Model Reduction And Approximation

Model Reduction and Approximation PDF Book Detail:
Author: Peter Benner
Publisher: SIAM
ISBN: 1611974828
Size: 28.99 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 412
View: 5242

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Book Description: Many physical, chemical, biomedical, and technical processes can be described by partial differential equations or dynamical systems. In spite of increasing computational capacities, many problems are of such high complexity that they are solvable only with severe simplifications, and the design of efficient numerical schemes remains a central research challenge. This book presents a tutorial introduction to recent developments in mathematical methods for model reduction and approximation of complex systems. Model Reduction and Approximation: Theory and Algorithms contains three parts that cover (I) sampling-based methods, such as the reduced basis method and proper orthogonal decomposition, (II) approximation of high-dimensional problems by low-rank tensor techniques, and (III) system-theoretic methods, such as balanced truncation, interpolatory methods, and the Loewner framework. It is tutorial in nature, giving an accessible introduction to state-of-the-art model reduction and approximation methods. It also covers a wide range of methods drawn from typically distinct communities (sampling based, tensor based, system-theoretic).?? This book is intended for researchers interested in model reduction and approximation, particularly graduate students and young researchers.

Approximation Of Large Scale Dynamical Systems

Approximation of Large Scale Dynamical Systems PDF Book Detail:
Author: Athanasios C. Antoulas
Publisher: SIAM
ISBN: 0898716586
Size: 50.42 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Mathematics
Languages : en
Pages : 510
View: 5652

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Book Description: Mathematical models are used to simulate, and sometimes control, the behavior of physical and artificial processes such as the weather and very large-scale integration (VLSI) circuits. The increasing need for accuracy has led to the development of highly complex models. However, in the presence of limited computational accuracy and storage capabilities model reduction (system approximation) is often necessary. Approximation of Large-Scale Dynamical Systems provides a comprehensive picture of model reduction, combining system theory with numerical linear algebra and computational considerations. It addresses the issue of model reduction and the resulting trade-offs between accuracy and complexity. Special attention is given to numerical aspects, simulation questions, and practical applications.

Model Reduction Of Parametrized Systems

Model Reduction of Parametrized Systems PDF Book Detail:
Author: Peter Benner
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319587862
Size: 27.24 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Mathematics
Languages : en
Pages : 504
View: 578

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Book Description: The special volume offers a global guide to new concepts and approaches concerning the following topics: reduced basis methods, proper orthogonal decomposition, proper generalized decomposition, approximation theory related to model reduction, learning theory and compressed sensing, stochastic and high-dimensional problems, system-theoretic methods, nonlinear model reduction, reduction of coupled problems/multiphysics, optimization and optimal control, state estimation and control, reduced order models and domain decomposition methods, Krylov-subspace and interpolatory methods, and applications to real industrial and complex problems. The book represents the state of the art in the development of reduced order methods. It contains contributions from internationally respected experts, guaranteeing a wide range of expertise and topics. Further, it reflects an important effor t, carried out over the last 12 years, to build a growing research community in this field. Though not a textbook, some of the chapters can be used as reference materials or lecture notes for classes and tutorials (doctoral schools, master classes).

Model Reduction Of Nonlinear Mechanical Systems Via Optimal Projection And Tensor Approximation

Model Reduction of Nonlinear Mechanical Systems Via Optimal Projection and Tensor Approximation PDF Book Detail:
Author:
Publisher: Stanford University
ISBN:
Size: 38.27 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category :
Languages : en
Pages :
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Book Description: Despite the advent and maturation of high-performance computing, high-fidelity physics-based numerical simulations remain computationally intensive in many fields. As a result, such simulations are often impractical for time-critical applications such as fast-turnaround design, control, and uncertainty quantification. The objective of this thesis is to enable rapid, accurate analysis of high-fidelity nonlinear models to enable their use in time-critical settings. Model reduction presents a promising approach for realizing this goal. This class of methods generates low-dimensional models that preserves key features of the high-fidelity model. Such methods have been shown to generate fast, accurate solutions when applied to specialized problems such as linear time-invariant systems. However, model reduction techniques for highly nonlinear systems has been limited primarily to approaches based on the heuristic proper orthogonal decomposition (POD)--Galerkin approach. These methods often generate inaccurate responses because 1) POD--Galerkin does not generally minimize any measure of the system error, and 2) the POD basis is not constructed to minimize errors in the system's outputs of interest. Furthermore, simulation times for these models usually remain large, as reducing the dimension of a nonlinear system does not necessarily reduce its computational complexity. This thesis presents two model reduction techniques that addresses these shortcomings of the POD--Galerkin method. The first method is a `compact POD' approach for computing the small-dimensional trial basis; this approach is applicable to parameterized static systems. The compact POD basis is constructed using a goal-oriented framework that allows sensitivity derivatives to be employed as snapshots. The second method is a Gauss--Newton with approximated tensors (GNAT) method applicable to nonlinear systems. Similar to other POD-based approaches, the GNAT method first executes high-fidelity simulations during a costly `offline' stage; it computes a POD subspace that optimally represents the state as observed during these simulations. To compute fast, accurate `online' solutions, the method introduces two approximations that satisfy optimality and consistency conditions. First, the method decreases the system dimension by searching for the solutions in the low-dimensional POD subspace. As opposed to performing a Galerkin projection, the method handles the resulting overdetermined system of equations arising at each time step by formulating a least-squares problem; this ensures that a measure of the system error (i.e. the residual) is minimized. Second, the method decreases the model's computational complexity by approximating the residual and Jacobian using the `gappy POD' technique; this requires computing only a few rows of the approximated quantities. For computational mechanics problems, the GNAT method leads to the concept of a sample mesh: the subset of the mesh needed to compute the selected rows of the residual and Jacobian. Because the reduced-order model uses only the sample mesh for computations, the online stage requires minimal computational resources.

Interpolatory Methods For Model Reduction

Interpolatory Methods for Model Reduction PDF Book Detail:
Author: A. C. Antoulas
Publisher: SIAM
ISBN: 1611976081
Size: 16.98 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Mathematics
Languages : en
Pages : 244
View: 3849

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Book Description: Dynamical systems are a principal tool in the modeling, prediction, and control of a wide range of complex phenomena. As the need for improved accuracy leads to larger and more complex dynamical systems, direct simulation often becomes the only available strategy for accurate prediction or control, inevitably creating a considerable burden on computational resources. This is the main context where one considers model reduction, seeking to replace large systems of coupled differential and algebraic equations that constitute high fidelity system models with substantially fewer equations that are crafted to control the loss of fidelity that order reduction may induce in the system response. Interpolatory methods are among the most widely used model reduction techniques, and Interpolatory Methods for Model Reduction is the first comprehensive analysis of this approach available in a single, extensive resource. It introduces state-of-the-art methods reflecting significant developments over the past two decades, covering both classical projection frameworks for model reduction and data-driven, nonintrusive frameworks. This textbook is appropriate for a wide audience of engineers and other scientists working in the general areas of large-scale dynamical systems and data-driven modeling of dynamics.

Discrete Time Linear Systems

Discrete Time Linear Systems PDF Book Detail:
Author: Guoxiang Gu
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461422817
Size: 52.28 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 452
View: 5823

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Book Description: Discrete-Time Linear Systems: Theory and Design with Applications combines system theory and design in order to show the importance of system theory and its role in system design. The book focuses on system theory (including optimal state feedback and optimal state estimation) and system design (with applications to feedback control systems and wireless transceivers, plus system identification and channel estimation).

Coping With Complexity Model Reduction And Data Analysis

Coping with Complexity  Model Reduction and Data Analysis PDF Book Detail:
Author: Alexander N. Gorban
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783642149412
Size: 50.29 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Mathematics
Languages : en
Pages : 356
View: 3174

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Book Description: This volume contains the extended version of selected talks given at the international research workshop "Coping with Complexity: Model Reduction and Data Analysis", Ambleside, UK, August 31 – September 4, 2009. The book is deliberately broad in scope and aims at promoting new ideas and methodological perspectives. The topics of the chapters range from theoretical analysis of complex and multiscale mathematical models to applications in e.g., fluid dynamics and chemical kinetics.

Abstraction Reformulation And Approximation

Abstraction  Reformulation  and Approximation PDF Book Detail:
Author: Sven Koenig
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540439412
Size: 18.56 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 352
View: 3812

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Book Description: It has been recognized since the inception of Artificial Intelligence (AI) that abstractions, problem reformulations, and approximations (AR&A) are central to human common sense reasoning and problem solving and to the ability of systems to reason effectively in complex domains. AR&A techniques have been used to solve a variety of tasks, including automatic programming, constraint satisfaction, design, diagnosis, machine learning, search, planning, reasoning, game playing, scheduling, and theorem proving. The primary purpose of AR&A techniques in such settings is to overcome computational intractability. In addition, AR&A techniques are useful for accelerating learning and for summarizing sets of solutions. This volume contains the proceedings of SARA 2002, the fifth Symposium on Abstraction, Reformulation, and Approximation, held at Kananaskis Mountain Lodge, Kananaskis Village, Alberta (Canada), August 2 4, 2002. The SARA series is the continuation of two separate threads of workshops: AAAI workshops in 1990 and 1992, and an ad hoc series beginning with the "Knowledge Compilation" workshop in 1986 and the "Change of Representation and Inductive Bias" workshop in 1988 with followup workshops in 1990 and 1992. The two workshop series merged in 1994 to form the first SARA. Subsequent SARAs were held in 1995, 1998, and 2000.

Computational Science And High Performance Computing Iv

Computational Science and High Performance Computing IV PDF Book Detail:
Author: Egon Krause
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783642177705
Size: 29.34 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 378
View: 7688

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Book Description: This volume contains 27 contributions to the Forth Russian-German Advanced Research Workshop on Computational Science and High Performance Computing presented in October 2009 in Freiburg, Germany. The workshop was organized jointly by the High Performance Computing Center Stuttgart (HLRS), the Institute of Computational Technologies of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences (ICT SB RAS) and the Section of Applied Mathematics of the University of Freiburg (IAM Freiburg) The contributions range from computer science, mathematics and high performance computing to applications in mechanical and aerospace engineering. They show a wealth of theoretical work and simulation experience with a potential of bringing together theoretical mathematical modelling and usage of high performance computing systems presenting the state of the art of computational technologies.