Grammar Without Grammaticality

Grammar Without Grammaticality PDF Book Detail:
Author: Geoffrey Sampson
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3110290014
Size: 10.93 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 358
View: 6432

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Book Description: Linguists have standardly assumed that grammar is about identifying all and only the 'good' sentences of a language, which implies that there must be other, 'bad' sentences- but in practice most linguists know that it is hard to pin those down. The standard assumption is no more than an assumption. A century ago, grammarians did not think about their subject that way, and our book shows that the older idea was right: linguists can and should dispense with the concept 'starred sentence'. We draw on corpus data in order to support a different model of grammar, in which individuals refine positive grammatical habits to greater or lesser extents in diverse and unpredictable directions, but nothing is ever ruled out. Languages are not merely alternative methods of verbalizing universal logical forms. We use empirical evidence to shed light on the routes by which school-age children gradually expand their battery of grammatical resources, which turn out to be sometimes counter-intuitive. Our rejection of the 'starred sentence' concept has attracted considerable discussion, and we summarize the reactions and respond to our critics. The contrasting models of grammar described in this book entail contrasting pictures of human nature; our closing chapter shows that grammatical theory is not value-neutral but has an ethical dimension.

Grammatische Variation

Grammatische Variation PDF Book Detail:
Author: Marek Konopka
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 311051821X
Size: 39.34 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : de
Pages : 372
View: 5769

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Book Description: Grammatische Variation ist der Sprache inhärent und auch aus dem Standarddeutschen nicht wegzudenken. Man beobachtet, dass ein und dieselbe grammatische, semantische oder pragmatische Funktion mit unterschiedlichen grammatischen Mitteln realisiert wird, und umgekehrt, dass eine grammatische Struktur unterschiedliche Funktionen ausüben kann. Die Variation kann mit grammatikinternen Faktoren, grammatikexternen Parametern wie Medium oder Textsorte und außersprachlichen Dimensionen wie Zeit oder Raum korrelieren. In diesem Band werden zunächst verschiedene Perspektiven auf Variation fokussiert wie die historische, die laienlinguistische, die lernerorientierte, die geographische oder die medienorientierte Sicht. Im Weiteren wird in exemplarischen Studien gezeigt, wie grammatische Variation mit Methoden der Korpus-, Computer-, Psycho- und Neurolinguistik empirisch erschlossen wird. Schließlich werden ausgewählte Variationsphänomene aus den Bereichen Phonologie, Morphologie und Syntax analysiert, und es wird demonstriert, wie sich die aktuelle Grammatikforschung zwischen der immer weiter gehenden Spezifizierung von Variationsgründen und der Annahme der freien Variation sowie zwischen Empirie und Theorie hin- und herbewegt.

What Is A Linguistic Fact

What is a linguistic fact  PDF Book Detail:
Author: W. Labov
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3110882353
Size: 46.99 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 61
View: 6718

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Book Description:

Neue Ans Tze Zu Linguistischer Evidenz

Neue Ans  tze Zu Linguistischer Evidenz PDF Book Detail:
Author: András Kertész
Publisher: Peter Lang
ISBN: 9783631565773
Size: 20.68 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 233
View: 1056

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Book Description: The evaluation of linguistic theories depends heavily on what kind of data can be regarded as evidence either for or against their hypotheses. The question of what data types linguistic theories use, and which of these types are acknowledged as evidence, is accordingly one of the most fundamental and most widely discussed problems of contemporary linguistics. The aim of this volume is to shed fresh light on this problem by presenting the first findings of a research project. Part I consists of state-of-the-art studies critically analysing current views on the topic. Part II includes case studies which highlight how the conclusions of the state-of-the-art studies may motivate novel and sophisticated accounts of the particular linguistic issues investigated. Die Bewertung linguistischer Theorien hängt in einem bedeutenden Maße davon ab, welche Datentypen als Evidenz für oder gegen ihre Hypothesen herangezogen werden. Die Frage, welche Datentypen linguistische Theorien verwenden und welche von diesen als Evidenz gelten, ist dementsprechend eines der schwerwiegendsten und meistdiskutierten Grundlagenprobleme der gegenwärtigen Linguistik. Dieser Band setzt sich zum Ziel, durch die Darstellung der ersten Resultate eines Forschungsprojekts neues Licht auf dieses Problem zu werfen. Teil I besteht aus Forschungsüberblicken, die sich mit jüngsten Ansichten kritisch auseinandersetzen. Teil II enthält Fallstudien, die illustrieren sollen, auf welche Weise die Ergebnisse der Forschungsüberblicke neuartige und ausgefeilte Analysen der jeweiligen linguistischen Erscheinungen motivieren.

Perspectives On Corpus Linguistics

Perspectives on Corpus Linguistics PDF Book Detail:
Author: Vander Viana
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing
ISBN: 9027203539
Size: 10.15 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 256
View: 1790

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Book Description: Perspectives on Corpus Linguistics is a collection of interviews with fourteen well-known researchers in the field of linguistics. Each interview consists of a set of ten questions: the first seven are common to all contributors while the last three are connected to the research experience of each guest. In the general questions, the invited scholars explore (sometimes controversial) topics such as the concept of representativeness, the role of intuition and the status of Corpus Linguistics. In the specific questions, they provide a thorough discussion of materials and methods in corpus research as well as theoretical and applied perspectives on the use of corpora in language studies. Whether experts or novices, the volume should be of interest to all those who want to learn about corpus linguistics and carry out research in this fascinating and growing area.

Philosophy And Grammar

Philosophy and Grammar PDF Book Detail:
Author: S. Kanger
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 940099012X
Size: 26.35 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 165
View: 6268

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Book Description: Among the several dozens of symposia held on the occasion of the quincentennial of U ppsala University, there was included one symposium devoted to the theme of 'Philosophy and Grammar'. A selection of the most important papers delivered at this symposium have been collected in this volume. The papers need no introduction, but the inclusion of two of them in this collection requires a brief comment. First, the paper by von Wright, although not directly concerned with the central topic of the symposium, has been included because it was the terminating speech of the six parallel symposia (including the symposium on 'Philosophy and Grammar') held by the Humanities Faculty and moreover, because the raison d'etre of the Humanities is analyzed in this paper by a very prominent Swedish-speaking philosopher. Second, Professor Hintikka was unable to participate. In view of his expertise in the field, we nevertheless requested him to contribute a paper, so to speak, post factum. This he very generously did. We wish to express our sincere appreciation to all who participated and/or helped to carry the sessions through to a successful conclusion. We also wish to extend a special thanks to Professor Roman lakobson of Harvard University, who assumed the responsibility of General Chairman of the symposium.

Corpus Linguistics And Linguistically Annotated Corpora

Corpus Linguistics and Linguistically Annotated Corpora PDF Book Detail:
Author: Sandra Kuebler
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1441119809
Size: 59.67 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 288
View: 4482

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Book Description: Linguistically annotated corpora are becoming a central part of the corpus linguistics field. One of their main strengths is the level of searchability they offer, but with the annotation come problems of the initial complexity of queries and query tools. This book gives a full, pedagogic account of this burgeoning field. Beginning with an overview of corpus linguistics, its prerequisites and goals, the book then introduces linguistically annotated corpora. It explores the different levels of linguistic annotation, including morphological, parts of speech, syntactic, semantic and discourse-level, as well as advantages and challenges for such annotations. It covers the main annotated corpora for English, the Penn Treebank, the International Corpus of English, and OntoNotes, as well as a wide range of corpora for other languages. In its third part, search strategies required for different types of data are explored. All chapters are accompanied by exercises and by sections on further reading.

Strukturen Der Syntax

Strukturen der Syntax PDF Book Detail:
Author: Noam Chomsky
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3110813629
Size: 17.60 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : de
Pages : 136
View: 4616

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Book Description: