Sustaining And Sharing Economic Growth In Tanzania

Sustaining and Sharing Economic Growth in Tanzania PDF Book Detail:
Author: Robert J. Utz
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 0821371967
Size: 18.93 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 341
View: 1904

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Book Description: Far reaching macro-economic and structural reforms combined with increases in government spending have been the primary drivers of Tanzania's growth acceleration. As growth in government spending slows, the locomotive for growth will need to shift to increased demand for exports and domestically produced goods, requiring Tanzania to strengthen substantially its international competitiveness, accelerate structural change, and safeguard the environment while maintaining macroeconomic stability. For Tanzania's poor to be able to participate and benefit from important growth, a greater focus on rural development, improved governance of the management of Tanzania's natural resources, and better targeting of social services to the poor is suggested. Successful design and implementation of a shared growth strategy will also require a strengthening of policy management and coordination in Tanzania to ensure that scarce human and financial resources are effectively deployed.

Tanzania

Tanzania PDF Book Detail:
Author: World Bank
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 0821378694
Size: 10.87 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Electronic books
Languages : en
Pages : 43
View: 2110

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Book Description: "The World Bank is in the initial stages of developing a new annual series of World Bank Country Briefs. Tanzania- the second report in the series - will be published in the winter of 2009. These short, country-specific reports examine the economic, social, environmental, and business landscape of developing countries, focusing on issues critical to development. [ Overview [ People and Poverty [ Environment [ Economy [ Governance and Business Environment [ Global Links [ Statistical Appendix"

Toxic Aid

Toxic Aid PDF Book Detail:
Author: Sebastian Edwards
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191015369
Size: 43.80 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 232
View: 3512

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Book Description: For many years Tanzania was the darling of international aid agencies. During the 1970s it received more assistance per capita than any other nation in the world. And yet, the economy performed dismally: growth was negative, exports collapsed, and poverty increased massively. In the mid 1980s, however, the international community changed tacks and developed an approach based on conditionality and 'program ownership'. Since 1996 the country has grown steadily, and social conditions have improved significantly. This book provides an economic history of Tanzania, since independence in 1961. It covers the policies of African Socialism and the Arusha Declaration, the collapse of the early 1980s, the rocky relationships with the IMF, and the reforms of the 1990s and 2000s.

Sustaining Soil Productivity In Response To Global Climate Change

Sustaining Soil Productivity in Response to Global Climate Change PDF Book Detail:
Author: Thomas J. Sauer
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 047096023X
Size: 27.41 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 264
View: 6044

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Book Description: Sustaining Soil Productivity in Response to Global Climate Change: Science, Policy, and Ethics is a multi-disciplinary volume exploring the ethical, political and social issues surrounding the stewardship of our vital soil resources. Based on topics presented by an international group of experts at a conference convened through support of the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development, chapters include scientific studies on carbon sequestration, ecosystem services, maintaining soil fertility, and the effects of greenhouse gas emissions, as well as ethical issues ranging from allocation of land use to policies needed for climate change adaptation and mitigation. Bringing together the latest research in soil science and climatology, Sustaining Soil Productivity in Response to Global Climate Change is a valuable resource for soil and plant scientists, agronomists and environmental scientists, as well as agricultural and natural resources engineers and economists, environmental policy makers and conservationists. Key Features: Written by an international group of authors representing a cross-section of scientists, thought leaders, and policy-makers Includes chapters on the potential effects of climate change on forest soil carbon, microbial function, and the role of soils and biogeochemistry in the climate and earth system Explores historical development of land use ethics and stewardship

Bioenergy For Sustainable Development In Africa

Bioenergy for Sustainable Development in Africa PDF Book Detail:
Author: Rainer Janssen
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9789400721814
Size: 50.85 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 414
View: 6898

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Book Description: The work builds on the results of the COMPETE Bioenergy Competence Platform for Africa, which was supported by the European Commission and coordinated by WIP Renewable Energies, Germany. The five sections cover biomass production and use, biomass technologies and markets in Africa, biomass policies, sustainability, and financial and socio-economic issues. This valuable work is, in effect, a single-source treatment of a key energy sector in a part of the world which still has a lot of unrealised potential for development.

Measuring Innovation In Oecd And Non Oecd Countries

Measuring Innovation in OECD and Non OECD Countries PDF Book Detail:
Author: William Blankley
Publisher: HSRC Press
ISBN: 9780796920621
Size: 54.98 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 330
View: 809

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Book Description: It is widely accepted that innovation is key to economic growth. Countries where research and innovation are high on the national agenda are best suited to prosper in the knowledge-based economy. Conversely, countries whose economies are mainly dependent on natural resources and basic industries tend to lack competitiveness and flexibility in adapting to changing global trends. The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) has long been concerned with the measurement of research and experimental development (R&D) and innovation activities. Under apartheid rule South Africa was barred from participating in OECD activities. Shortly after the advent of democracy in South Africa in 1994 the then Department of Arts, Culture, Science and Technology (now the Department of Science and Technology) initiated the process of applying for observer status on the OECD Committee for Scientific and Technological Policy. South Africa gained observer status in 1998. In March 2001, the Department and the OECD jointly hosted an international seminar in Pretoria on the measurement of innovation activities in OECD and non-OECD countries. This book is a collection of selected papers that were presented at the seminar by leading international and South African experts in innovation measurement. The chapters reflect various aspects of the measurement of innovation and how these measurements are applied in different countries. The volume contributes to the debate that exists between developing and developed countries on their approaches to the measurement of innovation.

Redd Politics In The Media A Case Study From Tanzania

REDD  politics in the media  A case study from Tanzania PDF Book Detail:
Author: Demetrius Kweka
Publisher: CIFOR
ISBN:
Size: 35.19 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Electronic book
Languages : en
Pages : 20
View: 6617

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Book Description: This research is part of the policy component of CIFOR’s global comparative study on Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation (GCS-REDD+), which is conducting research in 12 countries across Africa, Asia and Latin America. The media analysis investigates how discourse around REDD+ policy is framed in the mainstream Tanzanian press, identifying media frames and the main actors and their positions on REDD+, while looking at a range of variables at different levels. The study found that Tanzania is actively involved in REDD+, both by developing supportive policies and by implementing projects on the ground primarily with support from Norway. The media reflects the general agreement, support for and optimism about REDD+ by various stakeholders. REDD+ is seen as a source of additional income for local communities and as a mechanism to curb deforestation. The main concerns expressed are whether its implementation will be effective and cost efficient, and whether benefits will be shared equitably. Two major actors were found to be shaping the REDD+ discourse in Tanzania: government agencies and nongovernmental organizations (NGOs). The study found that REDD+ discourse in Tanzania revolved around three main meta-topics: ecology, economics and marketing with a strong correlation between REDD+ and economic growth. Deforestation, forest conservation and sustainable forest management received more publicity than any other topic, followed by funding for REDD+ and carbon trading. Most REDD+ articles focused on prognosis (i.e. proposing solutions to the problems of deforestation). Actors were optimistic and skeptical at the same time, viewing REDD+ as a source of income and a means to curb deforestation, but expressing concern about certain issues (i.e. benefit sharing, land tenure and carbon rights) that leave a lot of unanswered questions about how it will unfold.

Lessons From Payments For Ecosystem Services For Redd Benefit Sharing Mechanisms

Lessons from Payments for Ecosystem Services for REDD  Benefit Sharing Mechanisms PDF Book Detail:
Author: Lasse Loft
Publisher: CIFOR
ISBN:
Size: 52.36 MB
Format: PDF
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 12
View: 7577

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Book Description: Where benefits and costs accrue at different scales, financial intermediaries are needed to facilitate relations between global-scale buyers and local-scale providers of carbon sequestration and storage. These intermediaries can help to collect and distribute payments and to promote the scheme to potential beneficiaries. The benefits distributed should compensate for the transaction, opportunity and implementation costs incurred by stakeholders for providing ecosystem services. Therefore, calculating the costs and understanding who incurs them are essential for benefit sharing. Targeting benefits according to a set of criteria that match the objectives of the specific mechanism increases the mechanism’s efficiency. As the level of performance-based payments may not be able to compete with the opportunity costs of highly profitable land uses, performance-related benefit-sharing mechanisms should be focused on areas with moderate opportunity costs. Benefits should be divided into upfront payments to cover startup costs and to give an initial incentive for participation, and payments upon delivery of ecosystem services to ensure adherence to conditionality.

Compendium Of Land Use Laws For Sustainable Development

Compendium of Land Use Laws for Sustainable Development PDF Book Detail:
Author: John R. Nolon
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521862175
Size: 38.98 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 442
View: 269

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Book Description: This 2006 volume is a collection of land use laws that attempt to achieve sustainable development.