Escience On Distributed Computing Infrastructure

eScience on Distributed Computing Infrastructure PDF Book Detail:
Author: Marian Bubak
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319108948
Size: 57.70 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 538
View: 5007

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Book Description: To help researchers from different areas of science understand and unlock the potential of the Polish Grid Infrastructure and to define their requirements and expectations, the following 13 pilot communities have been organized and involved in the PLGrid Plus project: Acoustics, AstroGrid-PL, Bioinformatics, Ecology, Energy Sector, Health Sciences, HEPGrid, Life Science, Materials, Metallurgy, Nanotechnologies, Quantum Chemistry and Molecular Physics, and SynchroGrid. The book describes the experience and scientific results achieved by the project partners. Chapters 1 to 8 provide a general overview of research and development activities in the framework of the project with emphasis on services for different scientific areas and an update on the status of the PL-Grid infrastructure, describing new developments in security and middleware. Chapters 9 to 13 discuss new environments and services which may be applied by all scientific communities. Chapters 14 to 36 present how the PLGrid Plus environments, tools and services are used in advanced domain specific computer simulations; these chapters present computational models, new algorithms, and ways in which they are implemented. The book also provides a glossary of terms and concepts. This book may serve as a resource for researchers, developers and system administrators working on efficient exploitation of available e-infrastructures, promoting collaboration and exchange of ideas in the process of constructing a common European e-infrastructure.

Grid Computing

Grid Computing PDF Book Detail:
Author: Lizhe Wang
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420067682
Size: 26.54 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 528
View: 2487

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Book Description: Identifies Recent Technological Developments Worldwide The field of grid computing has made rapid progress in the past few years, evolving and developing in almost all areas, including concepts, philosophy, methodology, and usages. Grid Computing: Infrastructure, Service, and Applications reflects the recent advances in this field, covering the research aspects that involve infrastructure, middleware, architecture, services, and applications. Grid Systems Across the Globe The first section of the book focuses on infrastructure and middleware and presents several national and international grid systems. The text highlights China Research and Development environment Over Wide-area Network (CROWN), several ongoing cyberinfrastructure efforts in New York State, and Enabling Grids for E-sciencE (EGEE), which is co-funded by the European Commission and the world’s largest multidisciplinary grid infrastructure today. The second part of the book discusses recent grid service advances. The authors examine the UK National Grid Service (NGS), the concept of resource allocation in a grid environment, OMIIBPEL, and the possibility of treating scientific workflow issues using techniques from the data stream community. The book describes an SLA model, reviews portal and workflow technologies, presents an overview of PKIs and their limitations, and introduces PIndex, a peer-to-peer model for grid information services. New Projects and Initiatives The third section includes an analysis of innovative grid applications. Topics covered include the WISDOM initiative, incorporating flow-level networking models into grid simulators, system-level virtualization, grid usage in the high-energy physics environment in the LHC project, and the Service Oriented HLA RTI (SOHR) framework. With a comprehensive summary of past advances, this text is a window into the future of this nascent technology, forging a path for the next generation of cyberinfrastructure developers.

Data Driven E Science

Data Driven e Science PDF Book Detail:
Author: Simon C. Lin
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1441980148
Size: 16.41 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 517
View: 2889

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Book Description: ISGC 2010, The International Symposium on Grid Computing was held at Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan, March, 2010. The 2010 symposium brought together prestigious scientists and engineers worldwide to exchange ideas, present challenges/solutions and to discuss new topics in the field of Grid Computing. Data Driven e-Science: Use Cases and Successful Applications of Distributed Computing Infrastructures (ISGC 2010), an edited volume, introduces the latest achievements in grid technology for Biomedicine Life Sciences, Middleware, Security, Networking, Digital Library, Cloud Computing and more. This book provides Grid developers and end users with invaluable information for developing grid technology and applications. The last section of this book presents future development in the field of Grid Computing. This book is designed for a professional audience composed of grid users, developers and researchers working in the field of grid computing. Advanced-level students focused on computer science and engineering will also find this book valuable as a reference or secondary text book.

Science Gateways For Distributed Computing Infrastructures

Science Gateways for Distributed Computing Infrastructures PDF Book Detail:
Author: Péter Kacsuk
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319112686
Size: 79.56 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 301
View: 4584

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Book Description: The book describes the science gateway building technology developed in the SCI-BUS European project and its adoption and customization method, by which user communities, such as biologists, chemists, and astrophysicists, can build customized, domain-specific science gateways. Many aspects of the core technology are explained in detail, including its workflow capability, job submission mechanism to various grids and clouds, and its data transfer mechanisms among several distributed infrastructures. The book will be useful for scientific researchers and IT professionals engaged in the development of science gateways.

High Performance Computing Infrastructure For South East Europe S Research Communities

High Performance Computing Infrastructure for South East Europe s Research Communities PDF Book Detail:
Author: Mihnea Dulea
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3319015206
Size: 57.14 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 171
View: 7142

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Book Description: This book is a collection of carefully reviewed papers presented during the HP-SEE User Forum, the meeting of the High-Performance Computing Infrastructure for South East Europe’s (HP-SEE) Research Communities, held in October 17-19, 2012, in Belgrade, Serbia. HP-SEE aims at supporting and integrating regional HPC infrastructures; implementing solutions for HPC in the region; and making HPC resources available to research communities in SEE, region, which are working in a number of scientific fields with specific needs for massively parallel execution on powerful computing resources. HP-SEE brings together research communities and HPC operators from 14 different countries and enables them to share HPC facilities, software, tools, data and research results, thus fostering collaboration and strengthening the regional and national human network; the project specifically supports research groups in the areas of computational physics, computational chemistry and the life sciences. The contributions presented in this book are organized in four main sections: computational physics; computational chemistry; the life sciences; and scientific computing and HPC operations.

The Grid

The Grid PDF Book Detail:
Author: Ian Foster
Publisher: Morgan Kaufmann
ISBN: 1558609334
Size: 47.61 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 748
View: 460

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Book Description: "The Grid" is an emerging infrastructure that will fundamentally change the way people think about and use computing. The editors reveal the revolutionary impact of large-scale resource sharing and virtualization within science and industry, and the intimate relationships between organization and resource sharing structures.

Automated Optimization Methods For Scientific Workflows In E Science Infrastructures

Automated Optimization Methods for Scientific Workflows in e Science Infrastructures PDF Book Detail:
Author: Sonja Holl
Publisher: Forschungszentrum Jülich
ISBN: 389336949X
Size: 14.31 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 182
View: 7398

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Book Description: Scientific workflows have emerged as a key technology that assists scientists with the design, management, execution, sharing and reuse of in silico experiments. Workflow management systems simplify the management of scientific workflows by providing graphical interfaces for their development, monitoring and analysis. Nowadays, e-Science combines such workflow management systems with large-scale data and computing resources into complex research infrastructures. For instance, e-Science allows the conveyance of best practice research in collaborations by providing workflow repositories, which facilitate the sharing and reuse of scientific workflows. However, scientists are still faced with different limitations while reusing workflows. One of the most common challenges they meet is the need to select appropriate applications and their individual execution parameters. If scientists do not want to rely on default or experience-based parameters, the best-effort option is to test different workflow set-ups using either trial and error approaches or parameter sweeps. Both methods may be inefficient or time consuming respectively, especially when tuning a large number of parameters. Therefore, scientists require an effective and efficient mechanism that automatically tests different workflow set-ups in an intelligent way and will help them to improve their scientific results. This thesis addresses the limitation described above by defining and implementing an approach for the optimization of scientific workflows. In the course of this work, scientists’ needs are investigated and requirements are formulated resulting in an appropriate optimization concept. In a following step, this concept is prototypically implemented by extending a workflow management system with an optimization framework, including general mechanisms required to conduct workflow optimization. As optimization is an ongoing research topic, different algorithms are provided by pluggable extensions (plugins) that can be loosely coupled with the framework, resulting in a generic and quickly extendable system. In this thesis, an exemplary plugin is introduced which applies a Genetic Algorithm for parameter optimization. In order to accelerate and therefore make workflow optimization feasible at all, e-Science infrastructures are utilized for the parallel execution of scientific workflows. This is empowered by additional extensions enabling the execution of applications and workflows on distributed computing resources. The actual implementation and therewith the general approach of workflow optimization is experimentally verified by four use cases in the life science domain. All workflows were significantly improved, which demonstrates the advantage of the proposed workflow optimization. Finally, a new collaboration-based approach is introduced that harnesses optimization provenance to make optimization faster and more robust in the future.

Guide To E Science

Guide to e Science PDF Book Detail:
Author: Xiaoyu Yang
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780857294395
Size: 32.22 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 540
View: 1969

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Book Description: This guidebook on e-science presents real-world examples of practices and applications, demonstrating how a range of computational technologies and tools can be employed to build essential infrastructures supporting next-generation scientific research. Each chapter provides introductory material on core concepts and principles, as well as descriptions and discussions of relevant e-science methodologies, architectures, tools, systems, services and frameworks. Features: includes contributions from an international selection of preeminent e-science experts and practitioners; discusses use of mainstream grid computing and peer-to-peer grid technology for “open” research and resource sharing in scientific research; presents varied methods for data management in data-intensive research; investigates issues of e-infrastructure interoperability, security, trust and privacy for collaborative research; examines workflow technology for the automation of scientific processes; describes applications of e-science.

Cloud Computing With E Science Applications

Cloud Computing with e Science Applications PDF Book Detail:
Author: Olivier Terzo
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1466591161
Size: 37.98 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 320
View: 4383

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Book Description: The amount of data in everyday life has been exploding. This data increase has been especially significant in scientific fields, where substantial amounts of data must be captured, communicated, aggregated, stored, and analyzed. Cloud Computing with e-Science Applications explains how cloud computing can improve data management in data-heavy fields such as bioinformatics, earth science, and computer science. The book begins with an overview of cloud models supplied by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), and then: Discusses the challenges imposed by big data on scientific data infrastructures, including security and trust issues Covers vulnerabilities such as data theft or loss, privacy concerns, infected applications, threats in virtualization, and cross-virtual machine attack Describes the implementation of workflows in clouds, proposing an architecture composed of two layers—platform and application Details infrastructure-as-a-service (IaaS), platform-as-a-service (PaaS), and software-as-a-service (SaaS) solutions based on public, private, and hybrid cloud computing models Demonstrates how cloud computing aids in resource control, vertical and horizontal scalability, interoperability, and adaptive scheduling Featuring significant contributions from research centers, universities, and industries worldwide, Cloud Computing with e-Science Applications presents innovative cloud migration methodologies applicable to a variety of fields where large data sets are produced. The book provides the scientific community with an essential reference for moving applications to the cloud.