Gewalt Und Gesellschaftsordnungen

Gewalt Und Gesellschaftsordnungen PDF Book Detail:
Author: Douglass C North
Publisher: Mohr Siebrek Ek
ISBN: 9783161528156
Size: 14.36 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : de
Pages : 326
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Book Description: Gesellschaften setzen sich auf unterschiedliche Weise mit dem Problem der Gewalt auseinander. Die Mehrzahl, von den Autoren als naturliche Staaten bezeichnet, begrenzt den Einsatz von Gewalt, indem diese Gesellschaften durch politische Einflussnahme auf die Wirtschaftstatigkeit privilegierte Interessen schaffen. Privilegien reduzieren den Gewalteinsatz der so Begunstigten, behindern aber die allgemeine wirtschaftliche und politische Entwicklung. Hingegen fordern Staaten durch Zugangsfreiheit zu politischen und wirtschaftlichen Organisationen (Parlamenten, Parteien, Unternehmensformen) den Wettbewerb und damit ihre eigene Entwicklung. Das Buch bietet ein Konzept zum Verstandnis der zwei Gesellschaftsordnungen und zeigt an historischen Beispielen, unter welchen Bedingungen der Ubergang von der einen zur anderen moglich wird.

Democratic Decentralisation Through A Natural Resource Lens

Democratic Decentralisation through a Natural Resource Lens PDF Book Detail:
Author: Jesse C. Ribot
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136869514
Size: 31.29 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 272
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Book Description: This volume queries the state and effect of the global decentralization movement through the study of natural resource decentralizations in Africa, Asia and Latin America. The case studies presented here use a comparative framework to characterize the degree to which natural resource decentralizations can be said to be taking place and, where possible, to measure their social and environmental consequences. In general, the cases show that threats to national-level interests are producing resistance that is fettering the struggle for reform.

Intergovernmental Fiscal Relations

Intergovernmental Fiscal Relations PDF Book Detail:
Author: Linda Gonçalves Veiga
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319062964
Size: 21.98 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 69
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Book Description: This book examines and analyzes issues related to public finance in subnational governments, along with a discussion of case studies on decentralization. Most of the analysis applies to all public goods and services provided by subnational governments, with some placed on the role of subnational governments in the management of environmental resources, notably water and waste Coverage includes optimal arrangements for sharing fiscal responsibilities among different levels of government, the potential impact of decentralization on the quality of public goods delivery, local governments’ expenditure and revenue choices, and the effect of decentralization on accountability, governance and policy outcomes. The scope of discussion extends to both public finance theory and applied policy debates. The first chapter, on trends in financing of public services, opens with an explanation of the how and why of government intervention in the economy, the nature and purposes of transfers between and among governments and trends in decentralization. Case studies examine the impact of decentralization in such areas as service delivery, water and sanitation, education and health, and on poverty and income inequality. Chapter 2 examines public budgets: governance structures, norms and organizational practices, building up understanding of budgets, budget cycles, fiscal revenues from fees and taxes, expenses, debt and political economy issues, rules mandating balanced budgets in government and more. Chapter 3 discusses issues of accountability and policy outcomes, offering important lessons from recent international experience, including ways to strengthen political, administrative and financial accountability. The concluding chapter recounts lessons from recent international experience and surveys implications for the nexus approach to management of environmental resources. The information, analysis and expert advice presented here is particularly relevant for developing and emerging countries, where well designed decentralization reforms have a higher potential to improve efficiency in the provision of public services, and to enhance the development of integrated and sustainable strategies for the use of water, soil and waste resources and applications that advance the nexus approach.

Local Governance In Africa

Local Governance in Africa PDF Book Detail:
Author: Dele Olowu
Publisher: Lynne Rienner Publishers
ISBN: 9781588261731
Size: 69.64 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 310
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Book Description: An exploration of why some decentralization reforms have led to viable systems of local governance in Africa, while others have failed. It outlines the key issues involved, provides historical context, and identifies the factors that have encouraged or discouraged success.

Public And Private In Natural Resource Governance

Public and Private in Natural Resource Governance PDF Book Detail:
Author: Thomas Sikor
Publisher: Earthscan
ISBN: 1849775982
Size: 32.69 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 255
View: 5933

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Book Description: �This volume develops the rich conceptual and empirical content of public-private relationships, increasingly acknowledged as the dominant realm of natural resource governance. Ten wonderful studies from around the world illuminate opportunities for advancing the theory, analysis and effective formation of sustainable systems of resource use. The book is excellent for courses in governance and public policy in any resource and environmental field.�JEFF ROMM, PROFESSOR FOR RESOURCE POLICY, UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA AT BERKELEY, US�The book addresses the theoretically and politically most important division of social organization into public and private. The authors bring an exciting, multidisciplinary perspective to bear on changing and multiple publics and the strength of relationships connecting these two spheres in rural development and natural resource governance. The contributions range from consumer health and food safety, soil science, forestry and water management to sociological and economic aspects of natural resource property and governance.�FRANZ VON BENDA-BECKMANN, MAX PLANCK INSTITUTE FOR SOCIAL ANTHROPOLOGY, GERMANYNatural resources have historically been considered as being governed in public or private spheres - that is, by the state on behalf of the people, or by companies or individuals driven by the market. This dichotomy between private and public is now recognized as overly simplistic, and it is clear that �publics� and �privates� operate at a range of levels and with differing degrees of separation or overlap.Bringing together a group of internationally respected researchers, this book provides a new perspective on prominent issues in resource governance, including the state, NGOs, civil society, communities, participation, devolution, privatization and hybrid institutions, highlighting the three-dimensional nature of relations between �public� and �private�. It builds on empirical analyses from six fields of natural resource governance - agri-environment, biodiversity, bioenergy, food quality and safety, forestry and rural water - and employs a comparative approach that goes beyond the specifi cities of individual policy fields, recognizing shared elements and allowing for a greater understanding of the dynamics underlying governance processes. Introductions to the volume and to each section summarize the key debates and highlight linkages between chapters. This is essential reading for academics, students and policy experts in natural resource governance, development and environmental policy.

Decentralized Governance Of Adaptation To Climate Change In Africa

Decentralized Governance of Adaptation to Climate Change in Africa PDF Book Detail:
Author: Esbern Friis-Hansen
Publisher: CABI
ISBN: 1786390760
Size: 76.59 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 172
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Book Description: Two perspectives have dominated the social science discourse on climate change adaptation. Firstly, an international narrative among UN and donor agencies of technical and financial support for planned climate change adaptation. Secondly, a significant volume of studies discuss how local communities can undertake their own autonomous adaptation. Effective and sustainable climate adaptation requires a third focus: understanding of the political processes within sub-national institutions that mediate between national and local practices. This book address the knowledge gap that currently exists about the role of district-level institutions in Sub-Saharan Africa in providing an enabling institutional environment for rural climate change adaptation.

Imf Research Bulletin December 2008

IMF Research Bulletin  December 2008 PDF Book Detail:
Author: Antonio Spilimbergo
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
ISBN: 1451959540
Size: 63.60 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 12
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Book Description: December 2008: IMF research summaries on global herding in financial markets (by Marco Cipriani) and on fiscal decentralization (by Lusine Lusinyan); article on the experiences of IMF staff at the Nobel Laureate Meetings in Lindau, Germany (by Chris Crowe); listing of visiting scholars at the IMF during August–December 2008; listing of contents of Vol. 55 No. 4 of IMF Staff Papers; listing of recent IMF Working Papers; listing of recent external publications by IMF staff; and a Call for Papers for an upcoming conference on structural reforms.