Descartes And The Last Scholastics

Descartes and the Last Scholastics PDF Book Detail:
Author: Roger Ariew
Publisher: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 1501733249
Size: 73.68 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 256
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Book Description: The ongoing renaissance in Descartes studies has been characterized by an attempt to understand the philosopher's texts against his own intellectual background. Roger Ariew here argues that Cartesian philosophy should be regarded as it was in Descartes's own day—as a reaction against, as well as an indebtedness to, scholastic philosophy. His book illuminates Cartesian philosophy by analyzing debates between Descartes and contemporary schoolmen and surveying controversies arising in its first reception. The volume touches upon many topics and themes shared by Cartesian and late scholastic philosophy: matter and form; infinity, place, time, void, and motion; the substance of the heavens; the object or subject of metaphysics; principles of metaphysics (being and ideas) and transcendentals (for example, unity, quantity, principle of individuation, truth and falsity). Part I exhibits the differences and similarities among the doctrines of Descartes and those of Jesuits and other scholastics in seventeenth-century France. The contrasts Descartes drew between his philosophy and that of others are the subject of Part II, which also examines some arguments in which he was involved and details the continued controversy caused by Cartesianism in the second half of the seventeenth century.

Cogito Ergo Sum

Cogito  Ergo Sum PDF Book Detail:
Author: Richard Watson
Publisher: David R. Godine Publisher
ISBN: 9781567923353
Size: 74.63 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Filosofie
Languages : en
Pages : 375
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Book Description: Rene Descartes was a highly influential philosopher, mathematician, and scientist and is regarded as the Father of modern philosophy and mathematics. This is the biography of Descartes, and it describes the life of Descartes, in the flesh and blood, rather than a technical analysis of his philosophical, scientific, and mathematical ideas.

Descartes Cogito

Descartes  Cogito PDF Book Detail:
Author: Husain Sarkar
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781139442039
Size: 74.94 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 305
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Book Description: Perhaps the most famous proposition in the history of philosophy is Descartes' cogito 'I think, therefore I am'. Husain Sarkar claims in this provocative interpretation of Descartes that the ancient tradition of reading the cogito as an argument is mistaken. It should, he says, be read as an intuition. Through this interpretative lens, the author reconsiders key Cartesian topics: the ideal inquirer, the role of clear and distinct ideas, the relation of these to the will, memory, the nature of intuition and deduction, the nature, content and elusiveness of 'I', and the tenability of the doctrine of the creation of eternal truths. Finally, the book demonstrates how Descartes' attempt to prove the existence of God is foiled by a new Cartesian Circle.

The Logical Alien

The Logical Alien PDF Book Detail:
Author: Sofia Miguens
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 0674335902
Size: 64.67 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 944
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Book Description: Is our logical form of thought merely one among many, or must it be the form of thought as such? From Kant to Wittgenstein, philosophers have wrestled with variants of this question. This volume brings together nine distinguished thinkers on the subject, including James Conant, author of the seminal paper “The Search for Logically Alien Thought.”

Chinese Western Comparative Metaphysics And Epistemology

Chinese Western Comparative Metaphysics and Epistemology PDF Book Detail:
Author: Mingjun Lu
Publisher: Lexington Books
ISBN: 1793625085
Size: 61.96 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 248
View: 7363

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Book Description: Chinese-Western Comparative Metaphysics and Epistemology: A Topical Approach features a comparative analysis of the fundamental metaphysical assumptions and their epistemological implications in Chinese and Western philosophy. Adopting the methodology of topical comparison that seeks to correlate two or multiple approaches to the same set of questions raised by a single topic or issue, Mingjun Lu argues for commensurability in Chinese and Western metaphysics of both Nature and the mind, and in the epistemology of knowledge dictated by these two fundamental hypotheses of the first principle or primary cause. Lu explores this philosophical commensurability through a comparative analysis of the canonical works written by Plato, Aristotle, Bacon, Descartes, and Leibniz on the Western side, and by Confucius, Laozi, Zhuangzi, Xunzi, Lu Jiuyuan, Zhu Xi, and Wang Yangming on the Chinese side. The parallels and analogues revealed by the comparative lens, Lu proposes, bring to light a coherent and well-developed Chinese metaphysical and epistemological system that corresponds closely to that in the West. By inventing such new categories as cosmo-substantial metaphysics, consonant epistemology, natural hermeneutics, and onto-mind reading to reconceptualize Chinese and Western philosophy, Lu suggests alternative and more commensurable grounds of comparison.

Epistemology

Epistemology PDF Book Detail:
Author: Ernest Sosa
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 0691183260
Size: 62.14 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 256
View: 7139

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Book Description: One of the world's leading epistemologists provides a sophisticated, revisionist introduction to the subject In this concise book, one of the world’s leading epistemologists provides a sophisticated, revisionist introduction to the problem of knowledge in Western philosophy. Modern and contemporary accounts of epistemology tend to focus on limited questions of knowledge and skepticism, such as how we can know the external world, other minds, the past through memory, the future through induction, or the world’s depth and structure through inference. This book steps back for a better view of the more general issues posed by the ancient Greek Pyrrhonists. Returning to and illuminating this older, broader epistemological tradition, Ernest Sosa develops an original account of the subject, giving it substance not with Cartesian theology but with science and common sense. Descartes is a part of this ancient tradition, but he goes beyond it by considering not just whether knowledge is possible in the first place, but also how we can properly attain it. In Cartesian epistemology, Sosa finds a virtue-theoretic account, one that he extends beyond the Cartesian context. Once epistemology is viewed in this light, many of its problems can be solved or fall away. The result is an important reevaluation of epistemology that will be essential reading for students and teachers.

Descartes

Descartes PDF Book Detail:
Author: Michael Hooker
Publisher:
ISBN: 9780801821226
Size: 77.71 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 322
View: 1003

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Book Description:

Mind

Mind PDF Book Detail:
Author: George Croom Robertson
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 69.53 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages :
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Book Description: A quarterly review of philosophy.

Hermann Cohen

Hermann Cohen PDF Book Detail:
Author: Frederick C. Beiser
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0198828160
Size: 26.52 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 400
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Book Description: This book is the first complete intellectual biography of Hermann Cohen (1842-1918) and the only work to cover all his major philosophical and Jewish writings. Frederick C. Beiser pays special attention to all phases of Cohen's intellectual development, its breaks and its continuities, throughout seven decades. The guiding goal behind Cohen's intellectual career, he argues, was the development of a radical rationalism, one committed to defending the rights of unending enquiry and unlimited criticism. Cohen's philosophy was therefore an attempt to defend and revive the Enlightenment belief in the authority of reason; his critical idealism an attempt to justify this belief and to establish a purely rational worldview. According to this interpretation, Cohen's thought is resolutely opposed to any form of irrationalism or mysticism because these would impose arbitrary and artificial limits on criticism and enquiry. It is therefore critical of those interpretations which see Cohen's philosophy as a species of proto-existentialism (Rosenzweig) or Jewish mysticism (Adelmann and Kohnke). Hermann Cohen: An Intellectual Biography attempts to unify the two sides of Cohen's thought, his philosophy and his Judaism. Maintaining that Cohen's Judaism was not a limit to his radical rationalism but a consistent development of it, Beiser contends that his religion was one of reason. He concludes that most critical interpretations have failed to appreciate the philosophical depth and sophistication of his Judaism, a religion which committed the believer to the unending search for truth and the striving to achieve the cosmopolitan ideals of reason.

Mind0

Mind0 PDF Book Detail:
Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 36.61 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category :
Languages : en
Pages :
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Book Description: