including numerical models. The lectures are written in modular form, i.e. they can be used at the undergraduate level for classes covered by the chapters or at the graduate level as a comprehensive, intensive course. The student/instructor can address chapters 2 (thermodynamics) and 4 (radiation) in any order. They can also switch the order of chapter 5 (chemistry) and 6 (dynamics). Chapter 7 (climatology and climate) requires an understanding of all chapters. Chapter 3 (cloud physics) needs basics from chapter 2 to understand the cloud microphysical processes. The governing conservation equations for trace constituents, dry air, water substances, total mass, energy, entropy and momentum are presented, including simplifications and their application in models. A brief introduction to atmospheric boundary layer processes is presented as well. Basic principles of climatology discussed include analysis methods, atmospheric waves and their analytical solutions, tropical and extra-tropical cyclones, classical and non-classical mesoscale circulations, and the global circulation. The atmospheric chemistry section encompasses photolytic and gas-phase processes, aqueous chemistry, aerosol processes, fundamentals of biogeochemical cycles and the ozone layer. Solar and terrestrial radiation; major absorber; radiation balance; radiative equilibrium; radiative-convective equilibrium; and basics of molecular, aerosol and cloud adsorption and scattering and their use in remote sensing are also presented.

Light Induced Processes In Optically Tweezed Aerosol Droplets

Light Induced Processes in Optically Tweezed Aerosol Droplets PDF Book Detail:
Author: Kerry J. Knox
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783642163487
Size: 65.44 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Science
Languages : un
Pages : 204
View: 7323

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Book Description: Aerosols play a critical role in a broad range of scientific disciplines, such as atmospheric chemistry and physics, combustion science, drug delivery and human health. This thesis explores the fundamentals of a new technique for capturing single or multiple particles using light, and for characterising these particles by Raman or fluorescence spectroscopy. The outcome of this research represents a significant development in optical manipulation techniques, specifically in optical tweezing. These findings can be applied to studies of the mass accommodation of gas-phase water molecules adsorbing onto a water surface. Not only is this a fundamental process of interest to physical chemists, but it is important for understanding the role of aerosol particles in the atmosphere, including their ability to become cloud droplets. This new strategy for investigating aerosol dynamics is fundamental in helping us understand the indirect effect of aerosols on the climate.

Smoke Dust And Haze

Smoke  Dust  and Haze PDF Book Detail:
Author: Sheldon Kay Friedlander
Publisher: Bulletin
ISBN: 9780195129991
Size: 10.44 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Science
Languages : un
Pages : 407
View: 6910

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Book Description: Using the aerosol dynamics approach, the author integrates a broad range of topics including stochastic processes, aerosol transport theory, coagulation, formation of agglomerates, classical nucleation theory, and the synthesis of ultrafine solid particles. The book makes extensive use of scaling concepts and dimensional analysis and emphasizes physical and physicochemical interpretations.