Antoine Arnauld And Pierre Nicole Logic Or The Art Of Thinking

Antoine Arnauld and Pierre Nicole  Logic Or the Art of Thinking PDF Book Detail:
Author: Antoine Arnauld
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521483940
Size: 60.80 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 281
View: 3184

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Book Description: A new translation of the treatise which inspired modern developments in logic and semantic theory.

Logic Or The Art Of Thinking

Logic  Or  The Art of Thinking PDF Book Detail:
Author: Antoine Arnauld
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 33.79 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Logic
Languages : en
Pages : 362
View: 3097

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Book Description:

The Art Of Logical Thinking

The Art of Logical Thinking PDF Book Detail:
Author: William Walker Atkinson
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 27.30 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Logic
Languages : en
Pages : 202
View: 5637

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Book Description: This book contains a discursive study on the act or faculty of employing reason in argument, ratiocination, disputation and discussion.

The Art Of Logical Thinking Or The Laws Of Reason Masterpiece Collection

The Art of Logical Thinking Or the Laws of Reason  Masterpiece Collection  PDF Book Detail:
Author: William Walker Atkinson
Publisher: CreateSpace
ISBN: 9781494900083
Size: 17.95 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Body, Mind & Spirit
Languages : en
Pages : 92
View: 2593

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Book Description: "Reasoning" is defined as: "The act, process or art of exercising the faculty of reason; the act or faculty of employing reason in argument; argumentation, ratiocination; reasoning power; disputation, discussion, argumentation." Stewart says: "The word reason itself is far from being precise in its meaning. In common and popular discourse it denotes that power by which we distinguish truth from falsehood, and right from wrong, and by which we are enabled to combine means for the attainment of particular ends." By the employment of the reasoning faculties of the mind we compare objects presented to the mind as percepts or concepts, taking up the "raw materials" of thought and weaving them into more complex and elaborate mental fabrics which we call abstract and general ideas of truth. Brooks says: "It is the thinking power of the mind; the faculty which gives us what has been called thought-knowledge, in distinction from sense-knowledge. It may be regarded as the mental architect among the faculties; it transforms the material furnished by the senses ... into new products, and thus builds up the temples of science and philosophy." The last-mentioned authority adds: "Its products are twofold, ideas and thoughts. An idea is a mental product which when expressed in words does not give a proposition; a thought is a mental product which embraces the relation of two or more ideas. The ideas of the understanding are of two general classes; abstract ideas and general ideas. The thoughts are also of two general classes; those pertaining to contingent truth and those pertaining to necessary truth. In contingent truth, we have facts, or immediate judgments, and general truths including laws and causes, derived from particular facts; in necessary truth we have axioms, or self-evident truths, and the truths derived from them by reasoning, called theorems." In inviting you to consider the processes of reasoning, we are irresistibly reminded of the old story of one of Moliere's plays in which one of the characters expresses surprise on learning that he "had been talking prose for forty years without knowing it." As Jevons says in mentioning this: "Ninety-nine people out of a hundred might be equally surprised on hearing that they had been converting propositions, syllogizing, falling into paralogisms, framing hypotheses and making classifications with genera and species. If asked whether they were logicians, they would probably answer, No! They would be partly right; for I believe that a large number even of educated persons have no clear idea of what logic is. Yet, in a certain way, every one must have been a logician since he began to speak."

Mediaeval And Renaissance Logic

Mediaeval and Renaissance Logic PDF Book Detail:
Author: Dov M. Gabbay
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080560854
Size: 35.31 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Mathematics
Languages : en
Pages : 728
View: 6117

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Book Description: Starting at the very beginning with Aristotle's founding contributions, logic has been graced by several periods in which the subject has flourished, attaining standards of rigour and conceptual sophistication underpinning a large and deserved reputation as a leading expression of human intellectual effort. It is widely recognized that the period from the mid-19th century until the three-quarter mark of the century just past marked one of these golden ages, a period of explosive creativity and transforming insights. It has been said that ignorance of our history is a kind of amnesia, concerning which it is wise to note that amnesia is an illness. It would be a matter for regret, if we lost contact with another of logic's golden ages, one that greatly exceeds in reach that enjoyed by mathematical symbolic logic. This is the period between the 11th and 16th centuries, loosely conceived of as the Middle Ages. The logic of this period does not have the expressive virtues afforded by the symbolic resources of uninterpreted calculi, but mediaeval logic rivals in range, originality and intellectual robustness a good deal of the modern record. The range of logic in this period is striking, extending from investigation of quantifiers and logic consequence to inquiries into logical truth; from theories of reference to accounts of identity; from work on the modalities to the stirrings of the logic of relations, from theories of meaning to analyses of the paradoxes, and more. While the scope of mediaeval logic is impressive, of greater importance is that nearly all of it can be read by the modern logician with at least some prospect of profit. The last thing that mediaeval logic is, is a museum piece. Mediaeval and Renaissance Logic is an indispensable research tool for anyone interested in the development of logic, including researchers, graduate and senior undergraduate students in logic, history of logic, mathematics, history of mathematics, computer science and AI, linguistics, cognitive science, argumentation theory, philosophy, and the history of ideas. - Provides detailed and comprehensive chapters covering the entire range of modal logic - Contains the latest scholarly discoveries and interpretative insights that answer many questions in the field of logic

Concept And Judgment In Brentano S Logic Lectures

Concept and Judgment in Brentano s Logic Lectures PDF Book Detail:
Author: Robin D. Rollinger
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004443037
Size: 48.53 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 396
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Book Description: Concept and Judgment in Brentano's Logic Lectures provides an analysis of an important feature of Brentano's philosophy in the 19th century. Relevant materials in both German and English are also included in the volume.

Women Philosophers Of The Seventeenth Century

Women Philosophers of the Seventeenth Century PDF Book Detail:
Author: Jacqueline Broad
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781139434430
Size: 42.66 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 191
View: 3107

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Book Description: In this rich and detailed study of early modern women's thought, Jacqueline Broad explores the complexity of women's responses to Cartesian philosophy and its intellectual legacy in England and Europe. She examines the work of thinkers such as Mary Astell, Elisabeth of Bohemia, Margaret Cavendish, Anne Conway and Damaris Masham, who were active participants in the intellectual life of their time and were also the respected colleagues of philosophers such as Descartes, Leibniz and Locke. She also illuminates the continuities between early modern women's thought and the anti-dualism of more recent feminist thinkers. The result is a more gender-balanced account of early modern thought than has hitherto been available. Broad's clear and accessible exploration of this still-unfamiliar area will have a strong appeal to both students and scholars in the history of philosophy, women's studies and the history of ideas.

Kant S Philosophy Of The Unconscious

Kant s Philosophy of the Unconscious PDF Book Detail:
Author: Piero Giordanetti
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3110265400
Size: 61.64 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 336
View: 7534

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Book Description: The unconscious raises relevant problems in the theory of knowledge as regards non-conceptual contents and obscure representations. In the philosophy of mind, it bears on the topic of the unity of consciousness and the notion of the transcendental Self. It is a key-topic of logic with respect to the distinction between determinate-indeterminate judgments and prejudices, and in aesthetics it appears in connection with the problems of reflective judgments and of the genius. Finally, it is a relevant issue also in moral philosophy in defining the irrational aspects of the human being. The purpose of the present volume is to fill a substantial gap in Kant research while offering a comprehensive survey of the topic in different areas of research, such as history of philosophy, philosophy of mind, aesthetics, moral philosophy, and anthropology.