Information Participation And Choice

Information  Participation  and Choice PDF Book Detail:
Author: Bernard Grofman
Publisher: University of Michigan Press
ISBN: 9780472083435
Size: 14.79 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 285
View: 4974

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Book Description: A review of the consequences for political science of Anthony Downs's seminal work.

Institutions Incentives And Electoral Participation In Japan

Institutions  Incentives and Electoral Participation in Japan PDF Book Detail:
Author: Yusaku Horiuchi
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134322453
Size: 80.83 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 168
View: 3125

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Book Description: American and European political scientists have claimed that subnational elections almost always record lower voter turnout than national elections. In Japan, however, municipal elections often record considerably higher turnout than national elections, particularly in small towns and villages. Institutions, Incentives and Electoral Participation in Japan theoretically and empirically explores this puzzling 'turnout twist' phenomenon from comparative perspectives. Based on the rational-choice approach, the book hypothesizes that relative voter turnout in subnational vs. national elections is determined by the relative magnitudes of how much is at stake ('election significance') and how much votes count ('vote significance') in these elections.

Democratic Politics And Party Competition

Democratic Politics and Party Competition PDF Book Detail:
Author: Judith Bara
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134173431
Size: 24.67 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 352
View: 922

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Book Description: This new book introduces innovative research on democracy from the leading Comparative Manifestos Project (CMP). It details the key achievements of the project to date, illustrates how its findings may be applied, lays out the future challenges it faces and examines how the field as a whole can advance. It also presents a special assessment of the dimensionality of party competition, presenting ways in which research can be extended and related to broader approaches in Political Science and Theory. Although CMP research is widely used and constitutes the major comparative data set on party positions and ideological location, it is also subject to challenge. The volume therefore provides the reader with a clear sense of the key debates and questions surrounding its work. This volume also honours the life-time achievement of Professor Ian Budge, who has provided distinguished intellectual leadership for the CMP over the last twenty-five years. This is an essential point of reference for all comparative research on the functioning of democracies. This book will be of great interest to all students and scholars of politics and of democracy in particular.

Pathologies Of Rational Choice Theory

Pathologies of Rational Choice Theory PDF Book Detail:
Author: Donald Green
Publisher: Yale University Press
ISBN: 0300187084
Size: 31.39 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 256
View: 7570

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Book Description: This is the first comprehensive critical evaluation of the use of rational choice theory in political science. Writing in an accessible and nontechnical style, Donald P. Green and Ian Shapiro assess rational choice theory where it is reputed to be most successful: the study of collective action, the behavior of political parties and politicians, and such phenomena as voting cycles and Prisoner's Dilemmas. In their hard-hitting critique, Green and Shapiro demonstrate that the much heralded achievements of rational choice theory are in fact deeply suspect and that fundamental rethinking is needed if rational choice theorists are to contribute to the understanding of politics. In their final chapters, they anticipate and respond to a variety of possible rational choice responses to their arguments, thereby initiating a dialogue that is bound to continue for some time.

Political Science As Puzzle Solving

Political Science as Puzzle Solving PDF Book Detail:
Author: Bernard Grofman
Publisher: University of Michigan Press
ISBN: 9780472087235
Size: 75.98 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 152
View: 4843

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Book Description: Demonstrates that the combination of contextual knowledge and theoretical models improves our understanding of politics

When Does Gender Matter

When Does Gender Matter  PDF Book Detail:
Author: Kathleen Dolan
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190221755
Size: 48.63 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 256
View: 7181

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Book Description: As the number of women candidates for office in the U.S. increases each election cycle, scholars are confronted with questions about the impact of their sex on their chances for success. Chief among these questions involves the influence of gender stereotypes on the decisions voters make in elections in which women run against men. While previous research has claimed that gender stereotypes undermine women's chances of success, Kathleen Dolan, through an original national survey of over 3000 adults, turns this conventional wisdom on its head. She demonstrates that voters do hold gendered attitudes, both positive and negative, about women candidates, but that these attitudes are not related to the political decisions they make. Instead, in deciding for whom to vote, people are influenced by traditional political forces, like political party and incumbency, regardless of the sex of the candidates. In the end, When Does Gender Matter? shows that women candidates win as often as do men and that partisan concerns trump gender every time.

Rushed To Judgment

Rushed to Judgment PDF Book Detail:
Author: David Barker
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231504217
Size: 22.98 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 141
View: 1438

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Book Description: Convenient, entertaining, and provocative, talk radio today is unapologetically ideological. Focusing on Rush Limbaugh—the medium's most influential talk show—Rushed to Judgment systematically examines the politics of persuasion at play on our nation's radio airwaves and asks a series of important questions. Does listening to talk radio change the way people think about politics, or are listeners' attitudes a function of the self-selecting nature of the audience? Does talk radio enhance understanding of public issues or serve as a breeding ground for misunderstanding? Can talk radio serve as an agent of deliberative democracy, spurring Americans to open, public debate? Or will talk radio only aggravate the divisive partisanship many Americans decry in poll after poll? The time is ripe to evaluate the effects of a medium whose influence has yet to be fully reckoned with.

How Do You Know

How Do You Know  PDF Book Detail:
Author: Russell Hardin
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400830664
Size: 32.21 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 240
View: 3489

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Book Description: How do ordinary people come to know or believe what they do? We need an account of this process to help explain why people act as they do. You might think I am acting irrationally--against my interest or my purpose--until you realize that what you know and what I know differ significantly. My actions, given my knowledge, might make eminently good sense. Of course, this pushes our problem back one stage to assess why someone knows or believes what they do. That is the focus of this book. Russell Hardin supposes that people are not usually going to act knowingly against their interests or other purposes. To try to understand how they have come to their knowledge or beliefs is therefore to be charitable in assessing their rationality. Hardin insists on such a charitable stance in the effort to understand others and their sometimes objectively perverse actions. Hardin presents an essentially economic account of what an individual can come to know and then applies this account to many areas of ordinary life: political participation, religious beliefs, popular knowledge of science, liberalism, culture, extremism, moral beliefs, and institutional knowledge. All of these can be enlightened by the supposition that people are attempting reasonable actions under the severe constraints of acquiring better knowledge when they face demands that far outstretch their possibilities.

Dominance And Decline

Dominance and Decline PDF Book Detail:
Author: Elisabeth Gidengil
Publisher: University of Toronto Press
ISBN: 1442603917
Size: 20.58 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 240
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Book Description: Coming out of the 2000 Canadian federal election, the dominance of the Liberal Party seemed assured. By 2011 the situation had completely reversed: the Liberals suffered a crushing defeat, failing even to become the official opposition and recording their lowest ever share of the vote. Dominance and Decline provides a comprehensive, comparative account of Canadian election outcomes from 2000 through to 2008. The book explores the meaning of those outcomes within the context of the larger changes that have marked Canada's party system since 1988. It also shows how these trends were consistent with the outcome of the 2011 federal election. Throughout the book a variety of voting theories are revisited and reassessed in light of this analysis.

Community Participation And Geographical Information Systems

Community Participation and Geographical Information Systems PDF Book Detail:
Author: William J. Craig
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780203469484
Size: 31.32 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 416
View: 2892

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Book Description: Have you ever considered how much effect information technology has on society throughout the world? Progress often places lower income and marginalized communities at a distinct disadvantage. Community Participation and Geographic Information Systems, however, offers a detailed look at numerous incidences around the world where communities have ac