Christian And Islamic Philosophies Of Time

Christian and Islamic Philosophies of Time PDF Book Detail:
Author: Sotiris Mitralexis
Publisher: Vernon Press
ISBN: 1622735137
Size: 33.83 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Religion
Languages : en
Pages : 179
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Book Description: This volume constitutes an attempt at bringing together philosophies of time—or more precisely, philosophies on time and, in a concomitant way, history—emerging from Christianity’s and Islam’s intellectual histories. Starting from the Neoplatonic heritage and the voice of classical philosophy, the volume enters the Byzantine and Arabic intellectual worlds up to Ibn Al-Arabi’s times. A conscious choice in this volume is not to engage with, perhaps, the most prominent figures of Christian and Arabic philosophy, i.e., Augustine on the one hand and Avicenna/Ibn Sina on the other, precisely because these have attracted so much attention due to their prominence in their respective traditions—and beyond. In a certain way, Maximus the Confessor and Ibn Al-Arabi—together with Al-Fārābi—emerge as alternative representatives of their two traditions in this volume, offering two axes for this endeavor. The synthesis of those approaches on time and history, their comparison rather than their mere co-existence, is left to the reader’s critical inquiry and philosophical investigation.

Religious Pluralism In Christian And Islamic Philosophy

Religious Pluralism in Christian and Islamic Philosophy PDF Book Detail:
Author: Adnan Aslan
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781138997257
Size: 65.75 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 308
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Book Description: The philosophy of religion and theology are related to the culture in which they have developed. These disciplines provide a source of values and vision to the cultures of which they are part, while at the same time they are delimited and defined by their cultures. This book compares the ideas of two contemporary philosophers, John Hick and Seyyed Hossein Nasr, on the issues of religion, religions, the concept of the ultimate reality, and the notion of sacred knowledge. On a broader level, it compares two world-views: the one formed by Western Christian culture, which is religious in intention but secular in essence; the other Islamic, formed through the assimilation of traditional wisdom, which is turned against the norms of secular culture and is thus religious both in intention and essence.

Averroes

Averroes PDF Book Detail:
Author: Majid Fakhry
Publisher: Oneworld Publications Limited
ISBN:
Size: 78.13 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Biography & Autobiography
Languages : en
Pages : 187
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Book Description: An in-depth portrait of the great Muslim philosopher introduces readers to the fascinating and controversial ideas that landed Averroes in hot water on more than one occasion. Original .

What Is Islamic Philosophy

What is Islamic Philosophy  PDF Book Detail:
Author: Roy Jackson
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317814045
Size: 79.59 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Religion
Languages : en
Pages : 190
View: 305

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Book Description: What is Islamic Philosophy? offers a broad introduction to Islamic thought, from its origins to the many challenging issues facing Muslims in the contemporary world. The chapters explore early Islamic philosophy and trace its development through key themes and figures up to the twenty-first century. Topics covered include: ethical issues such as just war, abortion, women’s rights, homosexuality and cloning questions in political philosophy regarding what kind of Islamic state could exist and how democratic can (or should) Islam really be the contribution of Islam to ‘big questions’ such as the existence of God, the concept of the soul, and what constitutes truth. This fresh and original book includes a helpful glossary and suggestions for further reading. It is ideal for students coming to the subject for the first time as well as anyone wanting to learn about the philosophical tradition and dilemmas that are part of the Islamic worldview.

Al Kindi

Al Kindi PDF Book Detail:
Author: Bridget Lim
Publisher: The Rosen Publishing Group, Inc
ISBN: 1508171319
Size: 28.81 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Juvenile Nonfiction
Languages : en
Pages : 112
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Book Description: Al-Kindi is believed by many scholars to be the first Islamic philosopher. At a time when Europe was plunged into the Dark Ages, the Islamic world was experiencing an important time of cultural growth and scientific advancement. While many considered Muslim students of ancient Greek philosophers to be infidels, al-Kindi was able to master the scholarship while interpreting it through his Muslim faith. His conclusions always supported the teachings of Islam, but the methods that he drew upon to reach these conclusions were rooted in science, math, and principles accepted by many other cultures and faiths.

Modern Philosophies Of Human Nature

Modern Philosophies of Human Nature PDF Book Detail:
Author: P. Langford
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9789024733705
Size: 17.56 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 265
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Book Description: General Argument My aim is to survey some of the most influential philosophical writers on human nature from the time that Augustine codified Christian belief to the present. During this period philosophical opinions about human nature underwent a transformation from the God-centered views of Augustine and the scholastics to the human-centered ideas of Nietzsche, Freud and Sartre. While one aim has simply been to provide a handy survey, I do have three polemical purposes. One is to oppose the notion that the modernism of more recent writers was produced by methodological innovations. According to both Freud and Sartre, as well as other key figures like Lacan and Heidegger, their views were the product of new methods of investigating human nature, namely those of psychoanalysis and the phenomenological reduction. Psych,oanalysis claimed to use the interpretation of both dreams and the relationship between analyst and patient to penetrate the unconscious. Phenomenology has claimed that trained philosophers are able to obtain a privilege;d view of consciousness by a special act of thought called the phenomenological reduction which enables them to view consciousness without preconceptions. On many issues my sympathies are with Nietzsche rather than with Freud or phenomenology. This is also the case regarding methodology. Nietzsche saw quite clearly that the possibility of popularising the views he himself held came from the decline of ChristianitY. My rejection of exclusive reliance upon the methodologies of psychoanalysis and phenomenology is based on two lines of argument.

Timing And Temporality In Islamic Philosophy And Phenomenology Of Life

Timing and Temporality in Islamic Philosophy and Phenomenology of Life PDF Book Detail:
Author: Anna-Teresa Tymieniecka
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402061609
Size: 38.74 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 346
View: 6995

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Book Description: The puzzling nature of temporality and timing of reality remains controversial. This book offers a collection of studies that seeks a new answer by initiating a novel investigation informed by the ancient wisdom of the Greaco-Arabic-Islamic sources and inheritance, on the one side, and the contemporary discernment of Occidental phenomenology of life, on the other, in a common dialogical effort to unravel this great enigma of existence.

The Legend Of The Middle Ages

The Legend of the Middle Ages PDF Book Detail:
Author: Rémi Brague
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 022679721X
Size: 19.32 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Religion
Languages : en
Pages : 304
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Book Description: This volume presents a penetrating interview and sixteen essays that explore key intersections of medieval religion and philosophy. With characteristic erudition and insight, RémiBrague focuses less on individual Christian, Jewish, and Muslim thinkers than on their relationships with one another. Their disparate philosophical worlds, Brague shows, were grounded in different models of revelation that engendered divergent interpretations of the ancient Greek sources they held in common. So, despite striking similarities in their solutions for the philosophical problems they all faced, intellectuals in each theological tradition often viewed the others’ ideas with skepticism, if not disdain. Brague’s portrayal of this misunderstood age brings to life not only its philosophical and theological nuances, but also lessons for our own time.

Spirituality And Science Greek Judeo Christian And Islamic Perspectives

Spirituality and Science  Greek  Judeo Christian and Islamic Perspectives PDF Book Detail:
Author: Gerald Grudzen
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781434342362
Size: 57.88 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Philosophy and science
Languages : en
Pages : 192
View: 770

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Book Description: Spirituality and Science: Greek, Judaeo-Christian and Islamic Perspectives shows that the historical origins of Western science lie in the medieval synthesis of Greek science and philosophy with the faith traditions of Judaism, Christianity and Islam. This synthesis is most evident in medieval medicine where the synergies of Greek philosophy and Greek science are most evident. The first such Western synthesis of medieval medicine took place in the eleventh cenury at the monastery of Monte Cassino when Constantine the African translated, for the first time, Arabic medical manuscripts into Latin. These manuscripts became the core of the first medical curriculum in the West called the Articella and formed the foundation for the first Western medical curriculum in Salerno. Other translations of Arabic science continued over the next century forming the basis for the medieval scientific curriculum in Astronomy, Chemistry, Surgery and Pharmacology. In the Golden Age of Islamic culture found in the Eastern and Western Caliphates centered in Baghdad and Cordoba during the ninth and tenth centuries, we find a great flowering of scientic studies. A synthesis occurred of Greek, Syriac and Arabic scientific insights and methods. These scientists and philosophers elaborated the rational implications of both faith and science. This harmony of the three pillars of medieval society, faith, philosophy and science, continued well into the medieval era in both the Islamic and Christian worlds and continued to be the case well into the Renaissance era in Western Europe. This book was written jointly by Christian and Islamic philosophers; it shows that Christianity and Islam played a key role in bridging the world of Greek philosophy and science with the Arabic and European intellectual traditions. This collaboration proved vital to the development of sicence in the medieval universities and the Scientific Revolution of the sixteenth and seventeetnth