Bridges And Barriers

Bridges and Barriers PDF Book Detail:
Author: Eddie Williams
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317639243
Size: 20.52 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 257
View: 4300

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Book Description: Recent decades have seen sub-Saharan Africa decline in both economic and human terms. The rich North has responded with a barrage of well-publicized initiatives, from pop concerts to international commitments on debt relief, aid, trade and good governance. Among the complex of factors necessary to sustain economic and human development, education receives little media coverage, although it is crucial. However, education must be effective. This book argues that in 'Anglophone' Africa, education is not effective because of the use of English, rather than children's first languages, both as the medium of instruction, and also as the language in which children are first taught to read. Research is presented from Malawi and Zambia, countries with contrasting language policies, using evidence from tests in English and African languages, small-group discussions and classroom observation. The findings show that English-medium policies in Africa do not give students any advantage in English over first-language policies, while the use of English discriminates against girls and rural children. The book concludes that much education in Africa is a barrier rather than a bridge to learning because of the prevailing language ideology, which has resulted in massive over-estimation of the value of English. While appropriate language policies alone will not solve education and development difficulties in Africa, they do have a positive contribution to make. The evidence presented here suggests they are failing to make that contribution.

Bridges Or Barriers

Bridges Or Barriers PDF Book Detail:
Author: Women's Project
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 11.20 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 34
View: 1680

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Book Description:

Bridges And Barriers

Bridges and Barriers PDF Book Detail:
Author: Filippos Pierros
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 0429648812
Size: 63.90 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 336
View: 157

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Book Description: Originally published in 1999, Bridges and Barriers is a detailed study of the European Union’s Mediterranean Policy from the initial agreements in the 1960s to the recent Euro-Mediterranean Partnership . The scope of this analysis includes the Maghreb and Mashreq countries in addition to Turkey, Malta, Israel, the Occupied Territories and Cyprus. The authors argue that the limited success of trade and development policy in this region resulted from endogenous and exogenous factors: examples of the former include the lack of the political will necessary to implement trade, aid and reform policies, while the latter include the energy crisis of the 1970s, the Arab-Israeli conflict and the Cold War.

Bridges And Barriers

Bridges and Barriers PDF Book Detail:
Author: Eddie Williams
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317639251
Size: 30.16 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 257
View: 1152

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Book Description: Recent decades have seen sub-Saharan Africa decline in both economic and human terms. The rich North has responded with a barrage of well-publicized initiatives, from pop concerts to international commitments on debt relief, aid, trade and good governance. Among the complex of factors necessary to sustain economic and human development, education receives little media coverage, although it is crucial. However, education must be effective. This book argues that in 'Anglophone' Africa, education is not effective because of the use of English, rather than children's first languages, both as the medium of instruction, and also as the language in which children are first taught to read. Research is presented from Malawi and Zambia, countries with contrasting language policies, using evidence from tests in English and African languages, small-group discussions and classroom observation. The findings show that English-medium policies in Africa do not give students any advantage in English over first-language policies, while the use of English discriminates against girls and rural children. The book concludes that much education in Africa is a barrier rather than a bridge to learning because of the prevailing language ideology, which has resulted in massive over-estimation of the value of English. While appropriate language policies alone will not solve education and development difficulties in Africa, they do have a positive contribution to make. The evidence presented here suggests they are failing to make that contribution.

Barriers And Bridges

Barriers and bridges PDF Book Detail:
Author: Gerd Lauten
Publisher:
ISBN: 9783129279021
Size: 32.67 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category :
Languages : de
Pages : 96
View: 2658

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Book Description:

Bridges And Barriers

Bridges and Barriers PDF Book Detail:
Author: Jayne S. McCreadie
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 34.90 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Art therapy
Languages : en
Pages : 186
View: 2783

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Book Description: