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Disease And The Modern World 1500 To The Present Day

Disease and the Modern World  1500 to the Present Day PDF

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Author: Mark Harrison
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0745638015
Size: 43.74 MB
Format: PDF
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 280
View: 3922


‘Mark Harrison's book illuminates the threats posed by infectious diseases since 1500. He places these diseases within an international perspective, and demonstrates the relationship between European expansion and changing epidemiological patterns. The book is a significant introduction to a fascinating subject.’ Gerald N. Grob, Rutgers State University In this lively and accessible book, Mark Harrison charts the history of disease from the birth of the modern world around 1500 through to the present day. He explores how the rise of modern nation-states was closely linked to the threat posed by disease, and particularly infectious, epidemic diseases. He examines the ways in which disease and its treatment and prevention, changed over the centuries, under the impact of the Renaissance and the Enlightenment, and with the advent of scientific medicine. For the first time, the author integrates the history of disease in the West with a broader analysis of the rise of the modern world, as it was transformed by commerce, slavery, and colonial rule. Disease played a vital role in this process, easing European domination in some areas, limiting it in others. Harrison goes on to show how a new environment was produced in which poverty and education rather than geography became the main factors in the distribution of disease. Assuming no prior knowledge of the history of disease, Disease and the Modern World provides an invaluable introduction to one of the richest and most important areas of history. It will be essential reading for all undergraduates and postgraduates taking courses in the history of disease and medicine, and for anyone interested in how disease has shaped, and has been shaped by, the modern world.

Geschichte Der Welt 1870 1945

Geschichte der Welt 1870 1945 PDF

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Author: Akira Iriye
Publisher: C.H.Beck
ISBN: 3406641156
Size: 10.12 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : History
Languages : de
Pages : 1152
View: 6481


Weltgeschichte ist lange Zeit als eine Geschichte des Aufstiegs und Niedergangs einer kleinen Zahl von „Hochkulturen“ geschrieben worden. Unter diesen Kulturen schienen Europa oder der atlantische „Westen“ während der letzten Jahrhunderte nach den Kriterien Macht, Wohlstand und kulturelle Kreativität zu dominieren. Das neue sechsbändige Werk zur Weltgeschichte, das von einem Team von Historikerinnen und Historikern vorwiegend aus den USA und Deutschland erarbeitet wird und das gleichzeitig bei C.H.Beck und Harvard University Press erscheint, verabschiedet sich von diesen Traditionen. Es leugnet die Errungenschaften des Westens nicht, stellt sie aber in den größeren Zusammenhang gleichzeitiger Entwicklungen in anderen Teilen der Welt. Dadurch wird das allmähliche, dabei aber krisenhafte Entstehen des heutigen dicht integrierten und pluralistischen Weltzusammenhangs sichtbar. Erstmals werden in diesen Bänden die Ergebnisse von mehreren Jahrzehnten internationaler Forschung zur Vorgeschichte der Globalisierung und zur Entwicklung von Gesellschaften und politischen Ordnungen auf allen Kontinenten von führenden Experten zusammenfassend dargestellt. Weltgeschichte erscheint hier nicht als Aneinanderreihung einzelner Spezialgeschichten. Die Aufmerksamkeit richtet sich auf bisher wenig beachtete Querbeziehungen und Wechselwirkungen: auf Migrationen von Einzelnen und Gruppen und die Gründung neuer Gesellschaften, auf die interkontinentale Ausbreitung von Technologien, Religionen oder politischen Ideen, auf globale Kommunikationsnetze, Handelsströme und Konsummuster, auf Imperialismus, Kolonialismus und großräumige Kriege.

Die M Cke

Die M  cke PDF

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Author: Timothy C. Winegard
Publisher: TERRA MATER BOOKS
ISBN: 3990555146
Size: 53.50 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : History
Languages : de
Pages : 624
View: 3721


Tödliche Insekten: Wie Stechmücken die Weltgeschichte beeinflussten Todesursache Nummer 1: die Mücke! Sie ist winzig, aber mächtig, denn ihr Stich überträgt tödliche Krankheiten in pandemischem Ausmaß. Malaria, Gelbfieber, Denguefieber und andere Infektionskrankheiten gehen auf ihr Konto. In 200.000 Jahren Menschheitsgeschichte haben Stechmücken vermutlich mehr als 52 Milliarden Menschen getötet. Das ist die Hälfte aller Menschen, die jemals gelebt haben! Der kanadische Historiker Timothy C. Winegard zeichnet ein vollkommen neues Bild vom Entstehen und Vergehen von Völkern und Staaten, von der Antike bis zur Gegenwart. Er macht seine Leser bekannt mit Steckmücken-Arten wie der Anopheles-Mücke und der Gattung Aedes. Wie diese Insekten den Lauf der Weltgeschichte prägten, erzählt er in seinem packenden Buch. - Moskitos in den Pontinischen Sümpfen: Aufstieg und Untergang des Römischen Reiches durch Malaria? - Tödliche Epidemien bei der Kolonialisierung Amerikas: Warum die Einreise der Krankheitserreger mit Sklaven aus Afrika und europäischen Einwanderern ein Todesurteil für die indigene Bevölkerung war - Der Einfluss von Infektionskrankheiten auf den Unabhängigkeitskrieg der USA und den Amerikanischen Bürgerkrieg - Mit DDT gegen Malariamücken: biologische Kriegsführung vom Zweiten Weltkrieg bis zum Verbot des Insektizids Klimawandel und Erderwärmung: Stehen uns neue Epidemien bevor? Erst im 20. Jahrhundert gab es erste Erfolge im Kampf gegen die Stechmücken. Doch die Erderwärmung begünstigt die Ausbreitung neuer gefährlicher Arten. Krankheitserreger wie das Zika- und das Westnil-Virus sind auf dem Vormarsch. Hat die Menschheit eine Chance im Kampf gegen diese Seuchen? In Timothy Winegards Buch erfahren Sie, was die Mücken angerichtet haben, was bisher im Kampf gegen sie unternommen wurde und wie wir uns für die Zukunft wappnen können!

Die Regierung Der Gesundheit

Die Regierung der Gesundheit PDF

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Author: Irene Poczka
Publisher: transcript Verlag
ISBN: 3839436958
Size: 49.68 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Political Science
Languages : de
Pages : 462
View: 7243


Michel Foucault suchte bereits 1983 nach den Rationalitäten, die unseren gesundheitlichen Wahlentscheidungen zu Grunde liegen. Diese Frage stellt sich heute noch dringender, bedenkt man den neoliberalen Wandel von Gesundheitsdiskursen in den letzten Jahrzehnten. Diese Diskurse finden ihre Vorfahren in der religiösen und bürgerlichen Selbstpraxis sowie in der ärztlichen Praxis der Beratung und Überzeugung. Irene Poczka betrachtet diese als Regierungsweisen, die schließlich auch die politischen Techniken beeinflussten, mit denen die Gesundheit der Bevölkerungen reguliert werden sollte. Sie stellt fest: Im Europa des 19. Jahrhunderts lassen sich überall diskursive Fragmente einer Genealogie liberalen Regierens von Gesundheit ausmachen.

Disability In German Literature Film And Theater

Disability in German Literature  Film  and Theater PDF

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Author: Eleoma Joshua
Publisher: Camden House
ISBN: 157113428X
Size: 40.20 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : History
Languages : de
Pages : 239
View: 839


Cutting-edge application of the insights of Disability Studies to the German cultural field.

Epidemics And Pandemics From Ancient Plagues To Modern Day Threats 2 Volumes

Epidemics and Pandemics  From Ancient Plagues to Modern Day Threats  2 volumes  PDF

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Author: Joseph P. Byrne
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 1440863792
Size: 67.46 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 741
View: 7232


Beyond their impact on public health, epidemics shape and are shaped by political, economic, and social forces. This book examines this connection, exploring key topics in the study of disease outbreaks and delving deep into specific historical and contemporary examples. From the Black Death that ravaged Europe in the 14th century to the influenza pandemic following World War I to the novel strain of coronavirus that made "social distancing" the new normal, wide-scale disease outbreaks have played an important role throughout human history. In addition to the toll they take on human lives, epidemics have spurred medical innovations, toppled governments, crippled economies, and led to cultural revolutions. Epidemics and Pandemics: From Ancient Plagues to Modern-Day Threats provides readers with a holistic view of the terrifying—and fascinating—topic of epidemics and pandemics. In Volume 1, readers will discover what an epidemic is, how it emerges and spreads, what diseases are most likely to become epidemics, and how disease outbreaks are tracked, prevented, and combated. They will learn about the impacts of such modern factors as global air travel and antibiotic resistance, as well as the roles played by public health agencies and the media. Volume 2 offers detailed case studies that explore the course and lasting significance of individual epidemics and pandemics throughout history. Examines the topic from a number of angles, offering readers a holistic view of how epidemics and pandemics have affected and continue to affect the world Explains the science behind the emergence and spread of disease in easy-to-understand, jargon-free language Considers issues relevant to today's readers, including the impact of the anti-vaccination movement, climate change, global travel, and antibiotic resistance Offers a detailed look at the most famous examples of epidemics and pandemics throughout history, using a standardized format that makes finding information quick and easy

Der Fall Des Bakteriologen Haffkine W Hrend Der Bek Mpfung Der Pest In Bombay 1896 1904

Der Fall des Bakteriologen Haffkine w  hrend der Bek  mpfung der Pest in Bombay 1896 1904 PDF

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Author: Sarah Naglik
Publisher: GRIN Verlag
ISBN: 3668014205
Size: 24.19 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : History
Languages : de
Pages : 17
View: 3065


Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2015 im Fachbereich Geschichte - Allgemeines, Note: 13, Philipps-Universität Marburg (Seminar für Neuere Geschichte), Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: In der vorliegenden Arbeit wird Haffkines Wirken während der Bekämpfung der Pest in Bombay in den Jahren 1896 bis 1904 genauer betrachtet. Zunächst werden die Faktoren für Haffkines schnelle Erfolge dargestellt, die ihm schließlich einen Orden des britischen Königshauses einbrachten. Während Haffkine in Europa Unterstützung durch die Briten erhielt, wurden die Stimmen in Indien gegen ihn immer lauter. Die Darstellung dieser Kontroverse ist das zentrale Thema dieser Arbeit. Als Quellengrundlage dienen dabei Zeitungsartikel aus der Times. Im abschließenden Teil dieser Arbeit wird untersucht, inwieweit Haffkine für einen unglücklichen Vorfall während einer Impfkampagne verantwortlich gemacht werden konnte und welche Schritte schließlich zur seiner Rehabilitation beigetragen haben.

The Shapes Of Epidemics And Global Disease

The Shapes of Epidemics and Global Disease PDF

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Author: Andrea Patterson
Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
ISBN: 1527558967
Size: 69.28 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 426
View: 1223


This volume investigates the multifaceted SHAPES (socio-historic, artistic, political, and ecological significance) of global disease. It challenges conventional views of infection and transmission by associating epidemics with ideologies and their accompanying institutions. It argues that the physical threat of epidemics is irrevocably linked to culture, economic resources, social class, and power. Epidemics involve both the infected and non-infected, affect the local and global, and they expose control and neglect. This book provides a radical collaborative approach, drawing contributors from closely related and vastly distant fields in the search for innovative ways to address human suffering, and to find real solutions that may determine whether people live or die. Such an approach is needed within an increasingly interconnected world where both pathological diseases and health behaviors are infectious. Experts from fifteen diverse disciplines in the natural sciences, social sciences, and arts and humanities present case studies from across the world and time, demonstrating the uniqueness of each disease and epidemic in its place, but also the shared experiences that span human life and death. In order to identify, measure and control epidemics, we must understand epidemics more as long biosocial processes than abrupt events in nature or culture. Such methodology examines the meaning we attach to epidemics, as well as their material reality, and provides a more complete understanding of how epidemics shape and are shaped.

Plagues And The Paradox Of Progress

Plagues and the Paradox of Progress PDF

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Author: Thomas J. Bollyky
Publisher: Mit Press
ISBN: 0262537966
Size: 33.85 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 280
View: 2663


Introduction --The Age-old balance between host and parasite --Determinants of history, agents of human tragedy --The different paths to progress --Why worry in the Age of Miracles? --A worrisome future is not inevitable --1.How the world starts getting better --Death, disease, and the fall of prehistoric man --The path to better health in wealthier nations --A better world begins as a more unequal one --2. --Diseases of conquest and colony --The colonial and military roots of global health --The path to better health in poorer nations --Death and demography --The legacy of ebola --The difference that health aid makes --3.Diseases of childhood --A child survival revolution --China's other great leap forward --Is healthier wealthier? --The (potential) dividends of demography --Sunny in Nairobi, with a chance of storms --Cell phones, not factories --The perils of youth --4. --Diseases of settlement --Cholera and the white death --A simple solution --Poor world cities --The perils of growing naturally --Climate and the environment --The Tunis effect --Returning to Dhaka --5.Diseases of place --The growth industry in Agadez, Niger --People, not just potatoes --Migration as the history of disease --The world is getting better in worrisome ways --6. --The exoneration of William H. Stewart --Confronting the complex of multiple causation --The role of aid in adapting to the decline of infectious diseases --The myth of the good epidemic.

The Medical Response To The Trench Diseases In World War One

The Medical Response to the Trench Diseases in World War One PDF

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Author: Robert Atenstaedt
Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
ISBN: 1443830631
Size: 67.47 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 270
View: 2132


This book focuses on the trench diseases—trench fever, trench nephritis and trench foot—and examines how doctors responded to them in the context of the Great War. It details the problems that they faced in tackling these conditions, “new” to military warfare. After an introduction to the subject, the second chapter sketches the socio-economic and scientific context within which the response was mounted. The development of bacteriology, sanitation and medical research in the British Army is examined, as is the structure and role of the wartime RAMC, the main body involved in the response to the trench diseases. Divisions between medical practitioners concerning the aetiology of epidemic disease are also described. The third and fourth chapters present a detailed inquiry into how the diseases were defined, and how these definitions were used to counteract them. The effectiveness of the medical response is evaluated in the conclusion, which also examines the impact that the response to the trench diseases had on military-medical progress and medical specialisation. An analysis of the medical response to the trench diseases reveals a conflict between clinicians holding views on disease causation along a spectrum—contagionists, contingent-contagionists and con-figurationists. Faced with their inability to treat the trench diseases effectively, the book argues that the extremely diverse initial interpretation of the trench diseases was replaced by a majority view that all three were a product of the trenches. This enabled an effective response to be mounted, using public health methods, reinforced by discipline, close surveillance, administrative organisation, and cooperation between military and medical branches, as well as within the Army Medical Service.

Science Among The Ottomans

Science Among the Ottomans PDF

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Author: Miri Shefer-Mossensohn
Publisher: University of Texas Press
ISBN: 1477303596
Size: 77.47 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 252
View: 1498


Scholars have long thought that, following the Muslim Golden Age of the medieval era, the Ottoman Empire grew culturally and technologically isolated, losing interest in innovation and placing the empire on a path toward stagnation and decline. Science among the Ottomans challenges this widely accepted Western image of the nineteenth- and early twentieth-century Ottomans as backward and impoverished. In the first book on this topic in English in over sixty years, Miri Shefer-Mossensohn contends that Ottoman society and culture created a fertile environment that fostered diverse scientific activity. She demonstrates that the Ottomans excelled in adapting the inventions of others to their own needs and improving them. For example, in 1877, the Ottoman Empire boasted the seventh-longest electric telegraph system in the world; indeed, the Ottomans were among the era’s most advanced nations with regard to modern communication infrastructure. To substantiate her claims about science in the empire, Shefer-Mossensohn studies patterns of learning; state involvement in technological activities; and Turkish- and Arabic-speaking Ottomans who produced, consumed, and altered scientific practices. The results reveal Ottoman participation in science to have been a dynamic force that helped sustain the six-hundred-year empire.

The Palgrave Dictionary Of Transnational History

The Palgrave Dictionary of Transnational History PDF

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Author: A. Iriye
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1349740306
Size: 57.12 MB
Format: PDF
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 1202
View: 624


Written and edited by many of the world's foremost scholars of transnational history, this Dictionary challenges readers to look at the contemporary world in a new light. Contains over 400 entries on transnational subjects such as food, migration and religion, as well as traditional topics such as nationalism and war.

The Routledge History Of Disease

The Routledge History of Disease PDF

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Author: Mark Jackson
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134857942
Size: 78.72 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 618
View: 2112


The Routledge History of Disease draws on innovative scholarship in the history of medicine to explore the challenges involved in writing about health and disease throughout the past and across the globe, presenting a varied range of case studies and perspectives on the patterns, technologies and narratives of disease that can be identified in the past and that continue to influence our present. Organized thematically, chapters examine particular forms and conceptualizations of disease, covering subjects from leprosy in medieval Europe and cancer screening practices in twentieth-century USA to the ayurvedic tradition in ancient India and the pioneering studies of mental illness that took place in nineteenth-century Paris, as well as discussing the various sources and methods that can be used to understand the social and cultural contexts of disease. The book is divided into four sections, focusing in turn on historical models of disease, shifting temporal and geographical patterns of disease, the impact of new technologies on categorizing, diagnosing and treating disease, and the different ways in which patients and practitioners, as well as novelists and playwrights, have made sense of their experiences of disease in the past. International in scope, chronologically wide-ranging and illustrated with images and maps, this comprehensive volume is essential reading for anyone interested in the history of health through the ages.

The Making Of Modern Anthrax 1875 1920

The Making of Modern Anthrax  1875   1920 PDF

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Author: James F Stark
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317318676
Size: 24.87 MB
Format: PDF
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 272
View: 4985


Stark offers a fresh perspective on the history of infectious disease. He examines anthrax in terms of local, national and global significance, and constructs a narrative that spans public, professional and geographic domains.

Health Information In A Changing World Practical Approaches For Teachers Schools And School Librarians

Health Information in a Changing World  Practical Approaches for Teachers  Schools  and School Librarians PDF

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Author: W. Bernard Luckenbill
Publisher: Libraries Unlimited
ISBN: 1598843990
Size: 54.80 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 244
View: 4571


This holistic guide explains how school librarians and teachers can successfully integrate relevant health concepts and life skills throughout the curriculum for students K through 12. • 15 original line drawings illustrating health issues, plus many images drawn from major image collections such as the National Library of Medicine and the Library of Congress • Extensive bibliographies of material that can be used to teach health issues, including selected listings of major health textbooks used in the United States and Canada • List of helpful selection aids and sources for online health information sites

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