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Descartes And The First Cartesians

Descartes and the First Cartesians PDF

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Author: Roger Ariew
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0199563519
Size: 18.98 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 236
View: 1804


Descartes and the First Cartesians adopts the perspective that we should not approach René Descartes as a solitary thinker, but as a philosopher who constructs a dialogue with his contemporaries, so as to engage them and elements of his society into his philosophical enterprise. Roger Ariew argues that an important aspect of this engagement concerns the endeavor to establish Cartesian philosophy in the Schools, that is, to replace Aristotle as theauthority there. Descartes wrote the Principles of Philosophy as something of a rival to Scholastic textbooks, initially conceiving the project as a comparison of his philosophy and that of the Scholastics. Still,what Descartes produced was inadequate for the task. The topics of Scholastic textbooks mirrored the structure of the collegiate curriculum, divided as they typically were into logic, ethics, physics, and metaphysics. But Descartes produced at best only what could be called a general metaphysics and a partial physics. Ariew's original account establishes the significance of his philosophical enterprise in relation to the textbooks of the first Cartesians and in contrast with late Scholastictextbooks.

Historical Dictionary Of Descartes And Cartesian Philosophy

Historical Dictionary of Descartes and Cartesian Philosophy PDF

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Author: Roger Ariew
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 144224769X
Size: 41.80 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 408
View: 4878


This second edition of Historical Dictionary of Descartes and Cartesian Philosophy covers the history through a chronology, an introductory essay, and an extensive bibliography. The dictionary section has over 300 cross-referenced entries on various concepts in Descartes’ philosophy, science, and mathematics, as well as biographical entries about the intellectual setting for Descartes’ philosophy and its reception, both with Cartesians and anti-Cartesians. This book is an excellent access point for students, researchers, and anyone wanting to know more about Descartes.

Descartes And The Dutch

Descartes and the Dutch PDF

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Author: Theo Verbeek
Publisher: Journal on the History of Phil
ISBN:
Size: 37.66 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 168
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Theo Verbeek provides the first book-length examination of the initial reception of Descartes's written works. Drawing on his research of primary materials written in Dutch and Latin and found in libraries all over Europe, even including the Soviet Union, Theo Verbeek opens a period of Descartes's life and of the development of Cartesian philosophy that has been virtually closed since Descartes's death. Verbeek's aim is to provide as complete a picture as possible of the discussions that accompanied the introduction of Descartes's philosophy into Dutch universities, especially those in Utrecht and Leiden, and to analyze some of the major problems that philosophy raised in the eyes of Aristotelian philosophers and orthodox theologians. The period covered extends from 1637, the year in which Descartes published his Discours de la Méthode, until his death in 1650. Verbeek demonstrates how Cartesian philosophy moved successfully into the schools and universities of Holland and how this resulted in a real evolution of Descartes's thought beyond the somewhat dogmatic position of Descartes himself. Verbeek further argues that this progression was an essential step in the universal propagation of Cartesian philosophy throughout Europe during the second half of the seventeenth century. As he details the disputes between Cartesians and anti-Cartesians in Holland, Verbeek shows how the questions raised were related on the one hand to religious conflicts between the Remonstrants and the Orthodox Calvinists and on the other hand to political conflicts between more liberal factions fighting for the union of church and state to enhance religious control of society in general. Contending that Descartes and Cartesian philosophy were central to the development of the modern Dutch state, Verbeek illuminates the role they played in Dutch political, religious, and intellectual life.

Ren Descartes Meditationen Ber Die Erste Philosophie

Ren   Descartes  Meditationen   ber die Erste Philosophie PDF

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Author: Andreas Kemmerling
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3110571803
Size: 66.17 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Philosophy
Languages : de
Pages : 234
View: 7506


Die „Meditationen“ sind ohne Zweifel ein Meilenstein und ein Meisterwerk des abendländischen Denkens. Durch sie wurde Descartes zum ,Vater der modernen Philosophie‘ – und die Erkenntnistheorie auf Jahrhunderte zu deren Fundamentaldisziplin. Bis heute eignet sich kaum ein anderes epochemachendes Werk besser dazu, in der Auseinandersetzung mit den Argumentationsgängen eines Klassikers selbst zu erfahren, was philosophisches Denken ist – und wie es geht. Die neun Kapitel dieses Kommentars sind Originalbeiträge. Sie sollen Studierende und Dozenten bei der Lektüre begleiten und dazu beitragen, das intellektuelle Vergnügen an der Tiefe (und auch Schönheit) der „Meditationen“ noch zu steigern. Mit Beiträgen von: Lilli Alanen, Gary Hatfield, Andreas Hüttemann, Andreas Kemmerling, Tobias Rosefeldt, Andreas Schmidt und Hans-Peter Schütt.

The Oxford Handbook Of Descartes And Cartesianism

The Oxford Handbook of Descartes and Cartesianism PDF

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Author: Steven Nadler
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0192517201
Size: 68.11 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 728
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The Oxford Handbook of Descartes and Cartesianism comprises fifty specially written chapters on René Descartes (1596-1650) and Cartesianism, the dominant paradigm for philosophy and science in the seventeenth century, written by an international group of leading scholars of early modern philosophy. The first part focuses on the various aspects of Descartes's biography (including his background, intellectual contexts, writings, and correspondence) and philosophy, with chapters on his epistemology, method, metaphysics, physics, mathematics, moral philosophy, political thought, medical thought, and aesthetics. The chapters of the second part are devoted to the defense, development and modification of Descartes's ideas by later generations of Cartesian philosophers in France, the Netherlands, Italy, and elsewhere. The third and final part considers the opposition to Cartesian philosophy by other philosophers, as well as by civil, ecclesiastic, and academic authorities. This handbook provides an extensive overview of Cartesianism - its doctrines, its legacies and its fortunes - in the period based on the latest research.

Descartes And The Ingenium

Descartes and the Ingenium PDF

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Author: Raphaële Garrod
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004437622
Size: 66.80 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 256
View: 1569


A historically-informed account of the lasting importance of embodied thought in the intellectual trajectory of René Descartes, still remembered today as the founding father of dualism.

Burchard De Volder And The Age Of The Scientific Revolution

Burchard de Volder and the Age of the Scientific Revolution PDF

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Author: Andrea Strazzoni
Publisher: Springer Nature
ISBN: 3030198782
Size: 26.74 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 733
View: 4657


This monograph details the entire scientific thought of an influential natural philosopher whose contributions, unfortunately, have become obscured by the pages of history. Readers will discover an important thinker: Burchard de Volder. He was instrumental in founding the first experimental cabinet at a European University in 1675. The author goes beyond the familiar image of De Volder as a forerunner of Newtonianism in Continental Europe. He consults neglected materials, including handwritten sources, and takes into account new historiographical categories. His investigation maps the thought of an author who did not sit with an univocal philosophical school, but critically dealt with all the ‘major’ philosophers and scientists of his age: from Descartes to Newton, via Spinoza, Boyle, Huygens, Bernoulli, and Leibniz. It explores the way De Volder’s un-systematic thought used, rejected, and re-shaped their theories and approaches. In addition, the title includes transcriptions of De Volder's teaching materials: disputations, dictations, and notes. Insightful analysis combined with a trove of primary source material will help readers gain a new perspective on a thinker so far mostly ignored by scholars. They will find a thoughtful figure who engaged with early modern science and developed a place that fostered experimental philosophy.

Women And Liberty 1600 1800

Women and Liberty  1600 1800 PDF

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Author: Jacqueline Broad
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0198810261
Size: 33.91 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 272
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There have been many different historical-intellectual accounts of the shaping and development of concepts of liberty in pre-Enlightenment Europe. This volume is unique for addressing the subject of liberty principally as it is discussed in the writings of women philosophers, and as it is theorized with respect to women and their lives, during this period. The volume covers ethical, political, metaphysical, and religious notions of liberty, with some chapters discussing women's ideas about the metaphysics of free will, and others examining the topic of women's freedom (or lack thereof) in their moral and personal lives as well as in the public socio-political domain. In some cases, these topics are situated in relation to the emergence of the concept of autonomy in the late eighteenth century, and in others, with respect to recent feminist theorizing about relational autonomy and internalized oppression. Many of the chapters draw upon a wide range of genres, including polemical texts, poetry, plays, and other forms of fiction, as well as standard philosophical treatises. Taken as a whole, this volume shows how crucial it is to recover the too-long forgotten views of female and women-friendly male philosophers of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. In the process of recovering these voices, our understanding of philosophy in the early modern period is not only expanded, but also significantly enhanced, toward a more accurate and gender-inclusive history of our discipline.

Vernunft Und Offenbarung In Der Theologie Christoph Wittichs 1625 1687

Vernunft und Offenbarung in der Theologie Christoph Wittichs  1625   1687  PDF

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Author: Kai-Ole Eberhardt
Publisher: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht
ISBN: 3647573124
Size: 21.31 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Religion
Languages : de
Pages : 512
View: 1983


Aus der Synthese von Cartesianismus und reformierter Orthodoxie entstand in der zweiten Hälfte des 17. Jahrhunderts eine theologische Bewegung, die vor allem in den Niederlanden die Frage nach der Verhältnisbestimmung von Vernunft und Offenbarung neu stellen ließ. Als deren Apologet machte Christoph Wittich sich einen Namen. Im Zentrum ihrer Kritik stand die von Descartes neu zur Sprache gebrachte These von der Bewegung der Erde um die Sonne. Die ursprünglich von ihren Gegnern sogenannten cartesianischen Theologen um Wittich stellten sich selbst zwei Anforderungen: einerseits biblische Theologie orthodoxen Bekenntnisses zu betreiben, andererseits den neuen wissenschaftlichen Standards, die sich für sie in Wahrheitsbegriff und Naturphilosophie von Descartes bündelten, gerecht zu werden. Wittich entwickelte auf der Grundlage seiner Prolegomena eine Akkommodationstheorie, mit deren Hilfe Themen wie der Heliozentrismus widerspruchsfrei mit biblischen Aussagen vertreten werden konnten.

Physics And Metaphysics In Descartes And In His Reception

Physics and Metaphysics in Descartes and in his Reception PDF

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Author: Delphine Antoine-Mahut
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 0429787553
Size: 25.91 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 292
View: 5000


This volume explores the relationship between physics and metaphysics in Descartes’ philosophy. According to the standard account, Descartes modified the objects of metaphysics and physics and inverted the order in which these two disciplines were traditionally studied. This book challenges the standard account in which Descartes prioritizes metaphysics over physics. It does so by taking into consideration the historical reception of Descartes and the ways in which Descartes himself reacted to these receptions in his own lifetime. The book stresses the diversity of these receptions by taking into account not only Cartesianisms but also anti-Cartesianisms, and by showing how they retroactively highlighted different aspects of Descartes’ works and theoretical choices. The historical aspect of the volume is unique in that it not only analyzes different constructions of Descartes that emerged in the 18th, 19th and 20th centuries, but also reflects on how his work was first read by philosophers across Europe. Taken together, the essays in this volume offer a fresh and up-to-date contribution to this important debate in early modern philosophy.

Dutch Cartesianism And The Birth Of Philosophy Of Science

Dutch Cartesianism and the Birth of Philosophy of Science PDF

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Author: Andrea Strazzoni
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3110569698
Size: 21.88 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 254
View: 2335


How did the relations between philosophy and science evolve during the 17th and the 18th century? This book analyzes this issue by considering the history of Cartesianism in Dutch universities, as well as its legacy in the 18th century. It takes into account the ways in which the disciplines of logic and metaphysics became functional to the justification and reflection on the conceptual premises and the methods of natural philosophy, changing their traditional roles as art of reasoning and as science of being. This transformation took place as a result of two factors. First, logic and metaphysics (which included rational theology) were used to grant the status of indubitable knowledge of natural philosophy. Second, the debates internal to Cartesianism, as well as the emergence of alternative philosophical world-views (such as those of Hobbes, Spinoza, the experimental science and Newtonianism) progressively deprived such disciplines of their foundational function, and they started to become forms of reflection over given scientific practices, either Cartesian, experimental, or Newtonian.

Matter And Form In Early Modern Science And Philosophy

Matter and Form in Early Modern Science and Philosophy PDF

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Author:
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 900422114X
Size: 54.28 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 260
View: 1322


Bringing together an international team of historians of science and philosophy to discuss the fate of matter and form, this volume shows how disputes about matter and form spurred innovation as well as conservatism in early modern science and philosophy.

History Of Universities

History of Universities PDF

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Author: Mordechai Feingold
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0198803621
Size: 74.67 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 240
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Volume XXIX/2 of History of Universities contains the customary mix of learned articles and book reviews which makes this publication such an indispensable tool for the historian of higher education. This special issue, guest edited by Alexander Broadie, particularly focuses on Seventeenth-Century Scottish Philosophers and their Philosophy. The volume is, as always, a lively combination of original research and invaluable reference material.

Journal Of Early Modern Studies Volume 5 Issue 1 Spring 2016

Journal of Early Modern Studies  Volume 5  Issue 1  Spring 2016  PDF

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Author: Vlad Alexandrescu
Publisher: Zeta Books
ISBN: 6066970291
Size: 67.95 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 210
View: 2202


The Journal of Early Modern Studies is an interdisciplinary, peer-reviewed journal of intellectual history, dedicated to the exploration of the interactions between philosophy, science and religion in Early Modern Europe.

Oxford Studies In Early Modern Philosophy Volume 3

Oxford Studies in Early Modern Philosophy Volume 3 PDF

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Author: Daniel Garber
Publisher: Clarendon Press
ISBN: 0191525340
Size: 20.82 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 360
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Oxford University Press is proud to present the third volume in a new annual series, presenting a selection of the best current work in the history of philosophy. Oxford Studies in Early Modern Philosophy focuses on the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries—-the extraordinary period of intellectual flourishing that begins, very roughly, with Descartes and his contemporaries and ends with Kant. It also publishes papers on thinkers or movements outside of that framework, provided they are important in illuminating early modern thought. The articles in OSEMP will be of importance to specialists within the discipline, but the editors also intend that they should appeal to a larger audience of philosophers, intellectual historians, and others who are interested in the development of modern thought.

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