Reducing Inequality For Shared Growth In China

Reducing Inequality for Shared Growth in China PDF Book Detail:
Author: The World Bank
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 9780821385012
Size: 38.96 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 392
View: 5937

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Book Description: Guangdong, a province of over 93 million residents, is located on the southern coast of China, boarding with Hong Kong, China. As China s powerhouse for economic growth and a pioneer of reform and opening up, Guangdong has maintained an annual average GDP growth rate of 13.7 percent over the past three decades. Its historical achievements notwithstanding, Guangdong witnessed increased inequality and regional disparity. To assist the authority in developing a strategy for the new phase of reforms that promotes more inclusive and sustainable growth, Reducing Inequality for Shared Growth in Guangdong Province recommends a three-pillar approach: eliminating absolute poverty, reducing inequality in opportunities, and containing inequality in outcomes. The book also proposes a range of policy actions in these three broad areas. First, to further develop the social assistance program (i.e. the minimum living allowance program ) to address the issue of absolute poverty; Second, to improve income opportunities of the rural poor by better facilitating rural labor migration to non-farming jobs and urban labor markets, deepening rural finance reform, and providing better protection of their rights over land. Third, to invest in people through more equitable access to and financing of social services such as basic education, skills development, and health care. Further reform of the intergovernmental fiscal system is essential to the success of these efforts. This report will be of interest to central and sub-national policy makers, policy implementing agencies, researchers, development partners, and others working on economic and social development in China and in other countries. Guangdong s experience will offer great value to the rest of China and to other countries that are grappling with similar development challenges.

Fiscal Underpinnings For Sustainable Development In China

Fiscal Underpinnings for Sustainable Development in China PDF Book Detail:
Author: Ehtisham Ahmad
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9811062862
Size: 29.84 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 252
View: 1442

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Book Description: This book collects high-quality papers on issues related to the rebalancing strategy in China, new clean cities as “hubs’’, liability management, and involving the private sector, including through PPPs, with specific examples from Guangdong. Guangdong has been at the forefront of economic reforms in China since the advent of the Responsibility System in the late 1970s, and its successes and challenges reflect those of China as a whole. The need for rebalancing towards a more inclusive and sustainable path is also critical in Guangdong, just as it is in China. Strengthening the fiscal underpinnings and the next stages of tax reforms are critical drivers to accomplishing the requisite structural changes.

The Sage Handbook Of Contemporary China

The SAGE Handbook of Contemporary China PDF Book Detail:
Author: Weiping Wu
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1526455617
Size: 18.59 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 1356
View: 3799

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Book Description: An exploration of the transformations of contemporary China, firmly grounded in both disciplinary and China-specific contexts.

China S Social Development And Policy

China s Social Development and Policy PDF Book Detail:
Author: Litao Zhao
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135046875
Size: 71.15 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 262
View: 5624

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Book Description: In China, social development has fallen far behind economic development. This book looks at why this is the case, and poses the question of whether the conditions, structures and institutions that have locked China into unbalanced development are changing to pave the way for the next stage of development. Based on an empirical examination of ideological, structural and institutional transformations that have shaped China’s development experiences, the book analyses China’s reform and development in the social domain, including pension, healthcare, public housing, ethnic policy, and public expenditure on social programs. The book moves beyond descriptive analyses to understand the role of broader changes in shaping and redefining the pattern of development in China.

Tackling Inequalities In Brazil China India And South Africa The Role Of Labour Market And Social Policies

Tackling Inequalities in Brazil  China  India and South Africa The Role of Labour Market and Social Policies PDF Book Detail:
Author: OECD
Publisher: OECD Publishing
ISBN: 9264088369
Size: 33.53 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 308
View: 4298

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Book Description: This book focuses on the role of growth and employment/unemployment developments in explaining recent income inequality trends in Brazil, China, India and South Africa, and discusses the roles played by labour market and social policies in both shaping and addressing these inequalities.

Sustaining And Sharing Economic Growth In Tanzania

Sustaining and Sharing Economic Growth in Tanzania PDF Book Detail:
Author: Robert J. Utz
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 0821371967
Size: 57.28 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 341
View: 640

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Book Description: Far reaching macro-economic and structural reforms combined with increases in government spending have been the primary drivers of Tanzania's growth acceleration. As growth in government spending slows, the locomotive for growth will need to shift to increased demand for exports and domestically produced goods, requiring Tanzania to strengthen substantially its international competitiveness, accelerate structural change, and safeguard the environment while maintaining macroeconomic stability. For Tanzania's poor to be able to participate and benefit from important growth, a greater focus on rural development, improved governance of the management of Tanzania's natural resources, and better targeting of social services to the poor is suggested. Successful design and implementation of a shared growth strategy will also require a strengthening of policy management and coordination in Tanzania to ensure that scarce human and financial resources are effectively deployed.

East Asia Integrates

East Asia Integrates PDF Book Detail:
Author: Kathie Krumm
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 0821383450
Size: 75.47 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 246
View: 3763

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Book Description: Emerging East Asian economies have seen their share of world exports more than triple during the past quarter-century, and intraregional trade has driven this growth. Broad measures of development in East Asia have improved at the same headlong pace. Why push further integration now? Two economic events of historic proportions provide the context: strategic thinking of development in the region following the East Asian financial crisis of 1997-98 and the accession of China to the World Trade Organization. Policymakers interested in a stable, prosperous region are concerned by mildly rising inequality within countries and a widening gap between richer economies and the poorest economies. Increasingly, the development agenda in the region with its focus on growth, jobs, and social stability and the trade policy agenda with its focus on market access and competitiveness have become intertwined. East Asian policymakers seek to develop a coherent set of economic policies that can deliver stability, growth, and regional integration. Without attempting to be comprehensive, 'East Asia Integrates' offers fundamental strategies that promote cross-border flows of trade, along with domestic policies on logistics, trade facilitation, standards and institutions to maximize the impact of these flows on development and distribute the gains from trade widely. As the authors demonstrate, multilateral and regional trade initiatives must provide a compelling vision of how integration can deliver broadly shared growth and prosperity if they are to succeed. In addition, they must use the momentum offered by trade agreements to address the links between trade on the one hand, and social stability, poverty reduction, and growth on the other.

Achieving Inclusive Growth In The Asia Pacific

Achieving Inclusive Growth in the Asia Pacific PDF Book Detail:
Author: Adam Triggs
Publisher: ANU Press
ISBN: 1760463825
Size: 57.78 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 312
View: 5117

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Book Description: The world’s developed economies are experiencing a sharp backlash against globalisation, and it appears to be contagious. Will Asia catch it next? Asia has seen spectacular growth in recent decades. It has benefited substantially from global trade, finance, openness and the rules-based international order. But much of the growth Asia has enjoyed has not been shared. It has not been inclusive growth. Inequality in Asia is among the highest in the world. The richest man in Vietnam now earns more in a single day than the poorest person does in a decade. Asia has far to go in making its societies more inclusive to women, ethnic minorities and the LGBT community. How can Asia reduce inequality? What are the forces that determine whether growth in the Asia Pacific is inclusive or not? And what can be done to make Asia’s growth more inclusive in the future? This book brings together the region’s leading thinkers to explore how to change Asia’s trajectory, before it is too late. The Pacific Trade and Development (PAFTAD) conference series has been at the forefront of analysing challenges facing the economies of East Asia and the Pacific since its first meeting in Tokyo in January 1968.

The Key To The Asian Miracle

The Key to the Asian Miracle PDF Book Detail:
Author: José Edgardo L. Campos
Publisher: Brookings Institution Press
ISBN:
Size: 50.65 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 198
View: 755

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Book Description: Examines the factors behind the remarkable success of the East Asian "miracle" economies.

Towards A Better Global Economy

Towards a Better Global Economy PDF Book Detail:
Author: Franklin Allen
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191035130
Size: 34.42 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 352
View: 3243

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Book Description: Substantial progress in the fight against extreme poverty was made in the last two decades. But the slowdown in global economic growth and significant increases in income inequality in many developed and developing countries raise serious concerns about the continuation of this trend into the 21st century. The time has come to seriously think about how improvements in official global governance, coupled with and reinforced by rising activism of 'global citizens' can lead to welfare-enhancing and more equitable results for global citizens through better national and international policies. This book examines the factors that are most likely to facilitate the process of beneficial economic growth in low-, middle-, and high-income countries. It examines past, present, and future economic growth; demographic changes; the hyperglobalization of trade; the effect of finance on growth; climate change and resource depletion; and the sense of global citizenship and the need for global governance in order to draw longer-term implications, identify policy options for improving the lives of average citizens around the world, and make the case for the need to confront new challenges with truly global policy responses. The book documents how demographic changes, convergence, and competition are likely to bring about massive shifts in the sectoral and geographical composition of global output and employment, as the center of gravity of the global economy moves toward Asia and emerging economies elsewhere. It shows that the legacies of the 2008-09 crisis-high unemployment levels, massive excess capacities, and high debt levels-are likely to reduce the standard of living of millions of people in many countries over a long period of adjustment and that fluctuations in international trade, financial markets, and commodity prices, as well as the tendency of institutions at both the national and international level to favor the interests of the better-off and more powerful pose substantial risks for citizens of all countries. The chapters and their policy implications are intended to stimulate public interest and facilitate the exchange of ideas and policy dialogue.