The Port Royal Logic

The Port Royal Logic PDF Book Detail:
Author: Antoine Arnauld
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 30.17 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Language and logic
Languages : en
Pages : 430
View: 6573

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Book Description:

The Cartesian Semantics Of The Port Royal Logic

The Cartesian Semantics of the Port Royal Logic PDF Book Detail:
Author: John N. Martin
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351249177
Size: 63.53 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 242
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Book Description: This book sets out for the first time in English and in the terms of modern logic the semantics of the Port Royal Logic (La Logique ou l’Art de penser, 1662-1685) of Antoine Arnauld and Pierre Nicole, perhaps the most influential logic book in the 17th and 18th centuries. Its goal is to explain how the Logic reworks the foundation of pre-Cartesian logic so as to make it compatible with Descartes’ metaphysics. The Logic’s authors forged a new theory of reference based on the medieval notion of objective being, which is essentially the modern notion of intentional content. Indeed, the book’s central aim is to detail how the Logic reoriented semantics so that it centered on the notion of intentional content. This content, which the Logic calls comprehension, consists of an idea’s defining modes. Mechanisms are defined in terms of comprehension that rework earlier explanations of central notions like conceptual inclusion, signification, abstraction, idea restriction, sensation, and most importantly within the Logic’s metatheory, the concept of idea-extension, which is a new technical concept coined by the Logic. Although Descartes is famous for rejecting "Aristotelianism," he says virtually nothing about technical concepts in logic. His followers fill the gap. By putting to use the doctrine of objective being, which had been a relatively minor part of medieval logic, they preserve more central semantic doctrines, especially a correspondence theory of truth. A recurring theme of the book is the degree to which the Logic hews to medieval theory. This interpretation is at odds with what has become a standard reading among French scholars according to which this 16th-century work should be understood as rejecting earlier logic along with Aristotelian metaphysics, and as putting in its place structures more like those of 19th-century class theory.

Logic Or The Art Of Thinking

Logic  Or  The Art of Thinking PDF Book Detail:
Author: Antoine Arnauld
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 63.61 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Logic
Languages : en
Pages : 362
View: 554

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Book Description:

Logic Or The Art Of Thinking

Logic Or the Art of Thinking PDF Book Detail:
Author:
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781436538244
Size: 10.83 MB
Format: PDF
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 408
View: 887

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Book Description: This scarce antiquarian book is a facsimile reprint of the original. Due to its age, it may contain imperfections such as marks, notations, marginalia and flawed pages. Because we believe this work is culturally important, we have made it available as part of our commitment for protecting, preserving, and promoting the world's literature in affordable, high quality, modern editions that are true to the original work.

The Port Royal Logic

The Port Royal Logic PDF Book Detail:
Author: Antoine Arnauld
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 68.21 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Logic
Languages : en
Pages : 430
View: 2484

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Book Description:

Descartes Cogito

Descartes  Cogito PDF Book Detail:
Author: Husain Sarkar
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781139442039
Size: 60.70 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 305
View: 4795

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Book Description: Perhaps the most famous proposition in the history of philosophy is Descartes' cogito 'I think, therefore I am'. Husain Sarkar claims in this provocative interpretation of Descartes that the ancient tradition of reading the cogito as an argument is mistaken. It should, he says, be read as an intuition. Through this interpretative lens, the author reconsiders key Cartesian topics: the ideal inquirer, the role of clear and distinct ideas, the relation of these to the will, memory, the nature of intuition and deduction, the nature, content and elusiveness of 'I', and the tenability of the doctrine of the creation of eternal truths. Finally, the book demonstrates how Descartes' attempt to prove the existence of God is foiled by a new Cartesian Circle.

The Art Of Thinking Port Royal Logic

The Art of Thinking  Port Royal Logic PDF Book Detail:
Author: Antoine Arnauld
Publisher: Bobbs-Merrill Company
ISBN:
Size: 13.14 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Logic
Languages : en
Pages : 378
View: 2892

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Book Description:

Mediaeval And Renaissance Logic

Mediaeval and Renaissance Logic PDF Book Detail:
Author: Dov M. Gabbay
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080560854
Size: 18.42 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Mathematics
Languages : en
Pages : 728
View: 4615

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Book Description: Starting at the very beginning with Aristotle's founding contributions, logic has been graced by several periods in which the subject has flourished, attaining standards of rigour and conceptual sophistication underpinning a large and deserved reputation as a leading expression of human intellectual effort. It is widely recognized that the period from the mid-19th century until the three-quarter mark of the century just past marked one of these golden ages, a period of explosive creativity and transforming insights. It has been said that ignorance of our history is a kind of amnesia, concerning which it is wise to note that amnesia is an illness. It would be a matter for regret, if we lost contact with another of logic's golden ages, one that greatly exceeds in reach that enjoyed by mathematical symbolic logic. This is the period between the 11th and 16th centuries, loosely conceived of as the Middle Ages. The logic of this period does not have the expressive virtues afforded by the symbolic resources of uninterpreted calculi, but mediaeval logic rivals in range, originality and intellectual robustness a good deal of the modern record. The range of logic in this period is striking, extending from investigation of quantifiers and logic consequence to inquiries into logical truth; from theories of reference to accounts of identity; from work on the modalities to the stirrings of the logic of relations, from theories of meaning to analyses of the paradoxes, and more. While the scope of mediaeval logic is impressive, of greater importance is that nearly all of it can be read by the modern logician with at least some prospect of profit. The last thing that mediaeval logic is, is a museum piece. Mediaeval and Renaissance Logic is an indispensable research tool for anyone interested in the development of logic, including researchers, graduate and senior undergraduate students in logic, history of logic, mathematics, history of mathematics, computer science and AI, linguistics, cognitive science, argumentation theory, philosophy, and the history of ideas. - Provides detailed and comprehensive chapters covering the entire range of modal logic - Contains the latest scholarly discoveries and interpretative insights that answer many questions in the field of logic

The Semantics Of John Stuart Mill

The Semantics of John Stuart Mill PDF Book Detail:
Author: W.R. de Jong
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400978162
Size: 55.13 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 250
View: 4039

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Book Description: The original, Dutch version of this book served in 1979 as a doctoral disserta tion in philosophy at the Free University in Amsterdam. In this preface to the - slightly revised - English translation, I wish once again to express my gratitude to my supervisors, Prof. J. van der Hoeven of the Free University and Prof. G. Nuchelmans of the University of Leiden, for their excellent and stimulating support. Professor van der Hoeven was associated with this project from the outset. It was a privilege to benefit from his incisive commentaries, especially in those instances where the objective was to break through to more fundamental insights. I shall not lightly forget his friendly and heartening encouragement. I am equally grateful for my discussions with Professor Nuchelmans. I almost always tried to follow his advice, since it was based upon awesome expertness and erudition. I am happy to have found in the person of Herbert Donald Morton, Th.M., M.A., an able and enthusiastic translator. Drs. Gerben Groenewoud made the translations of a number of the Latin citations. I acknowledge permission from Routledge and Kegan Paul and the University of Toronto Press to quote from The Collected Works of John Stuart Mill. And I thank the Netherlands Organization for the Advancement of Pure Research (Z.W.O.) for fmancing this translation.